State of Conservation
States PartiesAfghanistan Albania Algeria Argentina Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bangladesh Belarus Benin Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Brazil Bulgaria Cambodia Cameroon Canada Central African Republic Chile China Colombia Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Democratic Republic of the Congo Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Estonia Ethiopia France Georgia Germany Ghana Greece Guatemala Guinea Haiti Holy See Honduras Hungary India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Italy Japan Jordan Kenya Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Libya Lithuania Luxembourg Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Mali Malta Mauritania Mexico Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Nepal New Zealand Niger Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Republic of Korea Romania Russian Federation Senegal Serbia Seychelles Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Thailand the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Uruguay Uzbekistan Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan (637) Illegal activities (246) Housing (220) Ground transport infrastructure (220) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation (181) Management activities (150) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community (144) Financial resources (136) Land conversion (115) Mining (110) Legal framework (108) Water (rain/water table) (84) Water infrastructure (83) Human resources (81) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure (60) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals (59) Civil unrest (59) Surface water pollution (56) Storms (56) Forestry /wood production (47) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (46) Commercial development (42) Deliberate destruction of heritage (39) Oil and gas (38) Relative humidity (38) Interpretative and visitation facilities (37) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources (37) Erosion and siltation/ deposition (34) Solid waste (32) Earthquake (32) Major linear utilities (31) Invasive/alien terrestrial species (31) War (30) Marine transport infrastructure (29) Air pollution (29) Localised utilities (25) Crop production (24) Water (extraction) (24) Flooding (21) Fire (widlfires) (21) Industrial areas (18) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses (17) Subsistence hunting (16) Input of excess energy (14) Avalanche/ landslide (14) Invasive / alien freshwater species (14) Quarrying (12) Wind (12) Renewable energy facilities (11) Society's valuing of heritage (11) Invasive / alien marine species (10) Governance (10) Air transport infrastructure (9) Commercial hunting (8) Temperature (8) Other climate change impacts (8) Volcanic eruption (8) Desertification (7) High impact research / monitoring activities (7) Underground transport infrastructure (5) Micro-organisms (5) Ground water pollution (3) Pollution of marine waters (3) Radiation/light (3) Terrorism (3) Pests (2) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system (2) Subsistence wild plant collection (1) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting (1) Military training (1) Drought (1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).