State of Conservation (SOC)
States PartiesAfghanistan Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Bangladesh Barbados Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Brazil Bulgaria Cambodia Cameroon Canada Central African Republic Chad Chile China Colombia Congo Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Democratic Republic of the Congo Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt Ethiopia France Gabon Georgia Germany Guinea Haiti Honduras India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Italy Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Lao People's Democratic Republic Lebanon Libya Lithuania Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Nepal Niger Nigeria Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Peru Philippines Russian Federation Saint Lucia Senegal Serbia Slovakia Solomon Islands Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Syrian Arab Republic Thailand the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Tunisia Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Uruguay Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan(101) Housing(52) Illegal activities(44) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation(35) Management activities(27) Ground transport infrastructure(26) Land conversion(26) Legal framework(23) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure(21) Mining(20) War(15) Financial resources(15) Water infrastructure(14) Human resources(14) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community(13) Civil unrest(13) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals(12) Oil and gas(12) Deliberate destruction of heritage(10) Erosion and siltation/ deposition(8) Governance(8) Interpretative and visitation facilities(7) Marine transport infrastructure(7) Surface water pollution(7) Water (rain/water table)(7) Invasive/alien terrestrial species(6) Commercial development(5) Major linear utilities(5) Solid waste(5) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources(5) Water (extraction) (5) Storms(5) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure(4) Renewable energy facilities(4) Crop production(4) Flooding(4) Invasive / alien freshwater species(4) Non-renewable energy facilities(3) Air pollution(3) Forestry /wood production(3) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system(3) Drought(3) Earthquake(3) Fire (widlfires)(3) Industrial areas(2) Underground transport infrastructure(2) Localised utilities(2) Pollution of marine waters(2) Commercial hunting(2) Quarrying(2) Wind(2) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses(2) Other climate change impacts(2) High impact research / monitoring activities(2) Air transport infrastructure(1) Ground water pollution(1) Subsistence hunting(1) Relative humidity(1) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting(1) Society's valuing of heritage(1) Changes to oceanic waters(1) Temperature change(1) Invasive / alien marine species(1) Translocated species(1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).