English Français
Cette page n'est pas intégralement disponible en français, vous pouvez la consulter en anglais.
On 10 November 2011 UNESCO’s General Conference adopted the new Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape by acclamation, the first such instrument on the historic environment issued by UNESCO in 35 years.

UNESCO Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape

This web page is developed with the support of the Nanjing Municipality.

© KULANGSU Administrative Committee / KULANGSU Administrative Committee / Kulangsu at Night

History
Discover what steps were taken towards the current HUL Recommendation.
Implementation
Learn how the HUL Recommendation is implemented at the global level and how it can be localized.
Activities
Follow the expert meetings on HUL Recommendation and explore individual case studies.
Tools
The tools that can be used to aid the implementation of the HUL Recommendation.
Resources
The knowledge and experience on HUL Recommendation is growing, you can make use of available resources.
Links
Find out more connections related to urban heritage and corresponding activities in other organisations.
On 10 November 2011 UNESCO’s General Conference adopted the new Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape by acclamation, the first such instrument on the historic environment issued by UNESCO in 35 years.
The Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape will not replace existing doctrines or conservation approaches; rather, it is an additional tool to integrate policies and practices of conservation of the built environment into the wider goals of urban development in respect of the inherited values and traditions of different cultural contexts. This tool, which is a “soft-law” to be implemented by Member States on a voluntary basis. In order to facilitate implementation, the UNESCO General Conference recommended that Member States take the appropriate steps to:
  • adapt this new instrument to their specific contexts;
  • disseminate it widely across their national territories;
  • facilitate implementation through formulation and adoption of supporting policies; and to
  • monitor its impact on the conservation and management of historic cities.
It further recommended that Member States and relevant local authorities identify within their specific contexts the critical steps to implement the Historic Urban Landscape approach, which may include the following:
  • To undertake comprehensive surveys and mapping of the city’s natural, cultural and human resources;
  • To reach consensus using participatory planning and stakeholder consultations on what values to protect for transmission to future generations and to determine the attributes that carry these values;
  • To assess vulnerability of these attributes to socio-economic stresses and impacts of climate change;
  • To integrate urban heritage values and their vulnerability status into a wider framework of city development, which shall provide indications of areas of heritage sensitivity that require careful attention to planning, design and implementation of development projects;
  • To prioritize actions for conservation and development;
  • To establish the appropriate partnerships and local management frameworks for each of the identified projects for conservation and development, as well as to develop mechanisms for the coordination of the various activities between different actors, both public and private.

Implementation of the HUL Recommendation

Learn how the HUL Recommendation is implemented at the global level and how it can be localized.

© Ministère de la Culture et de la Francophonie du Côte d'Ivoire / Ministère de la Culture et de la Francophonie du Côte d'Ivoire / Historic Town of Grand-Bassam (Côte d'Ivoire)

The Recommendation Text

Decisions

Executive Board Decisions

Executive Board Article Summary HUL
201 EX/39 11 Brief of Director Heritage Division on the implementation of the 2011 Recommendation The Director of the Division for Heritage and the World Heritage Centre, representative of the Culture Sector, presented the updated information on the implementation of 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, including a glossary of definitions, and of the 2015 Recommendation concerning the Protection and Promotion of Museums and Collections, their Diversity and their Role in Society.
201 EX/28 2 Cooperation between ICCROM in areas of Protection of heritage in an urbanizing world The Parties may cooperate on the areas related to the 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape and the 1976 Recommendation on Contemporary Roles for Historic Areas, including the promotion of urban conservation, not only on the urban heritage itself, but also the heritage left behind in rural areas as populations continue to shift to urban centres.
201 EX/19 PART I-IV 44   The General Conference examined progress made in the implementation of the Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape at its 38th session (document 38 C/71). In so doing, it reiterated the importance of this standard-setting instrument for the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, in particular for Sustainable Development Goal 11 “Sustainable cities and communities” and invited Member States to take the necessary measures to ensure its implementation and submit their implementation report.
  45   To continue activities launched since the adoption of the Recommendation, the World Heritage Centre has pursued the development of initiatives to promote the historic urban landscape approach and provide technical support to Member States in its implementation. A parallel event at the 40th session of the World Heritage Committee, held in Istanbul from 10 to 17 July, then in Paris from 24 to 26 October 2016, was thus devoted to the issue of safeguarding urban heritage, in particular through the use of the Recommendation.
  46   UNESCO’s partners (United Nations agencies and programmes, universities, UNESCO Chairs, category 2 centres under the auspices of UNESCO, public and private institutions, nongovernmental organizations) are also continuing their support for this action by developing outreach tools and activities. This mobilization is in keeping with the decision of the World Heritage Committee at its 40th session (40 COM 5D, paragraph 6), by which it took note of “the results achieved by the World Heritage Cities Programme” and called “States Parties and other stakeholders to provide human and financial resources ensuring the continuation of this Programme in view of its crucial importance for the conservation of the urban heritage inscribed on the World Heritage List, for the implementation of the Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape and its contribution to achieving the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals related to cities as well as for its contribution to the preparation of the New Urban Agenda”.
  47   This instrument played an important role in the preparation of the Global Report on Culture for Sustainable Urban Development, presented by UNESCO at the 3rd United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development (Habitat III), in October 2016. The report showed that the Recommendation proposes a very broad scope for the protection and conservation of urban heritage and includes intangible heritage, cultural expressions and creative industries. It thus contributes to the strengthening of synergies between the Conventions of 1972, 2003 and 2005.
  48   In response to a growing number of requests from several stakeholders in the conservation of urban heritage, the Secretariat has initiated reflection and mobilization of human and financial resources for the development of a methodological tool on the use of the approach centred on the historical urban landscape.
  49   The Secretariat has started to establish a timetable for the submission by Member States of their reports on the implementation of the Recommendation with a view to the 40th session of the General Conference in 2019.
201 EX/16 Annex IX Leadership position of UNESCO 2001-20014 2011 Chairperson of the Intergovernmental Meeting of Experts for the negotiation of the Recommendation on the "Historic Urban Landscape"
201 EX/4.INF   Donations received July-Dec 2016 Mexico - Cooperation Project with the Municipality of Guanajuato in the Framework of UNESCO’s recommendation on Historic Urban Landscape (26,638 USD) Mexico - Cooperation Project with Fundación Claudia y Roberto Hernández on on Historic Urban Landscape (45,000 USD) Mexico - Cooperation Project with the Municipality of Puebla in the Framework of UNESCO’s recommendation on Historic Urban Landscape (79,988 USD) Uzbekistan - Consultation Meeting on the Implementation of the UNESCO Recommendation on Historic Urban Landscape held in Samarkand and Bukhara, Uzbekistan (October 2016) (20,000 USD) UNDP - Finance fully the cost of a National Seminar on the conservation of the urban heritage of Ilha de Moçambique – Implementing the Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape (23,577 USD). Principal Department for Preservation and Utilization of Cultural Objects of the Ministry of Culture and Sports of Uzbekistan - “Implementation of the UNESCO recommendation on Historic Urban Landscape of World Heritage Properties in Samarkand and Bukhara, Uzbekistan” 18-21 October 2016. The aim of this consultation meeting is to review and update the Vision, Strategic Objectives and Programs of the Historic Cities of Bukhara and Samarkand (2,900 USD)
SCX-2016/BROCHURE/EXECUTIVE BOARD   Amended at the 196th session of the Executive Board (196 EX/Decision 20), this procedure (see Annex I) and framework guidelines apply to the following two conventions and 14 recommendations Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, including a glossary of definitions (10 November 2011)
       
