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State of Conservation

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157
Reports
157
Properties
95
States Parties
Site State Party Year Threats* Danger List
abu menaAbu Mena egypt Egypt 2018 Housing, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), Yes
air and tenere natural reservesAir and Ténéré Natural Reserves niger Niger 2018 Civil unrest, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Forestry /wood production, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
aksumAksum ethiopia Ethiopia 2018 Housing, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Structural instability of Stele 3
No
ancient and primeval beech forests of the carpathians and other regions of europeAncient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe albania,austria,belgium,bulgaria,croatia,germany,italy,romania,slovakia,slovenia,spain,ukraine Albania
Austria
Belgium
Bulgaria
Croatia
Germany
Italy
Romania
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Ukraine
2018 Commercial hunting, Forestry /wood production, Management systems/ management plan, No
ancient building complex in the wudang mountainsAncient Building Complex in the Wudang Mountains china China 2018 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
ancient city of aleppoAncient City of Aleppo syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 2018 Land conversion, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, War, Yes
ancient city of bosraAncient City of Bosra syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 2018 Housing, Illegal activities, War, Yes
ancient city of damascusAncient City of Damascus syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 2018 Housing, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, War,
Other Threats: fire
Yes
ancient maya city and protected tropical forests of calakmul, campecheAncient Maya City and Protected Tropical Forests of Calakmul, Campeche mexico Mexico 2018 Governance, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
ancient villages of northern syriaAncient Villages of Northern Syria syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 2018 Financial resources, Housing, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Quarrying, War, Yes
archaeological site of aniArchaeological Site of Ani turkey Turkey 2018 Earthquake, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Inappropriate use of pasture areas and of the rock-cut caves in Bostanlar Creek and Arpaçay Creek within the 1st Degree Archaeological Conservation area
No
archaeological site of carthageArchaeological Site of Carthage tunisia Tunisia 2018 Housing, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
archaeological site of cyreneArchaeological Site of Cyrene libya Libya 2018 Crop production, Deliberate destruction of heritage, Governance, Housing, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Surface water pollution, War, Yes
archaeological site of leptis magnaArchaeological Site of Leptis Magna libya Libya 2018 War, Yes
archaeological site of nalanda mahavihara at nalanda, biharArchaeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara at Nalanda, Bihar india India 2018 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Lack of appropriate documentation to establish the authenticity of the property
No
archaeological site of sabrathaArchaeological Site of Sabratha libya Libya 2018 War, Yes
ashur (qal'at sherqat)Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat) iraq Iraq 2018 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Flooding, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, War, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Fragile mud brick structures
Yes
auschwitz birkenau german nazi concentration and extermination camp (1940-1945)Auschwitz Birkenau
German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945)
poland Poland 2018 Ground transport infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Slow process of consultation with local communities
No
bahla fortBahla Fort oman Oman 2018 Housing, Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the earthen structures of the Fort
No
banc d'arguin national parkBanc d'Arguin National Park mauritania Mauritania 2018 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Localised utilities, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Oil and gas, Renewable energy facilities, No
belize barrier reef reserve systemBelize Barrier Reef Reserve System belize Belize 2018 Housing, Invasive / alien marine species, Land conversion, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Oil and gas, Yes
birthplace of jesus: church of the nativity and the pilgrimage route, bethlehemBirthplace of Jesus: Church of the Nativity and the Pilgrimage Route, Bethlehem palestine Palestine 2018 Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Degradation of the architectural complex of the Church of the Nativity
Yes
byblosByblos lebanon Lebanon 2018 High impact research / monitoring activities, Housing, No
cape floral region protected areasCape Floral Region Protected Areas south africa South Africa 2018 Financial resources, Fire (widlfires), Governance, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Management systems/ management plan, Other climate change impacts, No
carolingian westwork and civitas corveyCarolingian Westwork and Civitas Corvey germany Germany 2018 No
champagne hillsides, houses and cellarsChampagne Hillsides, Houses and Cellars france France 2018 Management systems/ management plan, Renewable energy facilities,
Other Threats: Lack of measures to protect or to restore the biodiversity of the landscape
No
chan chan archaeological zoneChan Chan Archaeological Zone peru Peru 2018 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Continuous deterioration of earthen architecture structures and decorated surfaces from lack of conservation and maintenance practices
