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Parc national de Kaziranga

Kaziranga National Park

In the heart of Assam, this park is one of the last areas in eastern India undisturbed by a human presence. It is inhabited by the world's largest population of one-horned rhinoceroses, as well as many mammals, including tigers, elephants, panthers and bears, and thousands of birds.

Parc national de Kaziranga

En plein cœur de l'Assam, le parc de Kaziranga, l'une des dernières zones de l'Inde du Nord qui n'aient pas été modifiées par l'homme, abrite la plus importante population de rhinocéros unicornes du monde, ainsi que de nombreux autres mammifères – tigres, éléphants, panthères, ours – et des milliers d'oiseaux.

روضة كازيرانغا الوطنية

يضمّ منتزه كازيرانغا الذي يقع في ولاية آسام وهو أحد آخر مناطق الهند الشمالية التي لم يغيرها الإنسان أهمّ سلالة وحيد القرن في العالم، بالإضافة إلى ثدييات عديدة أخرى كالنمور والفيلة والفهود والدببة وآلاف العصافير.

source: UNESCO/ERI

卡齐兰加国家公园

卡齐兰加国家公园位于印度阿萨姆邦中心地带,是印度东部最后一批没有人类活动骚扰的地区之一。这个公园里生活着世界上最大种群、最多数量的独角犀牛,还有许多其他哺乳动物,包括老虎、大象、豹、熊和数以千计的鸟类。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Национальный парк Казиранга

Этот парк, расположенный в центре штата Ассам, является одной из немногих в восточной Индии областей с нетронутой человеком природой. Здесь обитают однорогие носороги (самая крупная в мире популяция этого вида), тигры, слоны, пантеры и медведи, а также отмечены огромные скопления птиц.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Parque nacional de Kaziranga

Situado en el corazón del Estado de Assam, este parque abarca una de las pocas zonas de la India septentrional que no han sufrido alteraciones por la presencia del ser humano. Posee la población de rinocerontes de un solo cuerno más numerosa del mundo, así como muchos otros mamíferos –tigres, elefantes, panteras y osos, etc.– y miles de aves.

source: UNESCO/ERI

カジランガ国立公園

source: NFUAJ

Nationaal park Kaziranga

Dit nationaal park ligt in het hart van Assam. Het is een van de laatste gebieden in Oost-India die niet door menselijke aanwezigheid wordt verstoord. Het park wordt bewoond door ‘s werelds grootste aantal éénhoornige neushoorns en veel andere zoogdierensoorten, zoals tijgers, olifanten, panters en beren. Het gebied ligt op de zuidoever van de (rivier) Brahmaputra, aan de voet van de Mikir heuvels. De talloze waterplassen in het park zorgen voor een rijke voedselvoorziening en duizenden trekvogels – meer dan 100 soorten – komen seizoensafhankelijk op bezoek. De vogels komen overal vandaan, zelfs uit Siberië.

Source : unesco.nl

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Wild Asian Elephant © M & G Therin-Weise
Description longue
[Uniquement en anglais]

In the heart of Assam, this park is one of the last areas in eastern India undisturbed by a human presence. It is inhabited by the world's largest population of one-horned rhinoceroses, as well as many mammals, including tigers, elephants, panthers and bears, and thousands of birds.

The site is on the southern bank of the Brahmaputra River at the foot of the Mikir Hills. The park lies in the flood plains of the Brahmaputra. The riverine habitat consists primarily of tall, dense grasslands interspersed with open forests, interconnecting streams and numerous small lakes (bheels ). Three-quarters or more of the area is submerged annually by the flood waters of the Brahmaputra. Soils are alluvial deposits of the Brahmaputra and its tributaries.

There are three main types of vegetation: alluvial inundated grasslands, tropical wet evergreen forests and tropical semi-evergreen forests. Grasslands predominate in the west, with tall 'elephant' grasses on the higher ground and short grasses on the lower ground surrounding the bheels . They have been maintained by annual flooding and burning over thousands of years. Tropical wet evergreen forests, near Kanchanjhuri, Panbari and Tamulipathar blocks, are dominated by trees. Tropical semi-evergreen forests occur near Baguri, Bimali and Haldibari.

The park contains about 15 species of India's threatened mammals. It harbours the world's largest population of Indian rhinoceros and Indian elephant

Other mammals include capped langur, a small population of hoolock gibbon, tiger Panthera tigris , leopard, sloth bear, Ganges dolphin, otter, wild boar, water buffalo, gaur, sambar, swamp deer, hog deer and Indian muntjac. Elephants and other animals migrate with the advent of the monsoon and head southwards to the Mikir Hills and beyond to avoid the annual flooding of the national park.

The numerous water bodies are rich reservoirs of food (including fish) and thousands of migratory birds, representing over 100 species, visit the park seasonally from as far afield as Siberia. There is a grey pelican rookery near Kaziranga Village. Other birds of interest include black-necked stork, lesser adjutant stork, Pallas's fish eagle, grey-headed fish eagle, Bengal florican, swamp partridge, grey peacock-pheasant, great pied hornbill, green imperial pigeon, silver-breasted broadbill and Jerdon's bushchat. The avifauna comprises over 300 species.

The reptilian fauna include water monitor, Indian python, common cobra and king cobra are present.

Source : UNESCO/CLT/WHC
Description historique
[Uniquement en anglais]

Final notification as a national park issued on 11 February 1974, following the first notification in 1969. Originally established as a reserved forest in 1908, a game sanctuary in 1916 and a wildlife sanctuary in 1950. Designated as a World Heritage site in December 1985.

Source : évaluation des Organisations consultatives