jump to the content

The Ancient Plovdiv

Date de soumission : 14/09/2004
Critères: (ii)(iv)(vi)
Catégorie : Culturel
Soumis par :
National Institute for Cultural Monuments16, Knyaz Dondukov Blvd - Sofia
Coordonnées 42°9' N / 24°45' E
Ref.: 1948
Avertissement

Le Secrétariat de l’UNESCO et le Centre du patrimoine mondial ne garantissent pas l’exactitude et la fiabilité des avis, opinions, déclarations et autres informations ou documentations fournis au Secrétariat de l’UNESCO et au Centre du patrimoine mondial par les Etats Parties à la Convention concernant la protection du patrimoine mondial, culturel et naturel.

La publication de tels avis, opinions, déclarations, informations ou documentations sur le site internet et/ou dans les documents de travail du Centre du patrimoine mondial n’implique nullement l’expression d’une quelconque opinion de la part du Secrétariat de l’UNESCO ou du Centre du patrimoine mondial concernant le statut juridique de tout pays, territoire, ville ou région, ou de leurs autorités, ou le tracé de leurs frontières.

Les noms des biens figurent dans la langue dans laquelle les Etats parties les ont soumis.

Description

The locality of Plovdiv on the transport corridor, which is crossing the Balkans, ensures its strategic position in the communications between the East and the West even from the remote past. The Ancient Plovdiv includes the very old part of the town, which had preserved over the centuries its integrity as a historical centre with a homogeneous structure and remarkable historical stratification. The accumulated over the Three Hills layers contain some valuable proofs about the millenary development – marks from the prehistory, Thracian, Hellenic and Roman cultures, from the Middle Ages, the Ottoman period, the National revival and from the XX century. The highest concentration of early layers is in the archeological site “Nebeth tepe”. The first evidence of human presence is dated from the end of the III millenary B.C. The most valuable expression of the antique layer is the Antique Theatre - one of the most imposing examples of the theatric architecture of Roman provinces. The fortification system of the city acropolis is spread between the Nebeth Tepe and the Ancient Stadium. Thus the antique and the middle ages structures both find expression in the town, even just fragmentary revealed. The architectural layer from the National Revival has the highest concentration, integrity and degree of preservation. Its stylistic characteristic is a unique variety of the Balkan’s vernacular architecture from the end of the Ottoman domination – XVIII-XIX centuries. The continuity of the medieval structure is evinced in this historical layer: the compact buildings, homogeneous silhouette; irregular street network; dominants of cults; expression of the fortification axes. Together with this a new spirit of the lay-out of the public and private areas has its expression here.