Yes
city of potosiCity of Potosí bolivia (plurinational state of) Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 2018 Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Surface water pollution,
Other Threats: Instability and risk of collapse of the Cerro Rico; Deficiencies in conservation: special attention required for the restoration and upgrading of structures with residential use and the archaeological industrial heritage
Yes
city of quitoCity of Quito ecuador Ecuador 2018 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, Underground transport infrastructure, No
cliff of bandiagara (land of the dogons)Cliff of Bandiagara (Land of the Dogons) mali Mali 2018 Financial resources, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, War, No
coiba national park and its special zone of marine protectionCoiba National Park and its Special Zone of Marine Protection panama Panama 2018 Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Human resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, No
colonial city of santo domingoColonial City of Santo Domingo dominican republic Dominican Republic 2018 Earthquake, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Land conversion, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Society's valuing of heritage, Storms, Underground transport infrastructure, No
coro and its portCoro and its Port venezuela (bolivarian republic of) Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 2018 Flooding, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Serious deterioration of materials and structure; Deterioration of the architectural and urban coherence and integrity of the property
Yes
crac des chevaliers and qal’at salah el-dinCrac des Chevaliers and Qal’at Salah El-Din syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 2018 Land conversion, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Quarrying, War, Yes
cultural and historic ensemble of the solovetsky islandsCultural and Historic Ensemble of the Solovetsky Islands russian federation Russian Federation 2018 Air transport infrastructure, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Poor state of conservation of the monastic irrigation system
No
cultural landscape and archaeological remains of the bamiyan valleyCultural Landscape and Archaeological Remains of the Bamiyan Valley afghanistan Afghanistan 2018 Civil unrest, Commercial development, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing,
Other Threats: Risk of collapse of the Giant Buddha niches; Irreversible deterioration of the mural paintings
Yes
curonian spitCuronian Spit lithuania,russian federation Lithuania
Russian Federation
2018 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Ground transport infrastructure, Localised utilities, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, Oil and gas, Surface water pollution, No
dja faunal reserveDja Faunal Reserve cameroon Cameroon 2018 Commercial hunting, Forestry /wood production, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure, No
east rennellEast Rennell solomon islands Solomon Islands 2018 Changes to oceanic waters, Commercial hunting, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Forestry /wood production, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Storms, Yes
ennedi massif: natural and cultural landscapeEnnedi Massif: Natural and Cultural Landscape chad Chad 2018 Management systems/ management plan, No
erbil citadelErbil Citadel iraq Iraq 2018 Interpretative and visitation facilities, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Slopes of the archaeological mound non stabilized
No
everglades national parkEverglades National Park united states of america United States of America 2018 Housing, Invasive / alien freshwater species, Storms, Surface water pollution, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Mercury contamination of fish and wildlife
Yes
fort and shalamar gardens in lahoreFort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore pakistan Pakistan 2018 Financial resources, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Underground transport infrastructure, No
fortifications on the caribbean side of panama: portobelo-san lorenzoFortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama: Portobelo-San Lorenzo panama Panama 2018 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Land conversion, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Fragile state of the property and accelerated degradation by environmental factors, lack of maintenance and limited conservation planning
Yes
galápagos islandsGalápagos Islands ecuador Ecuador 2018 Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Governance, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Legal framework, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, No
garamba national parkGaramba National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2018 Civil unrest, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, War, Yes
gebel barkal and the sites of the napatan regionGebel Barkal and the Sites of the Napatan Region sudan Sudan 2018 Desertification, Flooding, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Land conversion, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Wind, No
golden mountains of altaiGolden Mountains of Altai russian federation Russian Federation 2018 Ground transport infrastructure, Major linear utilities, No
golden temple of dambullaGolden Temple of Dambulla sri lanka Sri Lanka 2018 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Pests, Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Continued deterioration of the paintings
No