200 EX/33 8 Item 16 Implementation of standard-setting instruments The Director of the Division for Heritage and the World Heritage Centre and the Chief of the Cultural Diversity Section presented the report on normative instruments in the field of culture. The Committee took note of progress made in the implementation of the 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape and 2015 Recommendation concerning the Protection and Promotion of Museums and Collection, their Diversity and their Role in Society.
200 EX/16 PARTIE I & II 48   The General Conference examined progress made in the implementation of the Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape at its 38th session (document 38 C/71). In so doing, it reiterated the importance of this standard-setting instrument for the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, in particular Goal 11 “Sustainable Cities”, and invited Member States to take the measures necessary to ensuring its application and to submit their reports on implementation.
  49   To continue activities launched since the adoption of the Recommendation, the World Heritage Centre has pursued the development of initiatives to promote the historic urban landscape approach and provide technical support to Member States in its implementation. A parallel event at the 40th session of the World Heritage Committee, held in Istanbul from 10 to 20 July 2016, was thus devoted to the issue of safeguarding urban heritage, in particular through the use of the Recommendation
  50   UNESCO’s partners are also continuing to support this effort by developing awarenessraising tools. This is the case in particular for the World Heritage Training and Research Institute for the Asia and the Pacific Region (WHITR-AP), category 2 centre, and the town of Ballarat (Australia), which have published a methodological guide.
  51   This instrument will be a key element in the preparation of the report on the role of culture in sustainable urban development which will be presented by UNESCO at the third United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development (Habitat III) in October 2016.
  52   The Secretariat has started to establish a timetable for the submission by Member States of their reports on the implementation of the Recommendation with a view to the 40th session of the General Conference in 2019.
200 EX/13 PART I + CORR, (A),(B),(C) & -II (+corr) -III -IV 21 37 C/4 Strategic Objectives (7) Proposed thematic areas Protecting and promoting tangible cultural and natural heritage (1972 Convention and the 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape) (SDG targets 4.7, 5.5, 5.c, 6.6, 8.3, 8.9, 11.4, 13.1, 14.5, 14.7, 15)
  232 Programme delivery A Sector-wide shared platform on “Cities, Culture, and Sustainable Development” will provide an opportunity for increasing synergies across the conventions and bringing together the activities of the World Heritage Cities Programme and the Creative Cities Network, as well as the Recommendation on Historic Urban Landscapes, particularly in the context of SDG 11 on safe, sustainable, and resilient cities and Target 11.4 on protecting cultural and natural heritage. The platform will also be the focus for MP IV’s intersectoral engagement on cities.
  236 Proposed main line of action Discharging the statutory functions necessary for the effective and efficient implementation of the 1954, 1970, 1972 and 2001 Conventions, will remain a priority of MLA 1, as well as the promotion and monitoring of the 2011 and 2015 Recommendations on the Historic Urban Landscape and Museums and Collections respectively.
  238 Thematic area 1: Protecting and promoting tangible cultural and natural heritage (1972 Convention and the 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape) (SDGs 4, 5, 6, 8, 11, 13, 14, 15) The informed and sustainable management of the world’s cultural and natural heritage against these threats will be protected and promoted especially by pursuing the goals set out in the World Heritage Strategic Action Plan 2012-2022 and the World Heritage policy on sustainable development adopted in 2015.
  239 Thematic area 1: Protecting and promoting tangible cultural and natural heritage (1972 Convention and the 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape) (SDGs 4, 5, 6, 8, 11, 13, 14, 15) Efforts will continue to enhance the credibility of the 1972 Convention including Tentative Lists, nominations clearly demonstrating outstanding universal value, and decisionmaking by the World Heritage Committee. Ways will be identified to manage the pressures outlined in the recommendations of the External Auditor on the Global Strategy, and the IOS Audit on Working Methods of UNESCO’s Culture Conventions, regarding the need to focus on protection and safeguarding mechanisms.
    ASSESSMENT OF 38 C/5 CULTURE THEMATIC AREAS ACCORDING TO RELEVANCE AND COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE (based on Member States replies to the 39 C/5 questionnaire) Relevance and UNESCO Comparative Advantage CLT 3: Identifying, protecting, monitoring and sustainably managing tangible heritage (1972 Convention and 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape)
  63 ASSESSMENT OF 38 C/5 Overall, the two areas which were assessed by the vast majority of respondents (at least 73%) as highly relevant and in which UNESCO has a strong comparative advantage are those related to the cultural intangible (2003 Convention) and tangible heritage (1972 Convention and 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape).
  67 ASSESSMENT OF 38 C/5 Regarding “Safeguarding the intangible cultural heritage, including indigenous and endangered languages (2003 Convention)” and “Identifying, protecting, monitoring and sustainably managing tangible heritage (1972 Convention and 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape)”, a number of respondents stressed the importance of addressing the disparity between developing and developed countries for both the World Heritage List and the Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity
  78   State Parties to culture conventions should identify and focus on key priorities, and contribute to their financing to bridge the gaps; Result frameworks, an effective monitoring system, results reporting framework, including periodic reports should be defined and/or strengthened; Thematic extrabudgetary programmes could be adjusted, phased out or carried out by partner organizations such as category 2 institutes and centres under the auspices of UNESCO. – Cultural intangible (2003 Convention) and tangible heritage (1972 Convention and 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape)
  60 A few NGOs recommended adjustments and further strengthening of one or more specific areas. Examples include: Shift the current focus on listing mechanisms to more important and long-term conservation, management and safeguarding mechanisms with regard to Tangible heritage (1972 Convention and 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape) and Cultural intangible (2003 Convention);
199 EX/CR/2 REV. 14 PROCEDURES FOR THE EXAMINATION OF REPORTS FROM MEMBER STATES ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF UNESCO’S STANDARD-SETTING INSTRUMENTS It is to be noted that since the adoption of 177 EX/Decision 35 and 34 C/Resolution 87, a specific institutional monitoring mechanism has been provided for the 1970 Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property, as an outcome of the second Meeting of States Parties to the 1970 Convention. Furthermore, the General Conference adopted in 2011 the Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, including a glossary of definitions…. The CR Committee is thus responsible for monitoring the implementation of the following 2 conventions and 14 recommendations:
199 EX/BROCHURE CR 14 PROCEDURES FOR THE EXAMINATION OF REPORTS FROM MEMBER STATES ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF UNESCO’S STANDARD-SETTING INSTRUMENTS It is to be noted that since the adoption of 177 EX/Decision 35 and 34 C/Resolution 87, a specific institutional monitoring mechanism has been provided for the 1970 Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property, as an outcome of the second Meeting of States Parties to the 1970 Convention. Furthermore, the General Conference adopted in 2011 the Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, including a glossary of definitions…. The CR Committee is thus responsible for monitoring the implementation of the following 2 conventions and 14 recommendations:
199 EX/14 PART I - IV 42   The General Conference examined the status of implementation of the Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape at its 38th session (document 38 C/71). It recalled the importance of this standard-setting instrument and its implementation by Member States, in the context of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (particularly Goal 11 “Sustainable cities and communities”), invited Member States to take the necessary measures to implement the Recommendation and encouraged them to submit their reports on its implementation
  43   Following on from activities implemented since the adoption of the 2011 Recommendation, which are reported on in detail in document 38 C/71 and its annex, the World Heritage Centre is continuing to develop initiatives designed to promote the historic urban landscape approach and provide technical support to Member States in the implementation of the Recommendation.
  44   This instrument will be a key element in the preparation of the report on the role of culture in sustainable urban development which will be presented by UNESCO at the third United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development (Habitat III) in October 2016.
  45   The World Heritage Centre has started to establish a timetable for the submission by Member States of their reports on the implementation of the Recommendation with a view to the session of the General Conference in 2019.
