State of Conservation
States PartiesAlbania Algeria Argentina Australia Austria Bangladesh Belarus Benin Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Brazil Bulgaria Cambodia Cameroon Canada Central African Republic Chile China Colombia Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Democratic Republic of the Congo Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Estonia Ethiopia France Georgia Germany Ghana Greece Guatemala Guinea Haiti Holy See Honduras Hungary India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Italy Japan Jordan Kenya Lao People's Democratic Republic Lebanon Libya Lithuania Luxembourg Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Mali Malta Mauritania Mexico Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Nepal New Zealand Niger Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Republic of Korea Romania Russian Federation Senegal Serbia Seychelles Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sri Lanka Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Thailand the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Tunisia Turkey Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Uzbekistan Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan (484) Illegal activities (194) Ground transport infrastructure (180) Housing (166) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation (130) Management activities (118) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community (117) Financial resources (102) Mining (90) Land conversion (88) Legal framework (81) Water infrastructure (73) Water (rain/water table) (69) Storms (52) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure (49) Human resources (49) Surface water pollution (48) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals (47) Civil unrest (44) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (42) Forestry /wood production (40) Relative humidity (31) Solid waste (29) Oil and gas (29) Erosion and siltation/ deposition (29) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources (28) Earthquake (28) War (27) Air pollution (25) Deliberate destruction of heritage (25) Commercial development (24) Localised utilities (24) Interpretative and visitation facilities (23) Marine transport infrastructure (23) Major linear utilities (22) Crop production (22) Invasive/alien terrestrial species (22) Water (extraction) (21) Flooding (17) Fire (widlfires) (16) Industrial areas (12) Input of excess energy (11) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses (11) Subsistence hunting (10) Wind (10) Renewable energy facilities (9) Avalanche/ landslide (9) Invasive / alien freshwater species (9) Quarrying (8) Temperature (8) Invasive / alien marine species (8) Air transport infrastructure (6) Society's valuing of heritage (6) Other climate change impacts (6) Governance (6) High impact research / monitoring activities (6) Micro-organisms (5) Desertification (5) Volcanic eruption (5) Commercial hunting (4) Ground water pollution (3) Pollution of marine waters (3) Radiation/light (3) Terrorism (3) Pests (2) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system (2) Underground transport infrastructure (1) Subsistence wild plant collection (1) Military training (1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).