gough and inaccessible islandsGough and Inaccessible Islands united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2018 Invasive/alien terrestrial species, No
grand canyon national parkGrand Canyon National Park united states of america United States of America 2018 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Mining, Water infrastructure, No
gros morne national parkGros Morne National Park canada Canada 2018 Management systems/ management plan, Oil and gas, No
hatraHatra iraq Iraq 2018 Deliberate destruction of heritage, War, Yes
hebron/al-khalil old townHebron/Al-Khalil Old Town palestine Palestine 2018 Management systems/ management plan, Yes
hill forts of rajasthanHill Forts of Rajasthan india India 2018 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Housing, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Industrial areas, Mining,
Other Threats: Vulnerabilities of certain individual structures within the forts requiring short-term conservation actions
No
historic areas of istanbulHistoric Areas of Istanbul turkey Turkey 2018 Commercial development, Ground transport infrastructure, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Underground transport infrastructure,
Other Threats: decay and loss of Ottoman/vernacular architecture
No
historic centre of pragueHistoric Centre of Prague czechia Czechia 2018 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic centre of pueblaHistoric Centre of Puebla mexico Mexico 2018 Ground transport infrastructure, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic centre of shakhrisyabzHistoric Centre of Shakhrisyabz uzbekistan Uzbekistan 2018 Financial resources, Housing, Human resources, Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Demolition and re-building of traditional housing areas
Yes
historic centre of viennaHistoric Centre of Vienna austria Austria 2018 Housing, Legal framework, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Yes
historic ensemble of the potala palace, lhasaHistoric Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa china China 2018 Commercial development, Deliberate destruction of heritage, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic inner city of paramariboHistoric Inner City of Paramaribo suriname Suriname 2018 Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic jeddah, the gate to makkahHistoric Jeddah, the Gate to Makkah saudi arabia Saudi Arabia 2018 Housing, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: High rate of decay of the historic houses
No
historic town of zabidHistoric Town of Zabid yemen Yemen 2018 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Financial resources, Housing, Human resources, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
historical centre of the city of arequipaHistorical Centre of the City of Arequipa peru Peru 2018 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
historical centre of the city of yaroslavlHistorical Centre of the City of Yaroslavl russian federation Russian Federation 2018 No
historical monuments of mtskhetaHistorical Monuments of Mtskheta georgia Georgia 2018 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Land conversion, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
humberstone and santa laura saltpeter worksHumberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works chile Chile 2018 Management systems/ management plan, Wind,
Other Threats: Extremely fragile nature of the industrial buildings that were constructed using local materials such as timber for frames, corrugated iron sheets for roofs and some walls, in addition to stucco and lightweight construction; Lack of maintenance over the past 40 years; Corrosion of metal cladding and dismantlement of some of the structural elements. A few buildings such as the Leaching House are liable to structural collapse if no support is given
Yes
iguacu national parkIguaçu National Park brazil Brazil 2018 Governance, Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure, No
iguazu national parkIguazu National Park argentina Argentina 2018 Governance, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure, No
island of mozambiqueIsland of Mozambique mozambique Mozambique 2018 Financial resources, Housing, Human resources, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste,
Other Threats: Growing number of collapsed or seriously dilapidated buildings
No
islands and protected areas of the gulf of californiaIslands and Protected Areas of the Gulf of California mexico Mexico 2018 Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Illegal activities,
Other Threats: Serious concerns over the conservation status of two species, vaquita (porpoise species) and totoaba (marine fish)
No
kahuzi-biega national parkKahuzi-Biega National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2018 Civil unrest, Commercial hunting, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Mining, War,
Other Threats: Villages in the ecological corridor between the highland and lowland sectors of the park
Yes
kathmandu valleyKathmandu Valley nepal Nepal 2018 Air transport infrastructure, Earthquake, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Localised utilities, Management systems/ management plan, Underground transport infrastructure, No
keoladeo national parkKeoladeo National Park india India 2018 Invasive / alien freshwater species, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Water (extraction) , Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Disappearance of Siberian cranes
No
kizhi pogostKizhi Pogost russian federation Russian Federation 2018 Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Land conversion, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure,
Other Threats: Structural integrity issues at the Church of the Transfiguration
No
