State of Conservation
States PartiesAfghanistan Australia Bangladesh Cambodia China Democratic People's Republic of Korea Fiji India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Japan Kazakhstan Kiribati Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Malaysia Myanmar Nepal New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Republic of Korea Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Thailand Turkmenistan Uzbekistan Viet Nam
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan (439) Housing (179) Ground transport infrastructure (149) Illegal activities (148) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation (136) Management activities (107) Financial resources (83) Legal framework (78) Land conversion (64) Human resources (64) Mining (63) Civil unrest (61) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure (50) Water infrastructure (47) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community (42) Interpretative and visitation facilities (37) Deliberate destruction of heritage (36) Invasive/alien terrestrial species (36) Commercial development (32) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (32) Water (rain/water table) (31) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources (30) Forestry /wood production (25) Marine transport infrastructure (24) Storms (21) Relative humidity (20) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses (20) Water (extraction) (18) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system (17) Society's valuing of heritage (16) Governance (15) Air pollution (14) Other climate change impacts (14) Earthquake (14) Crop production (13) Flooding (13) Erosion and siltation/ deposition (13) Major linear utilities (12) Air transport infrastructure (11) Surface water pollution (11) Industrial areas (10) Fire (widlfires) (10) Ground water pollution (9) Solid waste (9) Changes to oceanic waters (9) Temperature change (9) Invasive / alien freshwater species (9) Underground transport infrastructure (8) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals (8) Localised utilities (7) Non-renewable energy facilities (7) Commercial hunting (7) Oil and gas (7) High impact research / monitoring activities (7) Quarrying (5) Avalanche/ landslide (5) Volcanic eruption (5) Drought (3) Tsunami/tidal wave (3) Wind (2) Renewable energy facilities (1) Input of excess energy (1) Subsistence wild plant collection (1) Temperature (1) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting (1) Terrorism (1) Invasive / alien marine species (1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).