State of Conservation
States PartiesBenin Botswana Cameroon Central African Republic Chad Congo Côte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Ethiopia Gabon Ghana Guinea Kenya Lesotho Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritius Mozambique Niger Nigeria Senegal Seychelles South Africa Uganda United Republic of Tanzania Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan (348) Illegal activities (345) Mining (162) Land conversion (144) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community (143) Civil unrest (140) Financial resources (133) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals (108) War (101) Housing (99) Human resources (96) Ground transport infrastructure (92) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation (57) Water infrastructure (56) Management activities (53) Solid waste (51) Water (rain/water table) (44) Legal framework (43) Erosion and siltation/ deposition (41) Oil and gas (35) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure (30) Crop production (30) Fire (widlfires) (29) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources (25) Invasive/alien terrestrial species (25) Forestry /wood production (24) Commercial hunting (20) Surface water pollution (18) Deliberate destruction of heritage (18) Drought (18) Subsistence hunting (16) Invasive / alien freshwater species (15) Interpretative and visitation facilities (14) Marine transport infrastructure (12) Water (extraction) (12) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting (12) Industrial areas (11) Translocated species (11) Flooding (10) Storms (10) Governance (10) Major linear utilities (9) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (6) Air pollution (6) Relative humidity (6) Wind (6) Desertification (4) Other climate change impacts (4) Avalanche/ landslide (4) Air transport infrastructure (3) Input of excess energy (3) Earthquake (3) Renewable energy facilities (2) Ground water pollution (2) Society's valuing of heritage (2) Volcanic eruption (2) Subsistence wild plant collection (1) Pests (1) Changes to oceanic waters (1) Low impact research / monitoring activities (1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).