State of Conservation
States PartiesBenin Botswana Cameroon Central African Republic Chad Congo Côte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Ethiopia Gabon Ghana Guinea Kenya Lesotho Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritius Mozambique Niger Nigeria Senegal Seychelles South Africa Uganda United Republic of Tanzania Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsIllegal activities (338) Management systems/ management plan (337) Mining (158) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community (141) Land conversion (140) Civil unrest (136) Financial resources (130) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals (105) War (98) Housing (94) Human resources (94) Ground transport infrastructure (91) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation (55) Water infrastructure (53) Management activities (52) Solid waste (50) Water (rain/water table) (43) Legal framework (42) Erosion and siltation/ deposition (40) Oil and gas (33) Crop production (30) Fire (widlfires) (29) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure (28) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources (25) Forestry /wood production (24) Invasive/alien terrestrial species (23) Commercial hunting (20) Surface water pollution (18) Drought (17) Subsistence hunting (16) Deliberate destruction of heritage (16) Invasive / alien freshwater species (15) Interpretative and visitation facilities (14) Marine transport infrastructure (12) Water (extraction) (12) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting (12) Industrial areas (10) Flooding (10) Storms (10) Translocated species (10) Governance (10) Major linear utilities (9) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (6) Air pollution (6) Relative humidity (6) Wind (6) Desertification (4) Other climate change impacts (4) Avalanche/ landslide (4) Air transport infrastructure (3) Input of excess energy (3) Earthquake (3) Renewable energy facilities (2) Ground water pollution (2) Society's valuing of heritage (2) Volcanic eruption (2) Subsistence wild plant collection (1) Pests (1) Changes to oceanic waters (1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).