State of Conservation (SOC)
States PartiesAlgeria Argentina Australia Benin Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Brazil Bulgaria Cambodia Canada Central African Republic China Colombia Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Democratic Republic of the Congo Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt Ethiopia France Germany Greece Guatemala Guinea Haiti Holy See Honduras Hungary India Italy Lebanon Libya Madagascar Mali Malta Mexico Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Nepal New Zealand Niger Oman Pakistan Panama Peru Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Senegal Serbia Seychelles Spain Sri Lanka Syrian Arab Republic Tunisia Turkey United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan (96) Illegal activities (54) Water infrastructure (37) Ground transport infrastructure (33) Housing (31) Financial resources (29) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community (27) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation (27) Water (rain/water table) (21) Mining (18) Management activities (17) Land conversion (14) Legal framework (14) Earthquake (12) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals (11) Civil unrest (11) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (10) Crop production (10) Surface water pollution (9) War (9) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure (8) Localised utilities (8) Water (extraction) (8) Human resources (8) Air pollution (7) Oil and gas (7) Relative humidity (7) Storms (7) Avalanche/ landslide (7) Input of excess energy (5) Flooding (5) Subsistence hunting (4) Commercial development (3) Industrial areas (3) Major linear utilities (3) Pollution of marine waters (3) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources (3) Forestry /wood production (3) Micro-organisms (3) Deliberate destruction of heritage (3) Erosion and siltation/ deposition (3) Governance (3) Air transport infrastructure (2) Solid waste (2) Temperature (2) Wind (2) Radiation/light (1) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system (1) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses (1) Terrorism (1) Desertification (1) Fire (widlfires) (1) Invasive/alien terrestrial species (1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).