English Français

Shahruhiya

Date de soumission : 18/01/2008
Critères: (ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)
Catégorie : Culturel
Soumis par :
National Commission of the Republic of Uzbekistan for UNESCO
État, province ou région :
Tashkent Region, Akkurgan District
Coordonnées N41 14 E68 52
Ref.: 5287
Avertissement

Les Listes indicatives des États parties sont publiées par le Centre du patrimoine mondial sur son site Internet et/ou dans les documents de travail afin de garantir la transparence et un accès aux informations et de faciliter l'harmonisation des Listes indicatives au niveau régional et sur le plan thématique.

Le contenu de chaque Liste indicative relève de la responsabilité exclusive de l'État partie concerné. La publication des Listes indicatives ne saurait être interprétée comme exprimant une prise de position de la part du Comité du patrimoine mondial, du Centre du patrimoine mondial ou du Secrétariat de l'UNESCO concernant le statut juridique d'un pays, d'un territoire, d'une ville, d'une zone ou de leurs frontières.

Les noms des biens figurent dans la langue dans laquelle les États parties les ont soumis.

Description

A site of ancient settlement Shahruhiya (Sharkiya) located in 88 km to the southwest from Tashkent on the right coast of Syrdarya River. It is the first large city of Tashkent oases, situated on the Great Silk Road through Yaksart (Syrdarya). In the oriental sources, it was famous under the name Benaket and the portion of the Great Silk Road direction called by its name. It consisted of citadel, two cities' territories and wide tradecraft suburb-rabad, in total area - 400 hectares. Fortress walls with towers have surrounded by citadel, Shahristan and Rabad. The walls were kept better, which erected by Amir Temur, called Ancient Benaket by the name of his youngest son Shahruh in 1392. Archeological researches discovered fortification constructions, handicraft workshops of potters and glass blower, bazaars areas, systems of municipal improvements of the city and remains of the front residential constructions of the Epoch of Temurids and Uzbek Khanates. The memorial complex "Shomir-kara ovlia" functioned in the northwestern part of Rabad in XVI century. The traces of the memorial mosque of Abdullakhan I were preserved here, that was built for Shah Emir Asadulla, the ishan of Shahruhiya and marble grave. A site of ancient settlement of Shahruhiya existed from III-IV until XVIII centuries A.D. Originally, it was a small city at the passage, but it became a huge city at the X-XI cc. It was destroyed by Mongols, later has reconstructed by Amir Temur, and named as Shahruhiya. Since that time, it became an important economical and cultural center in the state of Temurids and Sheybanids. Here was functioned own mint. The city connected with the names of outstanding scientists, poets, penmen and artists lived here.

Déclarations d’authenticité et/ou d’intégrité

The monument partly destroyed by Syrdarya River, the safety of other part of the city and necropolis of Uzbek elite is quite satisfied.

Comparaison avec d’autres biens similaires

Safety of the architectural constructions of site of ancient settlement of Shahruhiya allows transforming after preservation it into unique city - museum on the Great Silk Road - the most valuable tourist object. Site of ancient settlement of Shahruhiya in many respects is original. In comparison with other similar monuments discovered an affinity to such largest monuments like Otrar (Kazakhstan) and Ahsikent in Syrdarya region (Ferghana, Uzbekistan).