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Mountains of the Western Tien Shan (Transboundary nomination of Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan) “Chatkal Sate Biosphere Reserve”

Date de soumission : 18/01/2008
Critères: (viii)(x)
Catégorie : Naturel
Soumis par :
National Commission of the Republic of Uzbekistan for UNESCO
Etat, province ou région :
Tashkent Region
Coordonnées N42 20 E70 00
Ref.: 5285
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Les noms des biens figurent dans la langue dans laquelle les Etats parties les ont soumis.

Description

Chatkal State Biosphere Reserve, created in 1947, is located in Ugam-Chatkal National Park, which is in the east of Tashkent and in the north of Angren. Total area is 35724 hectares; 6586 hectares are forests, 7047 hectares - meadows, 81 hectares - reservoirs. The flora of Chatkal reserve counts 1186 species that is typical to this region. There are 6 precinctive for this reserve species which are grown here, 28 kinds of plants of reserve are inscribed in the Red Book of Uzbekistan. 44 kinds of mammals and over 230 kinds of birds, 16 reptiles and 2 amphibians, over 3 thousand kinds of invertebrates dwell here.

There are unique ancient rock carvings dated 1 - 2 millennia B.C. in this territory. Besides, there are monuments of culture of Bronze Age - products of Bronze, ancient copper outputs and remnants of ancient settlements were preserved.

Déclarations d’authenticité et/ou d’intégrité

The reserve includes plateau and middle mountain zones right up to mountain ridges, which fully provides long-term preservation of ecosystems of these zones and plant and animal communities. In the choosing territory under the reserve, were determined at least transformed zones, which preserved inviolate landscapes and cover.

Comparaison avec d’autres biens similaires

This reserve is the only secured territory in this region within the territory of Uzbekistan with strict regime, which provides preservation of the completely natural complex in natural state