State of Conservation
States PartiesAfghanistan Albania Algeria Argentina Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bangladesh Belarus Benin Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Brazil Bulgaria Cambodia Cameroon Canada Central African Republic Chile China Colombia Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Cyprus Democratic Republic of the Congo Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Estonia Ethiopia France Georgia Germany Ghana Greece Guatemala Guinea Haiti Holy See Honduras Hungary India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Italy Japan Jordan Kenya Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Libya Lithuania Luxembourg Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Mali Malta Mauritania Mexico Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Nepal New Zealand Niger Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Republic of Korea Romania Russian Federation Senegal Serbia Seychelles Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Thailand the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Uruguay Uzbekistan Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan (737) Illegal activities (290) Housing (267) Ground transport infrastructure (252) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation (210) Management activities (163) Financial resources (162) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community (157) Legal framework (134) Land conversion (126) Mining (119) Human resources (102) Water (rain/water table) (101) Water infrastructure (90) Civil unrest (74) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals (69) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure (67) Surface water pollution (60) Storms (58) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (56) Commercial development (53) Deliberate destruction of heritage (51) Forestry /wood production (49) Interpretative and visitation facilities (45) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources (45) Oil and gas (43) Relative humidity (42) Erosion and siltation/ deposition (41) Solid waste (40) Major linear utilities (37) War (36) Earthquake (36) Marine transport infrastructure (34) Invasive/alien terrestrial species (33) Air pollution (31) Localised utilities (26) Crop production (26) Water (extraction) (26) Flooding (23) Fire (widlfires) (23) Input of excess energy (19) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses (19) Industrial areas (18) Subsistence hunting (17) Avalanche/ landslide (17) Invasive / alien freshwater species (16) Wind (14) Society's valuing of heritage (14) Renewable energy facilities (13) Quarrying (13) Governance (13) Air transport infrastructure (11) High impact research / monitoring activities (11) Commercial hunting (10) Invasive / alien marine species (10) Temperature (9) Underground transport infrastructure (8) Other climate change impacts (8) Volcanic eruption (8) Micro-organisms (7) Desertification (7) Ground water pollution (5) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system (5) Pollution of marine waters (4) Radiation/light (3) Terrorism (3) Pests (2) Temperature change (2) Subsistence wild plant collection (1) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting (1) Military training (1) Drought (1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).