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Station écologique de Taim (Rio Grande do Sul)

Date of Submission: 06/09/1996
Criteria: (ix)(x)
Category: Natural
Coordinates: 53°23' - 52°32' W 32°32' - 32°50' S
Ref.: 42
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Description

Situated in the district of Sta. Vitoria dos Palmares and Rio Grande, this station covers an area of 32000 hectares near the Uruguayan border. Taim si public property which has been declared an area of ecological interest, with a vast lagoon system partly formed by the Mirim, Jacaré, Nicola and Mangueira lagoons. Most of the marshland along the southern coast of Brazil is interesting on account of its biotic communities and its rich wildlife. The area at Taim has about 10 km of ocean beaches, mobile dunes and areas where sand and creeping vegetation alternate.

Its inclusion in the world natural heritage is justified by the fact that it is particularly representative of this type of Brazilian ecosystem. The many species of animals, especially birds, are threatened by the growin changes affecting the marshland since it has been used for grazing and cultivation, without any attempt to preserve the wildlife; this process will lead to the extinction of certain species species such as the otter, the coypu, the crocodile and many others.