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The Complex of Izadkhast

Date of Submission: 09/08/2007
Criteria: (i)(ii)(iii)(iv)
Category: Cultural
Submitted by:
Iranian Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Organization
State, Province or Region:
Fars Province
Ref.: 5205
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Property names are listed in the language in which they have been submitted by the State Party

Description

This historical complex has been situated on a natural base along with unique characteristics. The complex contains the castle of Izadkhast, one caravanserai and the Safavid-period bridge. The works inside of the castle belong to different periods from Sassanids to Qajars. The most important section of the complex is the castle that has been built on singular bedrock in a sand construction and close to the valley of Izadkhast. The bedrock has protected the castle from the foreigners' attacks. A bridge and a gate in the most accessible part of the complex made it possible to connect with the surrounding areas. The smallness of the rock led to agglomeration of built rooms. Hence, the smallness of rooms resulted in increase of floors.

Statements of authenticity and/or integrity

The architectural relics as well as extensive texts. (Historical and travel books).

Comparison with other similar properties

It is, in form of construction, unique but can be, from the-materials-used point of view, compared with Citadel of Bam, Rhine and many other citadels, castles built in provinces of Yazd and Kerman. The complex caravanserai can be compared with Safavid caravanserais especially the caravanserais in Esfahan-Shiraz Route.