199 EX/5.INF REV.+ CORR Action 2.3 Preserving tangible and intangible cultural heritage and promoting culture for island sustainable development. Objective 2 Enhance the capacities of SIDS to safeguard their cultural and natural heritage, including marine and underwater cultural heritage Integrate the holistic approach to cultural heritage preservation, carried by the UNESCO Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape (2011), into the development policies and planning strategies.
199 EX/4 PART I (A-B) + PART II (+ CORR.) + PART III 214 MLA1: Protecting, conserving, promoting and transmitting culture and heritage for dialogue and development The tangible cultural heritage conventions (1954 and its two protocols, 1970, 1972 and 2001) continue to be seen as key instruments. The adoption in 2015 of a new Recommendation on the Protection and Promotion of Museums and Collections, together with the 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, is testimony to the value given by Member States to the Organization’s normative function in the field of culture. However, the tangible heritage conventions have varying levels of ratification: while the 1972 Convention has reached near universality with 191 States Parties, this is not the case for the 1954 (127), 1970 (131), and 2001 (53) Conventions, which suggests that the beneficial provisions of some of these instruments may not be fully understood.
197 EX/SR.1-8 Item 20.IV: DRAFT DECISIONS RECOMMENDED TO THE EXECUTIVE BOARD Draft decision in paragraph 19 of document 197 EX/49 Application of the 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, including a glossary of definitions (197 EX/20 Part IV)
198 EX/9.INF   TENTATIVE LIST OF MATTERS TO BE CONSIDERED BY THE EXECUTIVE BOARD IN 2016-2017 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, including a glossary of definitions (CLT) REFERENCES 195 EX/Dec.15
197 EX/CR/1 PROV. IV   Application of the 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, including a glossary of definitions REFERENCE 195 EX/Dec.15 DOCUMENT 197 EX/20 Part IV
197 EX/49 20. Application of the 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, including a glossary of definitions (197 EX/20 Part IV) In his introduction, the Assistant Director-General for Culture, representative of the DirectorGeneral, specified that this report, contained in document 197 EX/20 Part IV, was based on the outcomes and recommendations of the different activities implemented by UNESCO and its partners since the adoption of the 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, including a glossary of definitions. He explained that the report was structured in a way to reflect the work carried out by the World Heritage Centre in view of having the approach of the 2011 Recommendation supporting the implementation of the World Heritage Convention for the conservation of historic urban ensembles, beyond the World Heritage List. He also underlined the fact that although the application of the historic urban landscape approach focuses on three priority regions (Africa, the Arab States and Latin America and the Caribbean), interesting work was carried out in Asia, with the support of the World Heritage Institute of Training and Research for the Asia and the Pacific Region (category 2 centre), as well as in Europe with the UNITOWN network (network of universities located in cities that have part of their urban space inscribed on the World Heritage List). He further mentioned the development of promotion materials to better explain the principles of the historic urban landscape approach and finally stressed the key role of the 2011 Recommendation in the elaboration of the report on the role of Culture and Heritage in Sustainable Urban Development prepared by UNESCO in the framework of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and to be presented at Habitat III conference in October 2016. To conclude his presentation, the representative of the Director-General stressed the fact that the Recommendation not being included in the Major Programme IV of the 37 C/5, no budget is allocated to follow it.
  21   Four Committee Members and two Observers took the floor. They all welcomed the report and stressed the relevance of this normative instrument, as well as the interest in having it widely used for the conservation of urban ensembles, be there inscribed on the World Heritage List or not. Three Committee Members acknowledged the need to link this Recommendation with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and one of them suggested to reflect that in the draft decision on this item.
  22   Two Committee Members welcomed the close cooperation between UNESCO and the category 2 centres in the application of the Recommendation and called for further efforts in that direction.
  23   Two Committee Members and the two Observers requested more information on the reason why no report was submitted by Members States. They also expressed their wish to see a calendar for the submission of such reports presented.
  24   The representative of the Director-General responded that the application of the Recommendation required further scientific consultations after its adoption due to the complexity of the subject and the need to have all urban heritage stakeholders adhering to it. He explained that the expert meetings held in 2013 in Rio de Janeiro and Paris confirmed the need to clarify the key concepts carried by the Recommendation hence the focus of the World Heritage Centre and its partners on this important aspect of the application of the normative instrument. In terms of reinforcement of the application of the Recommendation with the objective to receive reports from the Member States, the representative of the Director-General explained that the ongoing work carried out by UNESCO with the Report on the role of Culture and Heritage in Sustainable Urban Development is providing a very high visibility to the normative instrument used, the 2011 Recommendation being a major one.
  25   In reply to a question from an observer, the Legal Adviser indicated that following the modifications approved by the Executive Board at its 196th session to the Specific multi-stage procedure for the monitoring of the implementation of UNESCO conventions and recommendations for which no specific institutional mechanism is provided, the Secretariat will submit to the 199th session of the Board the 2016-2017 timetable for submission of Member States’ reports on measures taken to implement the conventions and recommendations for the period under consideration, as provided in the second paragraph of the first stage of this Specific multi-stage procedure.
  26 At the end of the discussions, the Committee decided to recommend the following draft decision to the Executive Board 2. Having examined document 197 EX/20 Part IV presenting the report on the implementation of the Recommendation concerning Historic Urban Landscapes and the report of the Committee on Conventions and Recommendations (CR) thereon (197 EX/49),
197 EX/20 PART I-VIII 38   Implementation of the 2011 Recommendation began in 2011 with a series of workshops in pilot cities, particularly on the east coast of Africa, and continued between 2012 and 2014 in Asia and the Arab States. The World Heritage Centre will continue to implement activities aimed at preparing regional or subregional action plans in 2015 in the three priority regions: Latin America and the Caribbean (two subregional meetings being prepared in Haiti for July 2015 and Quito, Ecuador, for September 2015), the Arab States (a regional conference in Kuwait in December 2015) and Africa (a subregional workshop in Cidade Velha, Cabo Verde, in February 2015). Furthermore, the World Heritage Centre has participated since November 2014 in 197 EX/20 Part I – page 11 a debate, led by a network of European universities located in cities whose historical centre has been totally or partially inscribed on the World Heritage List, on the role that those universities could play in conservation work for the urban areas in question, based on the historic urban landscape approach. Besides promoting the approach in Europe, this initiative has the merit of considering the role of the academic world in the implementation of the Recommendation. The aim of the activities is to convince Member States of the relevance of the historic urban landscapecentred approach and to demonstrate its benefits, not only in the conservation of urban areas inscribed or in the process of being inscribed on the World Heritage List, but also in sustainable urban planning in general.
  39   In compliance with the legal framework adopted by the Executive Board at its 177th session (177 EX/Decision 35 (I)) and the 2014-2017 timetable for the work of the CR Committee on the implementation of standard-setting instruments that the Executive Board is required to monitor (195 EX/Decision 15), the consolidated report on the implementation of the 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, including a glossary of definitions is being submitted to the Executive Board at this session (document 197 EX/20 Part IV) before being transmitted to the General Conference at its 38th session.
  20 APPLICATION OF THE 2011 RECOMMENDATION ON THE HISTORIC URBAN LANDSCAPE, INCLUDING A GLOSSARY OF DEFINITIONS FIRST CONSOLIDATED REPORT
197 EX/20.INF 2C This document, drawn up to give effect to 33 C/Resolution 88, contains the following information Reports on the implementation of standard-setting instruments submitted to the General Conference in 2015. 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, including a glossary of definitions (document 197 EX/20 Part IV – item 20 of the provisional agenda of the 197th session of the Executive Board) B. RECOMMENDATIONS Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, including a glossary of definitions. 10 November 2011.* Of UNESCO’s 32 recommendations, the Executive Board is responsible for monitoring this recommendation.