lake baikalLake Baikal russian federation Russian Federation 2018 Fire (widlfires), Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Surface water pollution, Water infrastructure, No
lake malawi national parkLake Malawi National Park malawi Malawi 2018 Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Invasive / alien freshwater species, Management systems/ management plan, Oil and gas, Surface water pollution, No
lake turkana national parksLake Turkana National Parks kenya Kenya 2018 Illegal activities, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Oil and gas, Water infrastructure, No
lamu old townLamu Old Town kenya Kenya 2018 Air transport infrastructure, Housing, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, Solid waste,
Other Threats: Deterioration of dwellings
No
le morne cultural landscapeLe Morne Cultural Landscape mauritius Mauritius 2018 Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
liverpool – maritime mercantile cityLiverpool – Maritime Mercantile City united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2018 Commercial development, Governance, High impact research / monitoring activities, Housing, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Society's valuing of heritage, Yes
lower valley of the omoLower Valley of the Omo ethiopia Ethiopia 2018 Crop production, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Housing, Industrial areas, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure, No
lumbini, the birthplace of the lord buddhaLumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha nepal Nepal 2018 Air pollution, Commercial development, Housing, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses, No
mana pools national park, sapi and chewore safari areasMana Pools National Park, Sapi and Chewore Safari Areas zimbabwe Zimbabwe 2018 Illegal activities, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, No
manovo-gounda st floris national parkManovo-Gounda St Floris National Park central african republic Central African Republic 2018 Civil unrest, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Mining, Yes
mapungubwe cultural landscapeMapungubwe Cultural Landscape south africa South Africa 2018 Industrial areas, Management activities, Mining, No
medieval monuments in kosovoMedieval Monuments in Kosovo serbia Serbia 2018 Civil unrest, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Unsatisfactory state of conservation and maintenance of the property
Yes
memphis and its necropolis – the pyramid fields from giza to dahshurMemphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur egypt Egypt 2018 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Underground transport infrastructure, No
minaret and archaeological remains of jamMinaret and Archaeological Remains of Jam afghanistan Afghanistan 2018 Civil unrest, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Inclination of the Minaret
Yes
mount nimba strict nature reserveMount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve cote d'ivoire,guinea Côte d'Ivoire
Guinea
2018 Financial resources, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Yes
nan madol: ceremonial centre of eastern micronesiaNan Madol: Ceremonial Centre of Eastern Micronesia micronesia (federated states of) Micronesia (Federated States of) 2018 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
national history park – citadel, sans souci, ramiersNational History Park – Citadel, Sans Souci, Ramiers haiti Haiti 2018 Earthquake, Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
natural and culturo-historical region of kotorNatural and Culturo-Historical Region of Kotor montenegro Montenegro 2018 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system, Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Land conversion, Legal framework, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Society's valuing of heritage, No
natural system of wrangel island reserveNatural System of Wrangel Island Reserve russian federation Russian Federation 2018 Marine transport infrastructure, Oil and gas,
Other Threats: Increased human presence
No
niokolo-koba national parkNiokolo-Koba National Park senegal Senegal 2018 Drought, Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Mining, Translocated species, Water infrastructure, Yes
okapi wildlife reserveOkapi Wildlife Reserve democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2018 Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Mining, Yes
okavango deltaOkavango Delta botswana Botswana 2018 Governance, Invasive / alien freshwater species, Management systems/ management plan, Mining,
Other Threats: Animal sanitation and diseases
No
old city of dubrovnikOld City of Dubrovnik croatia Croatia 2018 Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
old city of jerusalem and its wallsOld City of Jerusalem and its Walls jerusalem (site proposed by jordan)Jerusalem (Site proposed by Jordan) 2018 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Governance, High impact research / monitoring activities, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Natural risk factors; Deterioration of monuments
Yes
old city of sana'aOld City of Sana'a yemen Yemen 2018 Civil unrest, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Land conversion, Management activities, War,
Other Threats: Functional decay of the residential neighborhoods; Physical damage and instability of buildings
Yes
old town of galle and its fortificationsOld Town of Galle and its Fortifications sri lanka Sri Lanka 2018 Commercial development, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, No
old town of ghadamesOld Town of Ghadamès libya Libya 2018 War, Yes
old towns of djenneOld Towns of Djenné mali Mali 2018 Civil unrest, Housing, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste,
Other Threats: Deterioration of dwellings
