State of Conservation
States PartiesAfghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Argentina Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil Bulgaria Cambodia Cameroon Canada Central African Republic Chad Chile China Colombia Congo Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czechia Democratic People's Republic of Korea Democratic Republic of the Congo Denmark Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Estonia Ethiopia Fiji France Gabon Georgia Germany Ghana Greece Guatemala Guinea Haiti Holy See Honduras Hungary India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Italy Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Libya Lithuania Luxembourg Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Mali Malta Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Niger Nigeria Norway Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Republic of Korea Romania Russian Federation Saint Lucia Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Thailand the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Uruguay Uzbekistan Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan (1918) Housing (914) Illegal activities (753) Ground transport infrastructure (560) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation (531) Management activities (417) Land conversion (374) Legal framework (362) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community (337) Financial resources (337) Mining (321) Human resources (268) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure (257) Water infrastructure (243) Civil unrest (232) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals (220) Water (rain/water table) (201) Deliberate destruction of heritage (191) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (153) War (146) Erosion and siltation/ deposition (134) Surface water pollution (133) Interpretative and visitation facilities (129) Oil and gas (125) Solid waste (121) Invasive/alien terrestrial species (106) Commercial development (104) Marine transport infrastructure (101) Forestry /wood production (98) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources (96) Storms (95) Governance (89) Crop production (85) Earthquake (84) Flooding (82) Major linear utilities (80) Fire (widlfires) (63) Relative humidity (62) Water (extraction) (56) Air pollution (52) Invasive / alien freshwater species (46) Localised utilities (43) Renewable energy facilities (43) High impact research / monitoring activities (40) Underground transport infrastructure (39) Wind (39) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system (39) Industrial areas (38) Air transport infrastructure (33) Input of excess energy (33) Society's valuing of heritage (33) Subsistence hunting (31) Commercial hunting (30) Other climate change impacts (29) Avalanche/ landslide (29) Ground water pollution (28) Quarrying (25) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses (23) Drought (21) Invasive / alien marine species (21) Pollution of marine waters (16) Micro-organisms (15) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting (15) Temperature change (15) Non-renewable energy facilities (14) Temperature (14) Desertification (12) Translocated species (12) Changes to oceanic waters (10) Volcanic eruption (9) Radiation/light (3) Terrorism (3) Tsunami/tidal wave (3) Subsistence wild plant collection (2) Pests (2) Military training (2) Hyper-abundant species (1) Low impact research / monitoring activities (1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).