197 EX/4.INF.2 Annex II LIST OF DONATIONS AND SPECIAL CONTRIBUTIONS RECEIVED DURING JANUARY-JUNE 2015 Mexico - Municipalities of San Miguel de Allende and Guanajuato. Methodology for the Declaration on the Conservation of the Historic Urban Landscape in San Miguel de Allende, Guanajuato, México (140,703 USD)
197 EX/1 PROV.REV.   MATTERS RELATING TO NORMS, STATUTES AND REGULATIONS Application of the 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, including a glossary of definitions REFERENCES 195 EX/Dec.15 DOCUMENT 197 EX/20 Part IV
197 EX/DECISIONS IV Application of the 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, including a glossary of definitions The Executive Board, 1. Recalling 177 EX/Decision 35 (I), 195 EX/Decision 15 and 196 EX/Decision 20, 2. Having examined document 197 EX/20 Part IV containing the report on the implementation of the Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, and the report of the Committee on Conventions and Recommendations (CR) thereon, 3. Recalls that the submission by Member States of periodic reports on the implementation of recommendations adopted by the General Conference is an obligation under Article VIII of UNESCO’s Constitution and Article 17 of the Rules of Procedure concerning recommendations to Member States and international conventions covered by the terms of Article IV, paragraph 4, of the Constitution; 4. Encourages Member States to submit their reports on the application of the Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape; 5. Also recalls that the periodic consultation of Member States on the implementation of the Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape is intended to enable the Organization to assess both the extent to which Member States are implementing that instrument, and the obstacles that they encounter; 6. Reaffirms the importance of the Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape and of its implementation by Member States, in the context of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development; 7. Invites Member States, particularly those from the three priority regions (Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean and the Arab States), to support the Secretariat’s efforts to implement the Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, notably by hosting technical meetings, workshops and conferences on the implementation of the approach conveyed by the standard-setting instrument; 8. Recommends that the General Conference invite those Member States that have not taken measures to implement the Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape to do so, and to provide the required reports thereon; 9. Invites the Director-General to transmit to the General Conference, at its 38th session, the consolidated report on the measures taken by Member States to implement the Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, together with the Executive Board’s observations thereon, and any observations or comments that the DirectorGeneral may wish to make.
196 EX/28.INF.2   Provisional list of matters to be examined by the Executive Board at its 197th session MATTERS RELATING TO NORMS, STATUTES AND REGULATIONS Application of the 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, including a glossary of definitions, 195 EX/Dec.15
196 EX/19 PART I, II, III & IV 36 Item 19 of the provisional agenda IMPLEMENTATION OF STANDARD-SETTING INSTRUMENTS In the light of the foregoing, the Executive Board may wish to adopt a decision along the following lines: The Executive Board, 1. Recalling 15 C/Resolution 12.2, 23 C/Resolution 29.1, 165 EX/Decision 6.2, 32 C/Resolution 77, 170 EX/Decision 6.2, 171 EX/Decision 27, 174 EX/Decision 21, 175 EX/Decision 28, 176 EX/Decision 33, 177 EX/Decision 35 (I) and (II), 34 C/Resolution 87, 180 EX/Decision 31, 181 EX/Decision 27, 182 EX/Decision 31, 184 EX/Decision 20, 185 EX/Decision 23 (I), 186 EX/Decision 19 (I), 187 EX/Decision 20 (I), 189 EX/Decision 13 (I), 190 EX/Decision 24 (I), 191 EX/Decision 20 (I), 192 EX/Decision 20 (I), 194 EX/Decision 21 and 195 EX/Decision 15 relating to the first aspect of the terms of reference of the Committee on Conventions and Recommendations (CR), which concerns the implementation of standard-setting instruments, 2. Having examined document 196 EX/19 Part I and the report of the Committee on Conventions and Recommendations thereon (196 EX/..), 3. Urges Member States, once again, to fulfil their legal obligations under Article VIII of the Constitution of UNESCO regarding periodic reports on the action taken to give effect to the conventions and recommendations; 4. Requests the Director-General to ensure the implementation of the legal framework for the enforcement of standard-setting instruments, adopted at its 177th session, by the programme sectors and the UNESCO Institute of Statistics (UIS), which have responsibility for the conventions and recommendations monitored by the Committee on Conventions and Recommendations; 5. Decides to continue consideration of the matter at its 197th session.
196 EX/5 PART I + ADD + PART II-V + PART III Corr. + PART V ADD.   Item 5 of the provisional agenda FOLLOW-UP TO DECISIONS AND RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED BY THE EXECUTIVE BOARD AND THE GENERAL CONFERENCE AT THEIR PREVIOUS SESSIONS PRIORITY 3 - Main Actions: Integrate the holistic approach to cultural heritage preservation, carried by the UNESCO Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape (2011), into the development policies and planning strategies.
196 EX/4.INF.2   BUDGETARY SITUATION OF THE ORGANIZATION FOR 2014-2015 (37 C/5) AS AT 31 DECEMBER 2014 (UNAUDITED), BUDGET ADJUSTMENTS ARISING FROM DONATIONS AND SPECIAL CONTRIBUTIONS RECEIVED Mexico - Local Government, Methodology for the Declaration on the Conservation of Historic Urban Landscapes (40,000 USD) Italy - University of Ferrara - Mission to participate in the International Workshop "A European Programme to apply UNESCO Historic Urban Landscape Principles to University Cities", organized by the Unitown-University Town Network of the University of Ferrara (Ferrara, Italy, 19 December 2014) (380 USD) World Heritage Institute of Training and Research for Asia and the Pacific Region (WHITRAP), Government of the People's Republic of China, Category 2 Centre, International Symposium & Training Course on the Historic Urban Landscape (Shanghai, China, 9-11 December 2014) (60,000 USD).
195 EX/37 10 Item 15 Implementation of standard-setting instruments – General monitoring (195 EX/15) The Deputy Director of the Culture Sector’s Division for Heritage subsequently recalled that the 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape was a useful tool for urban conservation, particularly for urban areas on the World Heritage List. The World Heritage Committee also encouraged the States Parties to the 1972 Convention for the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage to integrate the concept of the historic urban landscape in their nominations and in the formulation of management plans for sites nominated for inclusion in the World Heritage List. In September 2013, the World Heritage Centre, in collaboration with the National Historic and Artistic Heritage Institute of Brazil and the Regional Heritage Management Training Centre “Lucio Costa Centre” (category 2 centre), held an international expert meeting to discuss ways to include the methodological approach relating to the Recommendation in the Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention. In December 2013, the World Heritage Centre held a meeting to discuss the implementation of the Recommendation. The meeting, attended by 36 experts, led to the adoption of a plan of action calling for the establishment of partnerships with other institutions and organizations to promote the Recommendation worldwide. Three priority regions were identified for the implementation of the Recommendation in the coming years: Africa, the Arab States and Latin America and the Caribbean. Member States, particularly those of the three priority regions, were invited to support the efforts of the World Heritage Centre to promote the implementation of the Recommendation, including hosting technical meetings, workshops and conferences on the scope and application of the instrument.
195 EX/15 47 Item 15 of the provisional agenda IMPLEMENTATION OF STANDARD-SETTING INSTRUMENTS GENERAL MONITORING Implementation of the 2011 Recommendation was launched in 2011 with a series of workshops in pilot cities, particularly on the east coast of Africa, and continued between 2012 and 2014 in Asia and the Arab States. A full list of the workshops, with an evaluation of the results obtained and challenges, has been posted online on the CR website. Regional action plans should be implemented in 2014 and 2015. The aim is to convince Member States of the relevance of an approach centred on the historic urban landscape and to demonstrate its benefit in the conservation of urban areas that are, or are in the process of being inscribed on the World Heritage List.
  48   An international expert meeting on including the methodological approach relating to the Recommendation in the Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention was held at Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) from 3 to 5 September 2013. The objective of the meeting was to review the relevant texts and to promote a better understanding of the Recommendation as a UNESCO standard-setting instrument, enabling better integration of cultural heritage conservation in development policies.
  49   A brainstorming meeting on the implementation of the Recommendation, two years after its adoption, was held at UNESCO Headquarters on 13 December 2013. Several experts who participated in drafting the text of the Recommendation and/or who have applied the approach that it advocates since 2011 attended the meeting.