Yes
old walled city of shibamOld Walled City of Shibam yemen Yemen 2018 Civil unrest, Financial resources, Flooding, Human resources, War, Water (rain/water table), Yes
palestine: land of olives and vines – cultural landscape of southern jerusalem, battirPalestine: Land of Olives and Vines – Cultural Landscape of Southern Jerusalem, Battir palestine Palestine 2018 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Invasive/alien terrestrial species,
Other Threats: Potential construction of a separation fence (wall)
Yes
pampulha modern ensemblePampulha Modern Ensemble brazil Brazil 2018 Management systems/ management plan, No
petraPetra jordan Jordan 2018 Commercial development, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Land conversion, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
pirin national parkPirin National Park bulgaria Bulgaria 2018 Commercial development, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
pitons management areaPitons Management Area saint lucia Saint Lucia 2018 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Renewable energy facilities, No
plitvice lakes national parkPlitvice Lakes National Park croatia Croatia 2018 Air pollution, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Surface water pollution, Water (extraction) , No
precolumbian chiefdom settlements with stone spheres of the diquisPrecolumbian Chiefdom Settlements with Stone Spheres of the Diquís costa rica Costa Rica 2018 Air transport infrastructure, Financial resources, Governance, Human resources, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure, No
pyu ancient citiesPyu Ancient Cities myanmar Myanmar 2018 Human resources, Management systems/ management plan, No
qhapaq nan, andean road systemQhapaq Ñan, Andean Road System argentina,bolivia (plurinational state of),chile,colombia,ecuador,peru Argentina
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
2018 Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
rainforests of the atsinananaRainforests of the Atsinanana madagascar Madagascar 2018 Fire (widlfires), Governance, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Mining, Society's valuing of heritage, Subsistence hunting, Yes
rice terraces of the philippine cordillerasRice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras philippines Philippines 2018 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system, Financial resources, Human resources, Illegal activities, Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Society's valuing of heritage, No
rio plátano biosphere reserveRío Plátano Biosphere Reserve honduras Honduras 2018 Financial resources, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Land conversion, Legal framework, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure, Yes
rock-art sites of tadrart acacusRock-Art Sites of Tadrart Acacus libya Libya 2018 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Human resources, Illegal activities, War, Yes
ruins of kilwa kisiwani and ruins of songo mnaraRuins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Ruins of Songo Mnara united republic of tanzania United Republic of Tanzania 2018 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the architectural heritage fabric
No
rwenzori mountains national parkRwenzori Mountains National Park uganda Uganda 2018 Fire (widlfires), Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Other climate change impacts, No
sagarmatha national parkSagarmatha National Park nepal Nepal 2018 Air pollution, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Input of excess energy, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Mining, Other climate change impacts, Quarrying, Solid waste, Subsistence wild plant collection, No
salonga national parkSalonga National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2018 Civil unrest, Illegal activities, Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting, Management systems/ management plan, Oil and gas, War, Yes
samarra archaeological citySamarra Archaeological City iraq Iraq 2018 Management systems/ management plan, War, Yes
sanganeb marine national park and dungonab bay – mukkawar island marine national parkSanganeb Marine National Park and Dungonab Bay – Mukkawar Island Marine National Park sudan Sudan 2018 Financial resources, Management systems/ management plan, No
sangiran early man siteSangiran Early Man Site indonesia Indonesia 2018 Housing, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, Society's valuing of heritage, No
selous game reserveSelous Game Reserve united republic of tanzania United Republic of Tanzania 2018 Financial resources, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Oil and gas, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Significant decline of wildlife populations due to poaching
Yes
serengeti national parkSerengeti National Park united republic of tanzania United Republic of Tanzania 2018 Air transport infrastructure, Drought, Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Major linear utilities, Water (extraction) , Water infrastructure, No
silk roads: the routes network of chang'an-tianshan corridorSilk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang'an-Tianshan Corridor china,kazakhstan,kyrgyzstan China
Kazakhstan
Kyrgyzstan
2018 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Comparative fragility of many sites
No
simien national parkSimien National Park ethiopia Ethiopia 2018 Crop production, Financial resources, Governance, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Major linear utilities, Management systems/ management plan, Other climate change impacts,
Other Threats: Declining populations of Walia ibex, Ethiopian wolf and other large mammal species; Human wildlife conflicts;
No
