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Golfe de Porto : calanche de Piana, golfe de Girolata, réserve de Scandola

Gulf of Porto: Calanche of Piana, Gulf of Girolata, Scandola Reserve

The nature reserve, which is part of the Regional Natural Park of Corsica, occupies the Scandola peninsula, an impressive, porphyritic rock mass. The vegetation is an outstanding example of scrubland. Seagulls, cormorants and sea eagles can be found there. The clear waters, with their islets and inaccessible caves, host a rich marine life.

Golfe de Porto : calanche de Piana, golfe de Girolata, réserve de Scandola

La réserve, qui fait partie du parc naturel régional de Corse, occupe la presqu''île de la Scandola, impressionnant massif de porphyre aux formes tourmentées. Sa végétation est un remarquable exemple de maquis. On y trouve des goélands, des cormorans et des aigles de mer. Les eaux transparentes, aux îlots et aux grottes inaccessibles, abritent une riche vie marine.

خليج بورتو:جون بيانا الصخري، خليج جيرولاتا، ومحمية سكاندولا

تحتلّ المحمية التي تشكّل جزءاً من الحديقة الطبيعية الإقليمية لكورسيكا شبه جزيرة سكاندولا، وهي كتلة مُدهشة من الرخام السمّاقي ذات أشكال متعرّجة. ويشكّل نمو نباتها مثالاً رائعاً للدغل إذ تتوافر طيور النورس، والغاقة، وعُقاب البحر. وتحتوي المياه الشفافة في الجزر والمغاور النائية حياةً مائية غنية.

source: UNESCO/ERI

波尔托湾:皮亚纳-卡兰切斯、基罗拉塔湾、斯康多拉保护区

这个自然保护区是科西嘉地区自然公园的一部分,位于斯康多拉半岛,属斑岩地貌的多石地带。这里的植被是茂密的灌木丛林,天空中飞翔着海鸥、鸬鹚和海鹰。清澈的海水,星星点点的小岛,连同险峻的岩洞构成了海洋生物的富饶家园。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Мысы Жиролата и Порто, природный резерват Скандола и скалистые бухты «каланки» у города Пьяна (остров Корсика)

Природный резерват, входящий в состав регионального парка Корсики, расположен на полуострове Скандола, который выделяется своими необычными порфировыми скалами. Местная растительность, представленная зарослями кустарников, имеет большой научный интерес. Здесь обитают морские чайки, бакланы, орланы. Очень разнообразны обитатели этих чистых вод, а также скалистых островков и недоступных для человека прибрежных пещер.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Golfo de Porto: cala de Piana, golfo de Girolata y reserva de Scandola

Esta reserva forma parte del Parque Natural Regional de Córcega y se extiende por la península de la Scandola, una impresionante masa de rocas porfíricas con formas atormentadas. Su vegetación es un ejemplo notable de monte bajo mediterráneo y su fauna comprende gaviotas, cormoranes y águilas marinas. La biodiversidad biológica en las aguas de sus islotes y grutas inaccesibles es especialmente rica.

source: UNESCO/ERI

ポルト湾:ピアナのカランケ、ジロラッタ湾、スカンドラ保護区

source: NFUAJ

Golf van Porto: Calanche van Piana, Golf van Girolata, Scandola natuurreservaat

Dit gebied ligt aan de centrale westelijke kust van het eiland Corsica. Het natuurreservaat maakt deel uit van het Regionaal nationaal park van Corsica en omvat het Scandola schiereiland, een indrukwekkende rotsmassa van porfier (hard en purperkleurig gesteente). De vegetatie bestaat uit kreupelhout en struikgewas. In het gebied zijn meeuwen, aalscholvers en zeearenden te vinden. Het zeegebied met zijn heldere water, eilandjes en ontoegankelijke grotten, herbergt een rijk zeeleven. De kustlijn is bezaaid met eilandjes en bekend vanwege de rode kliffen van ongeveer 900 meter hoog, zandstranden en landtongen zoals Kaap Osani en het schiereiland Elbo.

Source : unesco.nl

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Description longue
[Uniquement en anglais]

The site lies on the central western coast of the island of Corsica. The natural reserve, which is part of the Regional Natural Park of Corsica, occupies the Scandola peninsula, an impressive, porphyritic rock mass. The site includes a coastline of astonishing beauty studded with offshore islets and sea pillars rising out of translucent waters. On the shore itself there are hidden coves and long beeches of fine sand, sea grottos and high cliffs of blood-red porphyry. The vegetation is an outstanding example of scrubland. Seagulls, cormorants and sea eagles can be found there. The clear waters, with their islets and inaccessible caves, host a rich marine life.

The reserve is divided into two sectors: the Elpa Nera inlet (between Pointe Bianca and Pointe Validori) and the Scandola peninsula. This area, which includes the massif of Cinto and the valley of Fango, is part of a large geological complex that appears to have undergone two distinct cycles of volcanic activity in the Permian. Since then, the area has been subject to alternating cycles of erosion and rejuvenation. Geologically comprises porphyry, rhyoliths and basaltic pillars, which have all been considerably eroded by wave action. The jagged and sheer cliffs contain many grottos and are flanked by numerous stacks and almost inaccessible islets and coves, such as Tuara. The coastline is also noted for its red cliffs, some 900 m high, sand beaches, and headlands such as Cape Osani and the peninsula of Elbo.

On the more gentle slopes, typical Mediterranean maquis vegetation occurs. This is replaced by arborescent plants at an altitude of 200 m and oaks succeed this in certain areas. All species of marine algae for this part of the Mediterranean are found within the littoral zone, including a number of species, such as red algae, which are not recorded anywhere else in France. Because of the highly transparent nature of the waters the sublittoral algae is found over quite a large area. Scandola Nature Reserve contains a rich sedentary and migrant fauna including the peregrine falcon, osprey and Eleonora falcon, with Cory's shearwater and Audouin's gull occurring in the littoral zone.

The marine environment contains considerable numbers of spiny lobster and a wide range of littoral and sublittoral invertebrates and fish.

This area conserves traditional agriculture and grazing activities, and contains complete systems of architecturally interesting fortifications, which are important elements of Corsican culture. There are also some Roman sites.

Source : UNESCO/CLT/WHC
Description historique
[Uniquement en anglais]

Scandola Nature Reserve established under decree of 9 December 1975. Parc naturel regional de Corse established under decree of 12 May 1972. Since a law of 2 May 1930, updated by decree of 14 December 1976, no destruction or modification can be carried out in the area without authorisation from the Minister of the Environment. Girolata and Porto were classified as nature reserves in 1975 and 1976. Inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1983 and Scandola Nature Reserve was awarded the European Diploma in 1986.

Source : évaluation des Organisations consultatives
Notes
  • Modification dans la numérotation des critères pour les biens inscrits pour leur valeur géologique et biologique sous le critère naturel N (ii). Le critère naturel N (i) a été ajouté. Voir Décision 30.COM 8D.1
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