  50   The results of the two meetings were submitted to the World Heritage Committee at its 38th session, held in Doha in June 2014. The Committee took note of the report of the international meeting held in Rio de Janeiro and [here to end, from decision] decided to examine the proposals contained in the report within the framework of the revision of the Operational Guidelines at its 39th session, in 2015.
194 EX/CR/2 14 Procedures for the examination of reports from Member States on the implementation of UNESCO’s standard-setting instruments It is to be noted that since the adoption of 177 EX/Decision 35 and 34 C/Resolution 87, the General Conference adopted in 2011 the Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, including a glossary of definitions.
194 EX/BROCHURE CR 14   It is to be noted that since the adoption of 177 EX/Decision 35 and 34 C/ Resolution 87, the General Conference adopted in 2011 the Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, including a glossary of definitions.
194 EX/21 32 Item 21 of the provisional agenda IMPLEMENTATION OF STANDARD-SETTING INSTRUMENTS Implementation of the Recommendation was launched in 2011 with a series of workshops in pilot cities, particularly on the east coast of Africa, and continued in 2012 and 2013 in Asia and the Arab States. Regional action plans should be implemented in 2014 and 2015. The aim is to convince Member States of the relevance of an approach centred on the historic urban landscape and to demonstrate its benefit in the conservation of urban areas that are, or are in the process of being inscribed on the World Heritage List.
  33   An international expert meeting on including the methodological approach relating to the Recommendation in the Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention was held at Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) from 3 to 5 September 2013. The objective of the meeting was to review the relevant texts and to promote a better understanding of the Recommendation as a UNESCO standard-setting instrument, enabling better integration of cultural heritage conservation in development policies. A brainstorming meeting on the implementation of the Recommendation, two years after its adoption, was held at UNESCO Headquarters on 13 December 2013. Several experts who participated in drafting the text of the Recommendation and/or who have applied the approach that it advocates since 2011 attended the meeting.
  34   The results of the two meetings will be submitted to the World Heritage Committee at its 38th session in June 2014. The consolidated report on the implementation of this Recommendation will be examined by the Executive Board at its 197th session (autumn 2015) and then by the General Conference at its 38th session in 2015.
194 EX/4 PART I A (+ Add.Rev.2), II, III, IV (+ ADD.) + ADD 2 766 IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROGRAMME AND BUDGET AND RESULTS ACHIEVED IN THE PREVIOUS BIENNIUM (2012-2013 – 36 C/5) (DRAFT 38 C/3) The publication of the two volumes showcasing the Bethlehem Area Conservation and Management Plan as a model plan for safeguarding Palestinian Historic Urban Landscapes was finalized and is being distributed.
  935   Within the framework of the Recommendation for the Historic Urban Landscape, UNESCO has also been working closely with the authorities and civil society institutions in developing measures to enhance the protection of historic Yangon.
  1063   Promoting culture-led development and capacity building of the government has been the main focus for 2012-2013. Rural communities and vulnerable groups in Baluchistan and South Punjab have been engaged in creative industries. This action contributed to the achievement of MDG1 (poverty reduction) and MDG3 (women empowerment). Teachers have shown improved capacity in heritage education; their engagement for the promotion of the cultural diversity went through the incorporation of local ICH practices into teaching and learning. The important role of urban heritage as a source of social cohesion, creativity and innovation has been upheld through the implementation of a Historic Urban landscape project in the city of Rawalpindi.
194 EX/4.INF.2   BUDGETARY SITUATION OF THE ORGANIZATION FOR THE 2012-2013 REGULAR BUDGET (36 C/5) AS AT 31 DECEMBER 2013 (UNAUDITED), BUDGET ADJUSTMENTS ARISING FROM DONATIONS AND SPECIAL CONTRIBUTIONS RECEIVED The National Historical and Artistic Heritage Institute (IPHAN), Ministry of Culture of Brazil’ International World Heritage Expert Meeting on the Mainstreaming of the methodological approach related to the Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape in the Operational Guidelines (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 3 to 5 September 2013): Costs relating to the participation of 26 experts from different regions (travel and accommodation) + meals and local transportation for all 45 participants (58 750USD)
192 EX/20.INF D Item 20 of the provisional agenda IMPLEMENTATION OF STANDARD-SETTING INSTRUMENTS Reports on the implementation of standard-setting instruments submitted to the General Conference in 2015: 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, including a glossary of definitions
192 EX/4 PART I (A,B)-IV + PART III ADD+ ADD.2   Item 4 of the provisional agenda REPORT BY THE DIRECTOR-GENERAL ON THE EXECUTION OF THE PROGRAMME ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL CONFERENCE MLA 1: Protecting and conserving cultural an nature heritage through the effective implementation of the 1972 Convention Expected result 2: Contribution of World Heritage properties to sustainable development enhanced: Activities have been launched to promote the implementation of the Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape and demonstrate its potential in developing urban development policies at the local level.
192 EX/4.INF.2   Item 4 of the provisional agenda EXECUTION OF THE PROGRAMME ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL CONFERENCE Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, Project development and fundraising for Historic Landscape to the Heritage based Urban Regeneration in Ng'ambo as part of the World Heritage site, (2 307 USD)
191 EX/NGP/2   APPLICATION OF THE DIRECTIVES CONCERNING UNESCO’s PARTNERSHIP WITH NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS AND THE DIRECTIVES CONCERNING UNESCO’s PARTNERSHIP WITH FOUNDATIONS AND SIMILAR INSTITUTIONS Cooperation with UNESCO: The Indian Heritage Cities Network (IHCN) was originally founded as a UNESCO programme by UNESCO New Delhi in 2006. The Foundation was established in 2009 as an independent body with the aim to continuing managing the programme. Thus, the purpose and activities of IHCN-F are in line with UNESCO’s mandate in the field of culture: protection of cultural and natural heritage, safeguard of the intangible cultural heritage, protection and promotion of the diversity of cultural expressions and the new Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape adopted by the General Conference in 2011. Areas for future collaboration include: (i) City-to-city partnership between Europe and Indian cities; (ii) Technical assistance in the development of policy, legislation, urban planning; (iii) Dissemination and sharing of knowledge and good practices of the cities of India; (iv) International and national partnership for cities and relevant institution; (v) Training and certification of masons for historical building; (vi) Database of national resource persons in the area of heritage management.
191 EX/AHPG.INF 202 REPORT OF THE AD HOC PREPARATORY GROUP 21 – 26 MARCH 2013 A few delegates sought clarifications on the operational translation of certain programmes in the Draft 37 C/5 document, notably the Historic Urban Landscape Recommendation vis-à-vis the Creative Cities Network, and on efforts to monitor and assess the intentional destruction and damage to cultural heritage. In this regard, one delegate observed that a reference to the 2003 UNESCO Declaration concerning the Intentional Destruction of Cultural Heritage should be included in the proposed text, and one delegate underlined the necessity to add a reference to the 2001 Underwater Cultural Heritage Convention to the list of instruments cited. The representative of the Director-General provided clarification on the place of the Historic Urban Landscape Recommendation in the context of the Creative Cities Network programme, confirming that this network was not focused on heritage conservation, but adding that the Sector had attempted to offer a more integrated approach throughout the programme. The representative of the DirectorGeneral confirmed the importance given to the Seoul Agenda on Arts Education in Strategic Objective 8 on creativity, the operational translation of the approach proposed to assess the intentional destruction and damage to cultural heritage in Draft 37 C/5, and the inclusion of references to the 2003 UNESCO Declaration concerning the Intentional Destruction of Cultural Heritage and to the 2001 Underwater Cultural Heritage Convention.
  266   A delegate wished to receive confirmation that the Historic Urban Landscape Recommendation featured in Draft 37 C/4 document was included in the proposed Major Programme IV. A question was raised as to why the previous recommendation on the same subject was not included in bit documents, especially given that the two recommendations complement each other. The representative of the Director-General confirmed the inclusion of the Historic Urban Landscape Recommendation in Major Programme IV and confirmed that he would add the other Recommendation on Landscapes as well.
