State of Conservation
States PartiesAfghanistan Albania Algeria Argentina Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Brazil Bulgaria Cambodia Cameroon Canada Central African Republic Chad Chile China Colombia Congo Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Czech Republic Democratic People's Republic of Korea Democratic Republic of the Congo Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt Ethiopia Fiji France Gabon Georgia Germany Guinea Haiti Honduras Hungary India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Italy Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Lao People's Democratic Republic Lebanon Lesotho Libya Lithuania Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Mali Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Nepal Netherlands Niger Nigeria Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Peru Philippines Portugal Romania Russian Federation Saint Lucia Senegal Serbia Slovakia Solomon Islands South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Thailand the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Tunisia Turkey Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Uruguay Uzbekistan Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan (302) Housing (156) Illegal activities (120) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation (84) Ground transport infrastructure (82) Land conversion (78) Management activities (75) Legal framework (68) Mining (59) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure (50) War (45) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals (44) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community (43) Civil unrest (43) Water infrastructure (42) Human resources (41) Financial resources (34) Deliberate destruction of heritage (32) Oil and gas (28) Erosion and siltation/ deposition (27) Water (rain/water table) (26) Surface water pollution (23) Governance (23) Interpretative and visitation facilities (21) Marine transport infrastructure (20) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (18) Solid waste (18) Invasive/alien terrestrial species (18) Flooding (17) Commercial development (16) Major linear utilities (15) Storms (15) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources (14) Fire (widlfires) (14) Renewable energy facilities (12) Crop production (11) Forestry /wood production (11) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system (10) Non-renewable energy facilities (9) Water (extraction) (9) Ground water pollution (8) Other climate change impacts (8) High impact research / monitoring activities (8) Underground transport infrastructure (7) Localised utilities (7) Industrial areas (6) Commercial hunting (6) Changes to oceanic waters (6) Earthquake (6) Invasive / alien freshwater species (6) Air transport infrastructure (5) Subsistence hunting (5) Quarrying (5) Wind (5) Drought (5) Invasive / alien marine species (5) Air pollution (4) Pollution of marine waters (3) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting (3) Temperature change (3) Avalanche/ landslide (3) Translocated species (3) Input of excess energy (2) Micro-organisms (2) Relative humidity (2) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses (2) Subsistence wild plant collection (1) Society's valuing of heritage (1) Desertification (1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).