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Mir-Sayid Bakhrom Mausoleum

Date de soumission : 18/01/2008
Critères: (iii)
Catégorie : Culturel
Soumis par :
National Commission of the Republic of Uzbekistan for UNESCO
État, province ou région :
Navoi Region
Coordonnées N36 53 E67 15
Ref.: 5309
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Description

Mir-Sayid Bakhrom Mausoleum represents central (with central axle system) construction. The sizes of the external walls consist of 6,06х6,1m in the plan. In the interior 4,47х4,4 m. Mausoleum is laid out from backed brick.

The main facade issued in the form of the portal. On an axis is located the superficial arch niche in 2,13 cm width with the rectangular doorway and arch window above them. From the external part, the arch frames with large inscription with significant losses.

The facade flanked cut columns also is designed by the II-shaped frame in the form of the repeating geometrical figure with verge "plait". The dome is based upon on the octahedron in the interior. The interior of the mausoleum in an original form has been entirely decorated by the groove on the ganch.

The original gravestone deserves special attention in the mausoleum, which originally has been made by wood, and in the consequence, large plates from the black stone covered it.

Déclarations d’authenticité et/ou d’intégrité

Mir-Sayid Bakhrom Mausoleum in its architectural, constructive, volumetric-spatial form is one of the most interesting monuments of architecture that reflects one of the parts of the development of architecture of Central Asia in general and memorial constructions in particular.

Insignificant preservation works were carried out in the monument. Until now, it was almost entirely preserved. Once built ayvan was not preserved. The rests of marble bases of columns are preserved.

Comparaison avec d’autres biens similaires

Mir-Sayid Bakhrom Mausoleum has features similar to the mausoleum of Samanids in Bukhara, Arab-Ata in Samarkand region and mausoleum of Oq Ostona Bobo in Surkhandarya region and deserves its including to the number of outstanding monuments of the world architecture, located on the way of the Great Silk Road.