191 EX/4 PART I (A) (B only in Eng)+ PART I ADD.REV. (Eng) & PART II   REPORT BY THE DIRECTOR-GENERAL ON THE EXECUTION OF THE PROGRAMME ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL CONFERENCE Expected Result 20: Heritage promoted as a vector of dialogue, cooperation and mutual understanding, especially in post-conflict countries as a specific component of broader initiatives to promote innovative and creative approaches to culture as a bridge to sustainable social, economic and human development. In the context of the initiative “Culture: A Bridge to Development”, a first sub-regional “Balkan Bridges Speak” event was organized in Edirne, Turkey (24-25 November 2012). Round tables were organized on the implementation of the 2005 and 1970 Conventions and on the Historic Urban Landscape Recommendation, promoting exchanges on issues of common interests among intellectual writers from the region, government officials, local authorities, experts and the private sector.
  451   The publication of the two volumes showcasing the Bethlehem Area Conservation and Management Plan as a model plan for safeguarding Palestinian Historic Urban Landscapes was finalized;
191 EX/4.INF   MANAGEMENT CHART FOR PROGRAMME EXECUTION IN 2012-2013 (36 C/5 APPROVED) STATUS AS AT 31 DECEMBER 2012 (NON-AUDITED) Embassy of The Netherlands in the United Republic of Tanzania, Project Development of European Union Proposal: Historic Urban Landscape- An Integrative Approach to Heritage- based Urban Regeneration in Ng'ambo as part of the World Heritage Site "Stone Town of Zanzibar" (22 021 USD)
190 EX/38 11 IMPLEMENTATION OF 36 C/RESOLUTION 81 AND 189 EX/DECISION 19 CONCERNING EDUCATIONAL AND CULTURAL INSTITUTIONS IN THE OCCUPIED ARAB TERRITORIES Within the framework of the MDG-Fund, the Sebastiya Integrated Conservation and Management Plan on the protection of archaeological sites and features, as well as integrating historic urban fabric and cultural landscape, has been finalized in June 2012.
190 EX/5 PART I- IV+ ADD.(PART I, PART III-IV) + ADD.2 (PART III) 4b REPORT BY THE DIRECTOR-GENERAL ON THE FOLLOW-UP TO DECISIONS AND RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED BY THE EXECUTIVE BOARD AND THE GENERAL CONFERENCE AT THEIR PREVIOUS SESSIONS The UNESCO Project Office in Libya and the World Bank are engaged in preliminary discussions with a view to coordinating and/or cooperating on joint projects regarding urban cultural heritage and the UNESCO Historic Urban Landscapes Recommendation (HUL), in collaboration with the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Division of the World Bank;
  4c   The World Bank plans to implement a two-year demonstration urban management programme (estimated budget: US$1,250,000) in three historic cities in India to integrate culture and heritage through the UNESCO Historic Urban Landscape Recommendation approach. It is the first phase of a US$2 billion urban development project financed by a World Bank-India funds-in-trust to be developed in cooperation with UNESCO New Delhi under the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM). The programme is designed to define a set of sustainable planning, civic engagement and financial tools aimed at ensuring the sustainability of the conservation process. The modalities of the UNESCO – World Bank cooperation are under discussion.
189 EX/SR.1-7 56.12 Summary records The General Conference also drew new lines for our work. It adopted a Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape.
189 EX/NGP/2 + CORR. (Eng. only) 26 IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NEW DIRECTIVES CONCERNING UNESCO’s PARTNERSHIP WITH NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS ICOMOS Cooperation with UNESCO: It also cooperated with UNESCO on a number of other Conventions including 1954, 2001 and 2003 Conventions and participated in reflections on other standard setting instruments including the 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape.
  61   UIA Cooperation with UNESCO: Since 2004, the UNESCO World Heritage Centre has cooperated closely with IUA, particularly under the World Heritage Cities Programme. IUA was an active member of the working group that compiled the UNESCO recommendation on the historic urban landscape that was finalized by the UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Moreover, the President of IUA played an important role during the intergovernmental meeting (category II) held at UNESCO Headquarters in May 2011, which drafted the text of the UNESCO Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, subsequently adopted by the UNESCO General Conference at its 36th session (2011). IUA could play a major role in implementing the Recommendation through its extensive worldwide network of members. UIA also participates in the external panel of evaluation for candidate cities of the UNESCO Creative Cities Network in the field of design.
189 EX/INF.12   Address by Ms Irina Bokova, It adopted a Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscapes.
189 EX/19   IMPLEMENTATION OF 36 C/RESOLUTION 81 and 187 EX/DECISION 41 CONCERNING EDUCATIONAL AND CULTURAL INSTITUTIONS IN THE OCCUPIED ARAB TERRITORIES  
GBS/EX/2011/SCH/38   35th session of the World Heritage Committee Inaugural Meeting Address by H. E. Ms Eleonora Valentinovna Mitrofanova Another topic discussed by the Board is the Draft Recommendation on the Conservation of the Historic Urban Landscape. This was based on 4 important discussions in this Committee which led to the Vienna Memorandum (2005) and the subsequent Decisions of the Convention’s Governing Bodies. The aim of this instrument is to provide guidance in relation to new challenges to urban heritage conservation and management. Regarding this issue, I am pleased to inform you that based on Board’s decision taken previously, a meeting of experts took place at UNESCO Headquarters last month in the light of the comments received from Member States and resulted in the adoption of the Draft Recommendation, which will now be submitted to the General Conference in October this year for approval.
187 EX/INF.4   Comprehensive report by the Director-General on UNESCO’s standard-setting instruments 2A: Draft standard-setting instruments whose adoption is planned for 2011 Possible recommendation on the conservation of historic urban landscapes (36 C/23 – item 8.1 of the provisional agenda of the 36th session of the General Conference).
187 EX/23 6 PRELIMINARY STUDY ON THE TECHNICAL AND LEGAL ASPECTS RELATING TO THE DESIRABILITY OF A STANDARD-SETTING INSTRUMENT CONCERNING HERITAGE PRESERVATION AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF TOURISM III. Impacts of tourism: opportunities and challenges Impacts on preservation of heritage values of the cultural and natural heritage. Heritage values can benefit from, but can also be threatened by tourism related activities. Likewise, the success of tourism is coupled with the pressures related to the volumes of tourists growing exponentially, the services and infrastructures required to accommodate their needs at an escalating number of the most renowned natural and cultural heritage sites, museums and historic urban landscapes, landscapes, biosphere reserves and protected areas. The degradation of heritage values – or damage to the natural, tangible and intangible heritage and “sense of place” – constitutes an irremediable loss for humanity and future generations, as well as an economic loss linked to the global competition between destinations as the attractiveness of these heritage values decreases.
186 EX/INF.6   REPORT BY THE DIRECTOR-GENERAL AS AT 31 DECEMBER 2010 ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE EXTERNAL AUDITOR AND HIS COMMENTS THEREON Recommendation implemented WHC has strengthened its cooperation with the other United Nations agencies, especially in relation to the historic urban landscape, biodiversity, etc. To illustrate these examples: UN-Habitat, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) contributed to the drafting of the new UNESCO recommendation on the historic urban landscape.
186 EX/42 3bi: DRAFT MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING BETWEEN UNESCO AND THE INTERNATIONAL BANK FOR RECONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT (IRBD), AND THE INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION (IDA) 3. FRAMEWORK FOR COLLABORATION historic cities preservation and rehabilitation: this would include the joint identification of scenarios to further promote historic cities and the historic urban landscape agenda in priority regions of the developing world, as well as collaboration in the early identification of investment operations by the World Bank and of technical assistance programmes by UNESCO
186 EX/22 PART I-III + PART I ADD. & ADD. 2 + PART II ADD 8.1 PREPARATION OF THE PROVISIONAL AGENDA OF THE 36th SESSION OF THE GENERAL CONFERENCE Proposals concerning the desirability of a standard-setting instrument on historic urban landscapes In 35 C/Resolution 42, the General Conference set forth the procedure for the elaboration of a preliminary draft recommendation and invited the Director-General to submit a final report and, if appropriate, a revised draft to the General Conference at its 36th session. Decision required: the General Conference is invited to take a decision on the proposals presented in document 36 C/23.
186 EX/21 6 Other bodies have adopted the following legal instruments, conventions, declarations and charters which cover parts of landscapes or specific areas: 2005 Declaration on the conservation of Historic Urban Landscapes (15th General Assembly of States Parties to the World Heritage Convention, 2005).
  Annex RESOLUTION IFLA 47TH WORLD CONGRESS, SUZHOU, CHINA FROM 28-30 MAY 2010 Noting major efforts by agencies of the United Nations, the Council of Europe as well as increasing demand by civil society, associations and NGOs on the enhancement of landscapes and landscape settings and taking into account the leadership provided by UNESCO on the conservation of cultural landscapes and the preparation of a historic urban landscape recommendation,
