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Extension of the location of Spišský hrad and its associated cultural monuments with Levoča and the work of Master Paul in Spiš

Date de soumission : 12/06/2002
Critères: (i)(ii)(iv)(v)
Catégorie : Culturel
Soumis par :
Institut of Monuments Preservation, Bratislavae-mail: supsop1@pamiatky.sk
Coordonnées 20°35' E / 49°02' N
Ref.: 1735

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The object of extension of hte original proposal of Spissky Hrad and its associated cultural monuments (inscribed in the World Heritage List in 1993) is the extension of the immediate territory under the former regional castle with other inseparable attributes of this culturally unique region, with the attributes completing its cultural-historical importance. The medieval Levoca belongs to hte prominent towns of its time and performed an important position within the Kingdom. It was an important centre of economic, cultural and pictorial life,whose results influenced the wide surroundings. The evidence of its position is the preserved valuable buildings in the town, allocated in a planned way around the rectangular square, orginating in the 14th-15th century. They represent the development, the flourish, but also the gradual economic decline of a lively trade centre. In addition to splendid houses of rich burgesses, it is manly characterised by the parochial church with the highest preserved later gothic altar in the worl by time of Master Paul, the town hall, the churches with the monasteries of minors and a cast rampart wall system. The over-regional influence of htis town on the various areas of architecture, especially in the time of renaissance by creation of the so-called Spis renaissance, is irreplaceable.The central importance of Levoca was also in the area of art. It is outstandingly illustrated by the unique work of Master Paul, the medieval carver, which was retained in the largesst amount right in Levoca.

The concentration of town centres, with 24 sites, where also other important trade centres flourished besides Levoca, is typical for the relaticely dens population of Spis. Their prosperity was based on the development of the commerce and handicrafts-similarly as in the case of Levoca, they were not furnished with so extensive town privileges and freedoms, so after the primary development during the 13th-15th centuries the decline came. For the seats in the area the early gothic churches, in the time of top Gothic, vaulted on the central columns, resluting in the typical Spis two nave positions, are a characteristic phenomenon. Their medieval character is underlined by the preserved interior outfit, from which the most precious are the late gothic wing altars arising from the work of Master Paul. The most precious two-nave churches are in Poprad and its local parts Matejovce and Spisska Sobota, L'ubica, in Vrbov and Odorin. They are an inseparable part of hte special character of the cultural landscape in Spis.