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Grottes de Škocjan

Škocjan Caves

This exceptional system of limestone caves comprises collapsed dolines, some 6 km of underground passages with a total depth of more than 200 m, many waterfalls and one of the largest known underground chambers. The site, located in the Kras region (literally meaning Karst), is one of the most famous in the world for the study of karstic phenomena.

Grottes de Škocjan

Ce réseau exceptionnel de grottes calcaires comporte des dolines d'effondrement et quelque 6 km de galeries à plus de 200 m de profondeur, de nombreuses cascades et l'une des plus grandes salles souterraines connues. Le site, qui se trouve dans la région du Kras (c'est-à-dire du « karst »), est l'un des plus célèbres au monde pour l'étude des phénomènes karstiques.

مغارات سكوكجان

تحتوي هذه الشبكة الفريدة من المغارات الكلسية على منخفضات وعلى نحو 6 كيلومترات من الأروقة التي يزيد عمقها على 200 متر، كما تتضمن عدداً من الشلالات واحدى اكبر الحجرات الجوفية المعروفة. ويعتبر هذا الموقع القابع في منطقة كراس (أي الكارست) من الأشهر في العالم لدراسة ظاهرة تكوّن الكارست.

source: UNESCO/ERI

斯科契扬溶洞

特殊的石灰石溶洞系统包括坍塌的落水洞,有深达200多米的约6公里长的地下通道,还有很多的瀑布。斯科契扬溶洞位于克拉斯地区(原文意为喀斯特),这里是世界上研究喀斯特现象的著名地点之一。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Шкоцьянские пещеры

Этот уникальный комплекс известняковых пещер включает карстовые провалы и воронки, подземные полости (в т. ч. одну из крупнейших в мире), множество водопадов. Некоторые пещеры достигают в глубину 200 м, а общая протяженность подземных коридоров составляет примерно 6 км. Пещеры расположены на плато Крас (Карст), одном из самых известных в мире карстовых районов.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Grutas de Škocjan

En este conjunto excepcional de grutas calcáreas pueden hallarse numerosas dolinas de hundimiento, una red de galerías de seis kilómetros de longitud situada a más de 200 metros de profundidad, numerosas cascadas y una de las cámaras subterráneas más grandes descubiertas hasta ahora. Este sitio es uno de los más reputados del mundo para el estudio de los fenómenos cársticos y se halla en la región de Kras (Karst), que ha dado su nombre a este tipo de formaciones geológicas.

source: UNESCO/ERI

シュコツィアン洞窟群

source: NFUAJ

Škocjan grotten

Dit uitzonderlijke systeem van kalksteengrotten heeft ingestorte dolines en ongeveer 6 kilometer aan ondergrondse gangen, met een totale diepte van meer dan 200 meter. Het gebied kent veel watervallen en heeft een van ‘s werelds grootste ondergrondse kamers. De Škocjan grotten liggen in de regio Kras (betekent letterlijk karst), die bekend staat als een van de meest beroemde gebieden voor het bestuderen van karstfenomenen. Archeologische vondsten wijzen op bewoning vanaf de midden-steentijd tot de ijzertijd. In die tijd werd er een fort gebouwd op de plek waar Škocjan zich nu bevindt. Op dezelfde plaats richtten ook de Romeinen een vesting op en tijdens de Middeleeuwen werd er een versterkte landelijke nederzetting gebouwd.

Source : unesco.nl

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Grottes de Škocjan © Borut Lozej
Description longue
[Uniquement en anglais]

The Škocjan Caves lie in the north-east section of Kraski Landscape Park. The protected area extends over 200 ha and includes four deep and picturesque chasms, Sokolak in the south, Globocak in the west, Sapen dol and Lisicina in the north. They are components of the cave system and are alike floristically. The site also includes the Mahorcic cave which has several underground lakes and five cascades.

The system of subterranean passages, fashioned by the Reka River, constitutes a dramatic example of large-scale karst drainage. An underground system of passages runs from the Reka's source to Timavo on the Gulf of Trieste in Italy. In places the surfaces of the galleries at several levels have collapsed and give the appearance of deep chasms. The river enters the Škocjan grotto in an underground passage 350 m long, reappearing in the bottom of a 150 m deep and 300 m long chasm, before disappearing into a passage 2 km long. There are five galleries and a canal. A gallery of stalactites and stalagmites leads to the surface. In total there are 25 cascades along the river.

Archeological excavations have revealed that the site has been occupied for more than 10,000 years. Archaeological finds point to continuous settlement from the middle Stone Age to the Iron Age, when a fort was constructed where Škocjan stands today. The Romans erected another fortification in the same place, and during the Middle Ages a fortified rural settlement was established. Documentary references exist since the time of Posidinuis (135-50 BC). It has frequently been written about, with important descriptive works appearing in 1599 and 1689.

A mixture of habitats is represented corresponding to the floras of Central Europe, the Mediterranean, Submediterranean, Ilyrian and Alpine, all of which are present side by side in the Great Valley. The rare endemic Campanula justiniana grows here at its type locality.

The system of grottos is rich in speleofauna. The underground galleries hold five species of wintering bat in large numbers.

Ever since the first scientific studies were carried out in the 19th century, the grotto system has been considered important karst phenomena in Europe and all organizations responsible for it have maintained it intact. The caves were first explored by Svetina in 1839, who descended 100 m into the Reka. Speleological research began in 1851 (and continues to date), research on the water system in 1893 and in 1894 the famous speleologist Martel published the work Les abimes .

The total population of 400 is present in three villages (Škocjan pri Divaci, Matavan and Betanja) within this area.

Source : UNESCO/CLT/WHC
Description historique
[Uniquement en anglais]

1980. Inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1986.

Source : évaluation des Organisations consultatives
Notes
  • Modification dans la numérotation des critères pour les biens inscrits uniquement pour leur valeur géologique, sous le critère N (ii) avant 1994. Le critère N (i) a été remplacé par le critère N(viii). Voir Décision 30.COM 8D.1