186 EX/20 6 PRELIMINARY STUDY ON THE TECHNICAL AND LEGAL ASPECTS RELATING TO THE DESIRABILITY OF A STANDARD-SETTING INSTRUMENT CONCERNING HERITAGE PRESERVATION AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF TOURISM III. IMPACTS OF TOURISM: OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES Heritage values can benefit from, but can also be threatened by tourism-related activities. Likewise, the success of tourism is coupled with the pressures related to the volumes of tourists growing exponentially, the services and infrastructures required to accommodate their needs at an escalating number of the most renowned natural and cultural heritage sites, museums and historic urban landscapes, landscapes, biosphere reserves and protected areas.
186 EX/14 PART II-IX 3 REPORT BY THE DIRECTOR-GENERAL ON THE FEASIBILITY OF ESTABLISHING CATEGORY 2 INSTITUTES AND CENTRES UNDER THE AUSPICES OF UNESCO The Government of Italy proposed the establishment of an International Research Centre on the Economics of Culture and World Heritage Studies in Turin (hereinafter “the proposed Centre”) to reinforce the implementation of the World Heritage Convention and its strategic programme objectives, the priorities of UNESCO’s Culture Sector related to the economics of culture, the study of the impacts of culture on development and the Historic Urban Landscape initiative.
    III. Objectives and functions of the proposed Centre The proposed Centre would act as a shared platform for training and research activities, exchange and share of experiences and practices, among the various academic and educational actors working in the field of the economics of culture and the management of UNESCO World Heritage properties. The Centre would serve as a high-level applied research platform for urban environment policies and activities undertaken by the Culture Sector of UNESCO and the World Heritage Centre in the framework of the Historic Urban Landscape initiative.
  27 The global relevance and impact of the proposed Centre The work of the Centre is expected to result in the improvement in the implementation of the World Heritage Convention with special focus on the management of World Heritage properties and of cultural resources and in the fulfilment of the specific Culture Sector strategies in the field of culture and development and of the Historic Urban Landscape initiative at the international level.
186 EX/4 PART I-II + PART I ADD. (Eng, Fre only) + PART II CORR. 882 REPORT BY THE DIRECTOR-GENERAL ON THE EXECUTION OF THE PROGRAMME ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL CONFERENCE New partners were identified to support UNESCO actions and the UNESCO Montevideo Culture Sector was invited to bring technical support on the analysis of the state of the arts of cultural heritage conservation and clarify its challenges, emphasizing the links between tangible and intangible heritage and the concept of historic urban landscape that will be debated during the next session of the General Conference of UNESCO. The Sector could rely on the support of Basque Government cooperation, European Union and the Municipality of Vitoria (Spain), and activities of follow-up will be organized in 2011 and 2012 in the sub region, in order to foster exchange of knowledge and experience accumulated in Europe and support urban policy and revitalization of the Historical Centres of Montevideo and Buenos Aires.
185 EX/SR.1-10 46 ORGANIZATIONAL AND PROCEDURAL MATTERS 46 “Invitations to the Intergovernmental Meeting of Experts (category II) related to a draft recommendation on the conservation of the historic urban landscape”, had been proposed by the Director-General and examined by the Bureau. In addition, Part I of item 1
185 EX/46   INVITATIONS TO THE INTERGOVERNMENTAL MEETING OF EXPERTS (CATEGORY II) RELATED TO A DRAFT RECOMMENDATION ON THE CONSERVATION OF THE HISTORIC URBAN LANDSCAPE Draft Decision of the Recommendation
    (c) Palestine (Article 7B of the Regulations) Under Article 7B of the Regulations, the Executive Board shall invite Palestine to send an observer to the intergovernmental meeting (category II) convened to draw up a draft recommendation on the conservation of the Historic Urban Landscape.
185 EX/17 PART I-II + PART I ADD. (A, B, C) + PART I CORR 66 Biennial sectoral priority 2 (BSP 2): Advocating for the inclusion of culture and intercultural dialogue in development policies to foster a culture of peace The second biennial priority will focus on harnessing the linkages between culture and development within the international arena by demonstrating their relevance in aid effectiveness policies and mechanisms as an economic and social driver to promote intercultural dialogue through innovation and creativity in today’s globalized societies. Action will build on initiatives initiated in the last biennium highlighting the role of cities in cultural and economic development as well as for dialogue among cultures. Efforts will be focused on advancing the implementation of the UNESCO Recommendation on Historic Urban Landscapes and related ongoing work on Historic Urban Centres. This will include a focus on the arts and creativity, as well as tourism as vectors for dialogue, exchange and the rapprochement of cultures. It will also highlight the role of cities for economic and social development, in close cooperation with MP III, and include flagship projects promoting intercultural dialogue, such as the Slave Route project and the pedagogical use of UNESCO General Histories
185 EX/2 + ADD   INVITATIONS TO THE INTERGOVERNMENTAL MEETING OF EXPERTS (CATEGORY II) RELATED TO A DRAFT RECOMMENDATION ON THE CONSERVATION OF THE HISTORIC URBAN LANDSCAPE (185 EX/46) The Executive Board, 1. Recalling 35 C/Resolution 42, by which the General Conference invited the DirectorGeneral to submit a preliminary report setting forth the position with regard to the conservation of the Historic Urban Landscape, and to convene an intergovernmental meeting of experts (category II) to reconsider the draft of the Recommendation on the conservation of the Historic Urban Landscape that was sent to Member States in the light of the comments received, and to submit a final report and, if appropriate, a revised draft for consideration by the General Conference at its 36th session (2011), 2. Having examined document 185 EX/46, 3. Decides: (a) that invitations to participate in the Meeting of Experts to reconsider the draft Recommendation on the conservation of the Historic Urban Landscape in the light of the comments received by Member States, will be sent to all Member States and Associate Members of UNESCO; (b) that invitations to send observers to the Meeting of Experts will be sent to the organizations of the United Nations system with which UNESCO has concluded mutual representation agreements and which are listed in paragraph (d) of the annex of document 185 EX/46; (c) that an invitation to send an observer, as defined above, will be sent to Palestine, as mentioned in paragraph (c) of the annex to document 185 EX/46; (d) that invitations to send observers to the Meeting of Experts will be sent to the organizations, foundations and institutions listed in paragraphs (e), (f), (g), (h), (i), (j) of the annex of document 185 EX/46; (e) that the Director-General is authorized to send out any other invitations she may deem useful for advancing the work of the above-mentioned intergovernmental meeting (category II), notifying the Executive Board thereof.
185 EX/1 + ADD.   Invitations to the Intergovernmental Meeting of Experts (category II) related to a draft recommendation on the conservation of the historic urban landscape REFERENCE: Item proposed by the Director-General DOCUMENT: 185 EX/46
185 EX/DECISIONS 46 DECISIONS ADOPTED BY THE EXECUTIVE BOARD AT ITS 185th SESSION Invitations to the Intergovernmental Meeting of Experts (category II) related to a draft recommendation on the conservation of the historic urban landscape (185 EX/46). The Executive Board, 1. Recalling 35 C/Resolution 42, by which the General Conference invited the DirectorGeneral to submit a preliminary report setting forth the position with regard to the conservation of the historic urban landscape, to convene an intergovernmental meeting of experts (category II) to reconsider the draft recommendation on the conservation of the historic urban landscape that was sent to Member States in the light of the comments received and to submit a final report and, if appropriate, a revised draft for consideration by the General Conference at its 36th session (2011), 2. Having examined document 185 EX/46, 3. Decides: (a) that invitations to participate in the Meeting of Experts to reconsider the draft recommendation on the conservation of the historic urban landscape in the light of the comments received from Member States will be sent to all Member States and Associate Members of UNESCO; (b) that invitations to send observers to the Meeting of Experts will be sent to the organizations of the United Nations system with which UNESCO has concluded mutual representation agreements and which are listed in paragraph (d) of the annex to document 185 EX/46; (c) that an invitation to send an observer, as defined above, will be sent to Palestine, as mentioned in paragraph (c) of the annex to document 185 EX/46; (d) that invitations to send observers to the Meeting of Experts will be sent to the organizations, foundations and institutions listed in paragraphs (e), (f), (g), (h), (i), (j) of the annex to document 185 EX/46; 4. Authorizes the Director-General to send out any other invitations that she may deem useful for advancing the work of the above-mentioned intergovernmental meeting (category II), notifying the Executive Board thereof.
184 EX/SR.1-9 12.23 Summary records Concerning the time frame for the elaboration of the new recommendation on the historic urban landscape, the Assistant Director-General for Culture confirmed that the process was under way and on schedule for the presentation of a text for adoption by the General Conference in 2011.


