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Baroque Churches of the Philippines (Extension)

Date de soumission : 16/05/2006
Catégorie : Culturel
Soumis par :
National Commission for Culture and the Arts
Etat, province ou région :

(Province of Cebu), Municipality of Boljo-on - (Province of Eastern Samar), Municipality of Guiuan - (Province of Bohol), Municipality of Loboc -(Province of Siquijor), Municipality of Lazi -(Province of Isabela), Municipality of Tumauini


Ref.: 3860
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Description

1) Church complex of Patrocinio de Maria, Boljo-on (Cebu)

The Augustinian Friars built the church of Patrocinio de Maria in the 18th century. The church and convent still uses clay roof tiles for its roof. The complex was a fortress church. With in the complex are; block house at the front left side of the complex served as a watch tower, a school at the left rear side built in the 1940's, series of wall ruins, and an 18th century cemetery. Numerous church artifacts are intact. The ceiling painting was done by local painters in the 1920's. The church walls are made of coral stone. The façade is ornamented with ecclesiastic symbols. A pipe organ was installed in the 19th century at the choir loft.

2) Church of La Inmaculada Concepcion, Guiuan (Samar)

The present church was first built by the Jesuit Missionaries in the 18th Century, later was taken over by the Franciscan Friars. The church complex is a fortress. Numerous parts of the church interior are decorated with seashells. It is unique in the country. The church still has its original front door, retablos, statues, and other church artifacts. The walls are made of coral stone.

3) Church complex of San Pedro Apostol, Loboc (Bohol)

The present church was first erected by the Jesuit Missionaries in the 18th century, then later taken over by the Augustinian Recollects who had there share of construction. The church complex is near the river and is composed of; the church structure, a three storey convent, a bell tower situated about 50 meters away from the front and a mortuary chapel at the complex's left side. The Jesuits designed the church with an intricately designed façade (though unfinished), every window has cherub designs under the opening. The Augustinian Recollects added a portico façade, buttresses, the bell tower and the mortuary chapel. The interior has; 18th and 19th centuries retablos, ceiling of the church is painted by indigenous artisans in the 1920's, a 19th century pipe organ (restored in 2001). In the 19th century, the roof of the church is made of clay roof tiles. The walls are made of coral stone.

The convent is L-shaped with three floors, and is located at the rear end of the church. The third floor of the convent is connected to the church. The convent shows different periods of construction. The main hall of the convent, located at the second floor, has a Victorian interior, the walls have paintings, the ceiling is made of fabricated tin panels. The third level of the convent is used as a museum of church artifacts. Numerous areas of the convent are dilapidated due to its non-use.  Also found at the rear of the convent, resembling a pool.

4) Church complex of San Isidro Labrador, Lazi (Siquijor)

The church complex was built by the Augustinian Recollects in the latter half of the 19th century. The church has two pulpits, the original retablos, and wood floors with herringbone pattern. The church walls are approximately a meter thick, The walls are reinforced with log post which are embedded in the wall. The façade is veneered with coral stone, while the rest is made of fill. The pediments of the church are made of wood panels.

Across the church is a large convent, which was used for rest and recreation of the Friars. It is a U-shape structure, with stonewalls at the first level, and wood studs and panels at the second floor. The convent has width of about 50 meters and a depth of about 50 meters. Most of the partitions of the convent have been removed, but the design elements are seen in most parts of the structure.

5) Church of San Mattias, Tumauini (Isabela)

The church walls are made entirely of brick. The façade is a magnificent display of the use ornamented brick laid out in characteristic design. Customized bricks were numbered, and placed customized to fit the walls. The interior of the church, similar to the façade is veneered with ornamented bricks. The upper half of the interior wall is laid with ornately designed brick blocks.

The bell tower of the church is cylindrical. The complex is fenced with brick walls, which is also ornamented like the rest of the church. The convent, located at the Gospel side of the church is now in ruins.

Déclarations d’authenticité et/ou d’intégrité

1) Church complex of Patrocinio de Maria, Boljo-on (Cebu)

The church structure and complex still boast of its original features; the roof, walling, ceiling, ornamentation, and setting. Repairs that were done in the recent years, but these repairs did not affect the integrity of the church and setting. The design of the structure, use of materials is in conformity with the setting and location. To date it is still used as a church and convent.

2) Church of La Inmaculada Concepcion, Guiuan (Samar)

The church of Guiuan has undergone further improvements in the 1930's when the present ceiling of the church was painted and the flooring was done. There are repairs every now and then, but the main context of the structure remained. The seashell ornamentation and the church artifacts are intact. The fortress is still in the periphery. Based on an early 20th century picture, the church maintained its integrity. Reflective of the Jesuit and Franciscan sensibilities.

3) Church complex of San Pedro Apostol, Loboc (Bohol)

The church complex of Loboc maintained most of its original features. Based on an early 20th century photograph, the church appeared the same. There appeared that no major works was done in the church except for the replacement of the roof. Generally, the features are intact, and most of the additions / repairs are reversible. With sensibilities of the Jesuit and Augustinian Recollects.

4) Church complex of San Isidro Labrador, Lazi (Siquijor)

The setting of the church complex remained the same as to when it was built in the 19th century. There are slight modifications made in the convent, but the traces are still there.

5) Church complex of San Mattias, Tumauini (Isabela)

Though damaged in the Second World War, the church retained / preserved most of the undamaged walls. The damaged part of the church was repaired.

Comparaison avec d’autres biens similaires

1) Church complex of Patrocinio de Maria, Boljo-on (Cebu

Reflective of Philippine 18th century architecture, Baroque style of Cebu. It is a Philippine adaptation of Western Style. It has no similarities in the Orient.

2) Church of La Inmaculada Concepcion, Guiuan (Samar)

Reflective of Philippine 18th and 19th century architecture, Baroque style. It is a Philippine adaptation of Western Architectural Style. It has no similarities in the Orient.

3) Church complex of San Pedro Apostol, Loboc (Bohol)

Reflective of Philippine 18th and 19th century Baroque architecture style. Philippine adaptation of Western Style with no similarities in the Orient.

4) Church complex of San Isidro Labrador, Lazi (Siquijor)

Reflective of 19h century architectural development  in the Philippines. The property is a Philippine adaptation of Western Style with no similarities in the Orient.

5) Church complex of San Mattias, Tumauini (Isabela)

reflective of Philippine 19th century architecture, Baroque style. Philippine adaptation of Western Style with no similarities in the Orient. The excessive use of ornamented bricks; stamped and embossed which is unique to the country.