The large Stone Age ruin of Kastelli at Pattijoki
National Board of Antiquities
Le Secrétariat de l’UNESCO et le Centre du patrimoine mondial ne garantissent pas l’exactitude et la fiabilité des avis, opinions, déclarations et autres informations ou documentations fournis au Secrétariat de l’UNESCO et au Centre du patrimoine mondial par les Etats Parties à la Convention concernant la protection du patrimoine mondial, culturel et naturel.
La publication de tels avis, opinions, déclarations, informations ou documentations sur le site internet et/ou dans les documents de travail du Centre du patrimoine mondial n’implique nullement l’expression d’une quelconque opinion de la part du Secrétariat de l’UNESCO ou du Centre du patrimoine mondial concernant le statut juridique de tout pays, territoire, ville ou région, ou de leurs autorités, ou le tracé de leurs frontières.
Les noms des biens figurent dans la langue dans laquelle les Etats parties les ont soumis.
Kastelli at Linnankangas, Pattijoki, is situated on an imposing moraine ridge in a forest landscape typical of northern Ostrobothnia, with pine forests alternating with open marshes. This type of construction, which according to legend was built by giants, is only found in the coastal areas of the gulf of Bothnia. There are about 30 known constructions of this kind. Kastelli at Pattijoki is the largest of them; it is a rectangular rampart measuring 36 x 62 meters built in an area which used to be a rocky shore. The rampart, which is two meters high in its present state, has six gateways. In the environs are more than twenty rock cairns, a representative group of ten trapping holes and a stone age dwelling site lower on the slope. Excavations were made at Kastelli in the 1920s. The findings, especially the schist material, date the "giant's church" of Kastelli at about 2000 BC. Kastelli at Pattijoki represents the earliest monumental construction in Finland in a form which is rarely found in hunter-catherer cultures. It is likely that the construction was related to the hunting of seals on spring ice away from dwelling places. The rampart is surrounded by stone cairns, which probably represent the remains of holes made for the keeping of killed animals. Having demanded a great deal of work to construct, Kastelli is a concrete manifestation of social organisation in Finland during the Stone Age. Althought it is now situated close to present habitation, this enormous ancient monument complexe has been preserved nearly in its original and natural state.