Year of inscription on the World Heritage List
Kathmandu Valley : 1979
Kathmandu Valley : (iii)(iv)(vi)
Previous Committee Decisions:
See page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/475
See page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/475
Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger
Threats for which the property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger The exceptional architectural design of Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur is gradually disappearing due to uncontrolled urban development.
Threats for which the property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger
The exceptional architectural design of Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur is gradually disappearing due to uncontrolled urban development.
Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger
Corrective measures identified
Requests Approved: 0
Total Amount Approved: 342,679USD
|2006||Completion and Implementation of the Integrated Management Plan for the sustainable conservation of the Kathmandu Valley World Heritage Property in Danger||27,000 USD|
|1998||Preparing a full inventory of 120 buildings within the Bauddhanath Monument Zone, one of the seven Monument Zones composing Kathmandu Valley site||20,000 USD|
|1998||On site promotion activity at Kathmandu||5,000 USD|
|1998||Structural survey of the 55 Windows Palace building in the Kathmandu Valley||19,800 USD|
|1997|| Joint UNESCO-ICOMOS-Government of Nepal team to conduct a thorough study and to elaborate a programme for corrective measures for Kathmandu Valley (NOT FULLY IMPLEMENTED)
Reapproval: 08 Apr, 1999 (n°1141 - 2,550 USD)
|1997||Studies on traditional architecture, construction and conservation technique, documenting Bhaktapur Monument zone building||28,000 USD|
|1997||Emergency assistance for Degu Taleju Mandir Monument in Patan, Kathmandu Valley||19,969 USD|
|1997||Training Course for the Recording and Documentation of the Seven Monument Zones of Kathmandu Valley World Heritage Site||14,000 USD|
|1994||Costs of a resident International Technical Advisor for 6 months to assist with the effective implementation of national legislation relating to the preservation of the Kathmandu Valley||52,000 USD|
|1994||Financial contribution for the restoration of Patukva Agamchen Monument in Patan, Kathmandu Valley||20,600 USD|
|1994||Financial contribution for the restoration of Degu Taleju Mandir Monument in Patan, Kathmandu Valley||24,310 USD|
|1989||Work and equipment for the restoration of the roof of the Patan Temple in Kathmandu Valley||14,000 USD|
|1989||Urgent works for the restoration of the roof of the Patan Temple in Kathmandu Valley||20,000 USD|
|1980||Additional financial assistance for Swayambhu Temple in Kathmandu Valley||13,000 USD|
|1979||Financial assistance for the consolidation of Swayambhu Temple in Kathmandu Valley||30,000 USD|
UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds
Total amount provided to the property: USD 10 million (1979-2001)- International Safeguarding Campaign; USD 45,000 (2005) -Dutch Funds-in-Trust
Previous monitoring missions
February 2003: World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS mission; April and August 2005, April 2006, and April 2007: joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS reactive monitoring missions
|2007||Joint ICOMOS-UNESCO mission, Kathmandu Valley (24-29 April 2007)|
Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports
a) Uncontrolled urban development resulting in the loss of traditional urban fabric, in particular privately-owned houses;
b) Lack of coordinated management mechanism.
Current conservation issues
On 1 February 2008, the State Party submitted a report on implementation of the integrated management plan (IMP). This includes state of conservation reports on each of the monument zones.
The report comments on :
1. results of the bi-monthly Coordinative Working Committee (CWC) meetings;
2. establishment of a Documentation Centre with UNESCO support;
3. establishment of a conservation assistance fund to provide partial funding for the restoration of private historic buildings or the expropriation of threatened buildings;
4. publication in Nepali language of individual handbooks on each monument zone and the overall Integrated Management Framework (with UNESCO support);
5. “Interaction programs” with stakeholders in the monument zones;
6. preparation of an inventory of buildings in the buffer zones of the Patan and Bhaktapur monument zones;
7. detailed review of building permits issued;
8. compliance with associated regulations and ensuing corrective measures.
The report also details a first test of the IMP initiated by unauthorized road construction by the Department of Roads across important archaeological and natural heritage within the Pashupati Monument Zone. Following protests by those involved with the IMP to the highest levels of government, and responses to the proposal by the World Heritage Centre, construction of the road has been halted and mitigation measures are being devised.
The report also documents several dozen rehabilitation and restoration projects, large and small, being undertaken in the last year in the Seven Monument Zones, with support from the Department of Archaeology.
The World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies note the considerable progress made in implementing the IMP.
The World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies consider that it is important to follow up on the mitigation efforts directed to the new road begun by the Department of Roads in the Pashupati Monument Zone, and to ensure a clear resolution of this conflict designed both to respect the outstanding universal value of the property, and also to guide future planning by Governmental Departments to respect the requirements of the IMP.
Decision Adopted: 32COM 7B.76
The World Heritage Committee,
1. Having examined Document WHC-08/32.COM/7B,
2. Recalling Decision 31 COM 7A.23, adopted at its 31st session (Christchurch, 2007),
3. Notes the efforts made by the State Party to implement the integrated management plan (IMP) completed in June 2007; and encourages its to continue its efforts to increase support for effective and sustainable implementation of the IMP;
4. Requests the State Party to keep the World Heritage Centre informed on the follow-up to the mitigation efforts for the proposed new road in the Pashupati Monument Zone.