site of palmyraSite of Palmyra syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 2018 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Illegal activities, Localised utilities, Major linear utilities, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Relative humidity, War,
Other Threats: serious weathering of many stone blocks
Yes
sites of japan’s meiji industrial revolution: iron and steel, shipbuilding and coal miningSites of Japan’s Meiji Industrial Revolution: Iron and Steel, Shipbuilding and Coal Mining japan Japan 2018 Ground transport infrastructure, Human resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, No
socotra archipelagoSocotra Archipelago yemen Yemen 2018 Civil unrest, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Governance, Ground transport infrastructure, Invasive / alien marine species, Legal framework, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste, No
stećci medieval tombstone graveyardsStećci Medieval Tombstone Graveyards bosnia and herzegovina,croatia,serbia,montenegro Bosnia and Herzegovina
Croatia
Serbia
Montenegro
2018 Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
stone town of zanzibarStone Town of Zanzibar united republic of tanzania United Republic of Tanzania 2018 Commercial development, Financial resources, Housing, Human resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Natural disasters and lack of risk-preparedness
No
stonehenge, avebury and associated sitesStonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2018 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure, Underground transport infrastructure, No
sukur cultural landscapeSukur Cultural Landscape nigeria Nigeria 2018 Civil unrest, Illegal activities, No
tasmanian wildernessTasmanian Wilderness australia Australia 2018 Forestry /wood production, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Mining,
Other Threats: Biosecurity
No
temple and cemetery of confucius and the kong family mansion in qufuTemple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion in Qufu china China 2018 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, No
the ahwar of southern iraq: refuge of biodiversity and the relict landscape of the mesopotamian citiesThe Ahwar of Southern Iraq: Refuge of Biodiversity and the Relict Landscape of the Mesopotamian Cities iraq Iraq 2018 Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Highly unstable conservation conditions of the archaeological sites
No
the architectural work of le corbusier, an outstanding contribution to the modern movementThe Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement argentina,belgium,france,germany,india,japan,switzerland Argentina
Belgium
France
Germany
India
Japan
Switzerland
2018 Management systems/ management plan, No
the climats, terroirs of burgundyThe Climats, terroirs of Burgundy france France 2018 Governance, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Quarrying, No
the grand canalThe Grand Canal china China 2018 No
the persian qanatThe Persian Qanat iran (islamic republic of) Iran (Islamic Republic of) 2018 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
timbuktuTimbuktu mali Mali 2018 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Management systems/ management plan, War, Yes
tiwanaku: spiritual and political centre of the tiwanaku cultureTiwanaku: Spiritual and Political Centre of the Tiwanaku Culture bolivia (plurinational state of) Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 2018 Governance, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
tomb of askiaTomb of Askia mali Mali 2018 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Management systems/ management plan, War, Yes
tombs of buganda kings at kasubiTombs of Buganda Kings at Kasubi uganda Uganda 2018 Ground transport infrastructure, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Fire
Yes
trang an landscape complexTrang An Landscape Complex viet nam Viet Nam 2018 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
tropical rainforest heritage of sumatraTropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra indonesia Indonesia 2018 Governance, Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Renewable energy facilities, Yes
um er-rasas (kastrom mefa'a)Um er-Rasas (Kastrom Mefa'a) jordan Jordan 2018 Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Unstable structures and lack of security
No
virgin komi forestsVirgin Komi Forests russian federation Russian Federation 2018 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, No
virunga national parkVirunga National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2018 Civil unrest, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Oil and gas, War, Yes
volcanoes of kamchatkaVolcanoes of Kamchatka russian federation Russian Federation 2018 Fire (widlfires), Governance, Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Legal framework, Major linear utilities, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Renewable energy facilities,
Other Threats: Decline in populations of wild reindeer and snow sheep
No
wadi rum protected areaWadi Rum Protected Area jordan Jordan 2018 Financial resources, Governance, Housing, Human resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste, No
western caucasusWestern Caucasus russian federation Russian Federation 2018 Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
western tien-shanWestern Tien-Shan kazakhstan,kyrgyzstan,uzbekistan Kazakhstan
Kyrgyzstan
Uzbekistan
2018 Human resources, Management systems/ management plan, No
zuojiang huashan rock art cultural landscapeZuojiang Huashan Rock Art Cultural Landscape china China 2018 Forestry /wood production, Land conversion, Legal framework, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Surface water pollution, No


* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.