World Heritage Committee Decisions

41st Session of the World Heritage Committee, Krakow, Poland
Decisions Concerning Urban Heritage

Reporting

First Consolidated Report (2015)

This document contains an overall report on the conventions and recommendations of UNESCO that the Committee on Conventions and Recommendations is required to monitor, and an analysis of specific measures adopted by the Secretariat within the framework of the monitoring of the implementation of standard-setting instruments and the difficulties encountered for each of the instruments, since the 195th session of the Board.


Download the Report

Second Consolidated Report (2019)

The Second Consolidated Report will be published in 2019.

UNESCO Historic Urban Landscape Recommendation (2011) and
The New Urban Agenda (UN-Habitat)

Urban heritage, including its tangible and intangible components, constitutes a key resource in enhancing the liveability of urban areas, and fosters economic development and social cohesion in a changing global environment. As the future of humanity hinges on the effective planning and management of resources, conservation has become a strategy to achieve a balance between urban growth and quality of life on a sustainable basis.

Sustainable Development Target 11.4 highlights the importance cultural and natural heritage for making safe and resilient cities and the New Urban Agenda (UN-Habitat) underlines the need for integrated approaches to urban sustainability.

The Historic Urban Landscape approach addresses the policy, governance and management concerns involving a variety of stakeholders, including local, national, regional, international, public and private actors in the urban development process. Having one foot on the Sustainable Development Goal, Target 11.4, and the other on the New Urban Agenda (UN-Habitat), the UNESCO Historic Urban Landscape Recommendation, addresses relevant urban issues for the historic urban areas. The interlinkages to the Sustainable Development Goals, the New Urban Agenda (UN-Habitat) and the UNESCO’s Culture Conventions are important to designate, for which this matrix displays the contribution of the Historic Urban Landscape Recommendation in defining the role of culture for sustainable development. It also enables a structured perspective towards reporting processes

Connections between the New Urban Agenda and the HUL Recommendation
Theme NUA SDGs HUL HUL A. Plan 1972 Convention 2005 Convention 2003 Convention 1954 Convention
Public Space 37 Goal 11.7 Article 2
Article 24b
         
Ending Poverty 14a, 25 Goal 1 Article 2          
Role of National and Local Government 15b, c.i, 21, 29, 47,48, 75,
81, 82, 87, 90, 118
Goal 17 Article 6
Article
22b/d
Article23
Article 26‐
30
Article 2, 6 Article 5
Article 6
Article 7
Article 10
Article 2.4    
Heritage 38, 45, 60, 125 Goal 11.4 Article 3
Article 4
Article 7
Article 8
Article 10
  Article 4
Article 5
Article 7
  Article 1  
Leverage as key for sustainable city 22, 53 Goal 3
Goal 11
Article 1
Article 5
Article 11
         
Discrimination, Migration, Developing Countries 20, 28, 40, 57, 84 Goal 11.c
Goal 11.5
Article 12     Article 1
Article
7.1.a
   
Territorial Development 50 Goal 11
Goal 17
Article 13          
Urban Planning 51, 52, 96, 97 Goal 11.a Article 5
Article 17
Article 21
Article 24b
Article 4, 5 Article 5      
Sustainable Economic Growth 13d, 14b, 43‐45,
56, 60, 62
Goal 8, Goal 10 Article 18
Article 24d
      Article 116  
Resilience & Disaster 67 Goal 13 Article 2
Article 19
Article 20
  Article 21      
Environment, Ecosystem 13h, 13g, 14c, 55, 63‐69,
71, 73‐76, 79, 80, 101,
119
Target 11.5
Target 11.6
Article 2
Article 19
Article 20
Article 3        
Armed Conflict 30   Article 20   Article 11     Article 2
Adequate Housing and Living Standards 31‐35,
46, 54, 55, 77, 105‐108,
111, 112, 120
Target 11.1 Article 2          
Safe & accesible urban city 100 Goal 11            
Community Involvement 97, 38, 149   Article 24a Article 2 Article 5a
Article 10
     
Research, Information, Communication 148   Article 26
Article 27
Article 1 Article 5c/e
Article 24
     
Capacity Building 148, 149 Goal 4 Article 25 Article 6 Article 5e,
22c, 23, 27
     
Assesment of Impact 161 Goal 11 Article 17          

Activities

Follow the expert meetings on HUL Recommendation and explore individual case studies.

© UNESCO / Francesco Bandarin / Old City of Dubrovnik (Croatia)

Expert Meetings

List of Expert Meetings conducted on HUL Recommendation
Date Place Country
2011 July The Island of Mozambique Mozambique
2011 July Stone Town of Zanzibar Tanzania
2011 August Lamu Old Town Kenya
2012 November Edirne Turkey
2013 April Muharraq Bahrain
2013 May Madrid Spain
2013 September Rio de Janeiro Brasil
2013 September Seville Spain
2013 December Rabat Morocco
2013 December Paris HQ France
2013 December Sfax Tunisia
2014 February Kuwait City Kuwait
2014 March Edmonton Canada
2014 May Cuenca Ecuador
2014 July French Speaking Africa
2014 September Nanjing China
2014 December Ferrara Italy
2014 December Shanghai China
2015 January Valladolid Spain
2015 February Cidade Velha Caba Verde
2015 April Dakar Senegal
2015 July Haiti Haiti
2015 September Quito Ecuador
2015 December Kuwait Kuwait
2016 March London UK
2016 June Algiers Algier
2016 October Samarkand Bukhara Uzbekistan
2016 November Tangier Morocco

Case Studies

List of Case Studies conducted on HUL Recommendation
Region City Country Source Year
Europe and North America Regensburg Germany GO HUL Information Sheet 2017
Latin America and the Caribbean Willemstad Curaçao GO HUL Information Sheet 2017
Asia and the Pacific Galle Sri Lanka GO HUL Information Sheet 2017
Asia and the Pacific Maibud Iran Persian Historic Urban Landscapes: Interpreting and Managing Maibud over 6000 Years, Edinburg University Press, 2017 2017
Latin America and the Caribbean Cuenca Ecuador THE HUL GUIDEBOOK Managing heritage in dynamic and constantly changing urban environments A practical guide to UNESCO’s Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, 2016
the Application of the Recommendation on Historic Urban Landscape (HUL) in Cuenca – Ecuador, 2017
2017
Asia and the Pacific Shanghai China THE HUL GUIDEBOOK Managing heritage in dynamic and constantly changing urban environments A practical guide to UNESCO’s Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, WHITRAP, 2016 2016
Asia and the Pacific Ballarat Australia THE HUL GUIDEBOOK Managing heritage in dynamic and constantly changing urban environments A practical guide to UNESCO’s Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, WHITRAP, 2016 2016
Asia and the Pacific Suzhou China THE HUL GUIDEBOOK Managing heritage in dynamic and constantly changing urban environments A practical guide to UNESCO’s Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, WHITRAP, 2016 2016
Europe and North America Amsterdam Netherlands THE HUL GUIDEBOOK Managing heritage in dynamic and constantly changing urban environments A practical guide to UNESCO’s Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, 2016 2016
Europe and North America Naples Italy THE HUL GUIDEBOOK Managing heritage in dynamic and constantly changing urban environments A practical guide to UNESCO’s Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, 2016 2016
Asia and the Pacific Rawalpindi Pakistan THE HUL GUIDEBOOK Managing heritage in dynamic and constantly changing urban environments A practical guide to UNESCO’s Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, WHITRAP, 2016 2016
Africa Zanzibar Tanzania THE HUL GUIDEBOOK Managing heritage in dynamic and constantly changing urban environments A practical guide to UNESCO’s Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, 2016 2016
Africa Island of Mozambique Mozambique Swahili Historic Urban Landscapes, UNESCO, 2013 2013
Africa Stone Town of Zanzibar United Republic of Tanzania Swahili Historic Urban Landscapes, UNESCO, 2013 2013
Africa Lamu Old Town Kenya Swahili Historic Urban Landscapes, UNESCO, 2013 2013
Map of Case Studies conducted on HUL Recommendation

Tools

The tools that can be used to aid the implementation of the HUL Recommendation.

© OUR PLACE The World Heritage Collection / Geoff Mason / Historic Centre of Salvador de Bahia (Brazil)

The approach based on the historic urban landscape implies the application of a range of traditional and innovative tools adapted to local contexts. Some of these tools, which need to be developed as part of the process involving the different stakeholders, might include:

(a) Civic engagement tools

should involve a diverse cross-section of stakeholders, and empower them to identify key values in their urban areas, develop visions that reflect their diversity, set goals, and agree on actions to safeguard their heritage and promote sustainable development. These tools, which constitute an integral part of urban governance dynamics, should facilitate intercultural dialogue by learning from communities about their histories, traditions, values, needs and aspirations, and by facilitating mediation and negotiation between groups with conflicting interests.


(b) Knowledge and planning tools

should help protect the integrity and authenticity of the attributes of urban heritage. They should also allow for the recognition of cultural significance and diversity, and provide for the monitoring and management of change to improve the quality of life and of urban space. These tools would include documentation and mapping of cultural and natural characteristics. Heritage, social and environmental impact assessments should be used to support and facilitate decision-making processes within a framework of sustainable development.


(c) Regulatory systems

should reflect local conditions, and may include legislative and regulatory measures aimed at the conservation and management of the tangible and intangible attributes of the urban heritage, including their social, environmental and cultural values. Traditional and customary systems should be recognized and reinforced as necessary.




(d) Financial tools

should be aimed at building capacities and supporting innovative income-generating development, rooted in tradition. In addition to government and global funds from international agencies, financial tools should be effectively employed to foster private investment at the local level. Micro-credit and other flexible financing to support local enterprise, as well as a variety of models of partnerships, are also central to making the historic urban landscape approach financially sustainable.

Resource Materials

The knowledge and experience on HUL Recommendation is growing, you can make use of available resources.

© ICHHTO / S.H. Rashedi / Aerial View, Jame Mosque

Related Links

Find out more connections related to urban heritage and corresponding activities in other organisations.

© ICHHTO / HCY base archive / Aerial View, Qaleh kohneh District

Décisions (1)
Show 41COM 7
Sessions du Comité (1)