State of Conservation (SOC)
States PartiesAlbania Algeria Argentina Australia Bangladesh Benin Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Brazil Bulgaria Cambodia Canada Central African Republic China Colombia Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Democratic Republic of the Congo Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt Ethiopia France Germany Ghana Greece Guatemala Guinea Haiti Holy See Honduras Hungary India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Italy Japan Jordan Lao People's Democratic Republic Lebanon Libya Lithuania Madagascar Malawi Mali Malta Mauritania Mexico Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Nepal New Zealand Niger Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Peru Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Senegal Serbia Seychelles Slovenia Spain Sri Lanka Syrian Arab Republic Tunisia Turkey Uganda United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Viet Nam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan (180) Illegal activities (86) Ground transport infrastructure (67) Housing (65) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community (50) Financial resources (49) Water infrastructure (48) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation (45) Legal framework (40) Management activities (40) Water (rain/water table) (39) Land conversion (36) Mining (32) Human resources (24) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals (21) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure (20) Surface water pollution (20) Civil unrest (19) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (17) War (17) Relative humidity (16) Storms (15) Localised utilities (14) Crop production (14) Earthquake (14) Forestry /wood production (13) Water (extraction) (13) Air pollution (12) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources (11) Erosion and siltation/ deposition (11) Solid waste (10) Oil and gas (10) Commercial development (9) Deliberate destruction of heritage (9) Invasive/alien terrestrial species (8) Flooding (7) Avalanche/ landslide (7) Industrial areas (6) Input of excess energy (6) Wind (6) Interpretative and visitation facilities (5) Air transport infrastructure (5) Marine transport infrastructure (5) Major linear utilities (5) Subsistence hunting (5) Micro-organisms (5) Temperature (5) Governance (5) Pollution of marine waters (3) Quarrying (3) Radiation/light (3) Desertification (3) Invasive / alien marine species (3) Renewable energy facilities (2) Pests (2) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses (2) Terrorism (2) Fire (widlfires) (2) Invasive / alien freshwater species (2) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system (1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).