jump to the content

Forêt atlantique – Réserves du sud-est

Atlantic Forest South-East Reserves

The Atlantic Forest South-East Reserves, in the states of Paraná and São Paulo, contain some of the best and most extensive examples of Atlantic forest in Brazil. The 25 protected areas that make up the site (some 470,000 ha in total) display the biological wealth and evolutionary history of the last remaining Atlantic forests. From mountains covered by dense forests, down to wetlands, coastal islands with isolated mountains and dunes, the area comprises a rich natural environment of great scenic beauty.

Forêt atlantique – Réserves du sud-est

Située dans les États du Paraná et de São Paulo, cette forêt abrite quelques-uns des meilleurs – et plus vastes – exemples de la forêt atlantique brésilienne. Les vingt-cinq aires protégées qui composent ce site s’étendent sur environ 470 000 ha et illustrent la richesse biologique et l’évolution des derniers vestiges de la forêt atlantique. Depuis les montagnes couvertes de forêts denses jusqu’aux zones humides, aux îles côtières avec leurs montagnes et leurs dunes isolées, ce site présente un milieu naturel riche et de grande beauté.

الغابة الأطلسية- المحميات الجنوبية الشرقية

تشكّل هذه الغابة التي تقع في ولايتي بارانا وساو باولو أحد أفضل وأوسع النماذج عن الغابة الأطلسية البرازيلية. يتألف هذا الموقع الطبيعي من خمس وعشرين منطقة محمية تمتدّ على حوالى470000 هكتار وتجسّد الغنى الحيوي لهذه الغابة والتطور الذي طال بقاياها. كما يتمتع هذا الموقع بمحيط طبيعي وافر وخلاّب، بدءاً بالجبال المكسوة بالغابات الكثيفة، والمناطق الرطبة، وصولاً إلى الجزر الساحلية بمرتفعاتها وكثبانها المعزولة.

source: UNESCO/ERI

大西洋东南热带雨林保护区

大西洋东南热带雨林保护区位于巴拉那州(Paraná)和圣保罗州(São Paulo),有着巴西国内最好和最广泛的大西洋热带雨林品种。组成了该遗产的25处保护区(总面积470 000公顷),展示了保留下来的大西洋雨林的生物多样性和进化史。整个保护区内既有树木茂密的高山,也有湿地和沿海岛屿,岛屿上还有被海隔开的山峦和沙丘,这里风景如画,自然资源丰富。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Лесные резерваты юго-восточного атлантического побережья

Это наиболее крупные и сохранные массивы приатлантических лесов во всей Бразилии. 25 лесных резерватов общей площадью 470 тыс. га, лежащие на побережье океана в штатах Парана и Сан-Паулу, демонстрируют богатое биоразнообразие и иллюстрируют эволюцию уцелевших девственных лесов. Территория включает широкий набор различных экосистем (горы, покрытые густыми зарослями, водно-болотные угодья, дюнные комплексы, острова) и выделяется особенной живописностью.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Bosque atlí¡ntico - Reserva del sudeste

Estas reservas estí¡n situadas en los Estados de Paraní¡ y Sao Paulo y ofrecen uno de los mejores y mí¡s vastos ejemplos del bosque atlí¡ntico brasileño. Las 25 zonas protegidas que forman el sitio suman una superficie de 470.000 hectí¡reas e ilustran la riqueza biológica y la evolución de los últimos vestigios del bosque atlí¡ntico. Desde las montañas cubiertas por tupidos bosques hasta los pantanos e islas costeras con montañas y dunas asiladas, el medio natural extremadamente rico de este sitio va siempre unido a panoramas de una gran belleza.

source: UNESCO/ERI

サウス-イースト大西洋岸森林保護区群

source: NFUAJ

Zuidoostelijke reservaten van het Atlantische Woud

De Zuidoostelijke reservaten van het Atlantische Woud in de staten Paraná en São Paulo, omvatten de meest omvangrijke stukken van het Atlantische Woud in Brazilië. De 25 beschermde gebieden van deze locatie - in totaal zo'n 470.000 hectare - tonen de biologische rijkdom en evolutionaire geschiedenis van de laatste overgebleven Atlantische Wouden. Het gebied heeft een rijke natuurlijke omgeving van buitengewone schoonheid, variërend van bergen bedekt met dichtbegroeide bossen tot 'wetlands', kusteilanden met afgelegen bergen en duinen. Verder is er een diversiteit aan fauna te vinden, waaronder een groot aantal bedreigde diersoorten.

Source : unesco.nl

  • Anglais
  • Français
  • Arabe
  • Chinois
  • Russe
  • Espagnol
  • Japonais
  • Néerlandais
Forêt atlantique – Réserves du sud-est © Régis Filho
Justification d'inscription

Le site proposé contient les exemples les meilleurs et les plus étendus de la forêt atlantique dans la région du sud-est du Brésil. Les 25 aires protégées qui composent le site forment un archipel forestier qui révèle une structure de l’évolution de très grand intérêt pour la science et importante pour la conservation. Aucun des vestiges forestiers ne conviendrait à lui seul: c’est l’ensemble des six groupes, se complétant de manière synergique, qui illustre la richesse biologique et l’évolution des derniers vestiges de la forêt atlantique du sud-est du Brésil.

Description longue
[Uniquement en anglais]

The 25 Atlantic Forest South-East Reserves contain some of the best and most extensive examples of remaining Atlantic forest in Brazil displaying the biological wealth and evolutionary history of the one of the world's richest and most endangered habitats. From mountains covered by dense forests, down to wetlands, coastal islands with isolated mountains and dunes, the area comprises a rich natural environment of great scenic beauty.

Partially isolated since the Ice Age, the Atlantic forests have evolved into a complex ecosystem with exceptionally high endemism (70% of the tree species, 85% of the primates and 39% of the mammals) and are considered to be among the world's richest forests for tree species.

The nominated site comprises the Serra do Mar Mountain Chain, which runs parallel to the Atlantic coast and separates the Brazilian high plateau (planalto) from the lower sea plains; part of the Estuarine Lagoon Complex of Iguape-Cananéira-Paranagua, which includes a great variety of wetlands, from the flooded plains of the Ribeira de Iguape River to saline waters of the lagoon complex itself. There is also a vast extension of beaches showing a succession of opened ocean-sand dunes.

The nominated World Heritage site contains well-preserved remnant patches of highly diverse and endangered Atlantic rainforest. More than 450 tree species per hectare can be found in some areas, indicating that the diversity of woody plants in the region is larger than in the Amazon rainforest. Major vegetation types in the site are tall mountain and lower mountain Atlantic rainforest. Forest canopy along river valleys is taller, with isolated trees reaching up to 30 m in height. Species composition and structure change with altitude, and transitional stages between forest types are linked to soil depth, fertility and humidity.

There is a highly diverse fauna with several species of conservation concern. Mammals include 120 species, probably the largest number in Brazil. Some noteworthy species are jaguar, ocelot, bush dog, La Plata otter, 20 species of bat and various species of endangered primate, notably muriqui and brown howler monkey. The newly discovered black-faced lion tamarin is endemic to the area. The avifauna is very diverse, with 350 recorded species. The area is an important breeding ground for harpy eagle, red-tailed Amazon and black-fronted piping guan, among many others.

More than 50 archaeological sites were unearthed in the area. These sites contain accumulation of shells, pottery and stone tools.

Source : UNESCO/CLT/WHC