1.         Okapi Wildlife Reserve (Democratic Republic of the Congo) (N 718)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1996

Criteria  (x)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger   1997-present

Threats for which the property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger

Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger

Not yet drafted; In progress; Drafted; proposed for adoption in the draft Decision below ; Adopted, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/xxxx/

Corrective measures identified

The following corrective measures were identified by the 2006 UNESCO / IUCN mission and adopted by the World Heritage Committee at its 30th session (Vilnius, 2006):

a) Ensure the immediate withdrawal of military personnel of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) army involved in poaching, ivory trafficking and illegal mining;

b) Close down and prevent all illegal mining operations inside the property;

c) Suspend the rehabilitation works on the RN4 national road crossing the property, to allow for a proper Environmental Impact Assessment and until proper measures to reduce its expected environmental impact are put in place;

d) Establish a trust fund for the rehabilitation of the DRC World Heritage properties;

e) Establish permanent cooperation between the political and military authorities at provincial level, the United Nations Organization Mission in DRC (MONUC) and the authority responsible for the management of the property (ICCN) to eliminate illegal activities in and around the property;

f) In cooperation with the Government of Uganda, stop the illegal trafficking of timber, minerals and ivory across the DRC/Uganda border in north-eastern DRC;

g) Prepare a forest zoning plan for the forest areas adjacent to the property to protect it from negative impacts resulting from unsustainable forest exploitation;

h) Legalize and scale-up the pilot system put in place by ICCN to regulate and monitor immigration as well as traffic on the RN4 road, including the establishment of a permit system with transit charges;

i) Take measures to reinforce and reinvigorate the guard force and to improve its efficiency.

Timeframe for the implementation of the corrective measures

Not yet identified; In progress; Identified; proposed for adoption in the draft Decision below ; Adopted, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/xxxx

Previous Committee Decisions  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/718/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1993-2000)
Total amount approved: USD 28,400
For details, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/718/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

Total amount provided to the property: First phase of the UNF and Belgium funded programme for the Conservation of the DRC World Heritage properties (“DRC programme”). (2001–2005): approximately USD 250,000. Current phase (2005-2008): USD 300,000.

Previous monitoring missions

1996 and 2006: UNESCO monitoring missions; several other UNESCO missions in the framework of the DRC programme. 

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

a) Extensive poaching of large mammals, in particular elephants;

b) Mining activities inside the property;

c) Uncontrolled migration into the villages located within the property;

d) Illegal timber exploitation in the Ituri forest, which might affect the property in the near future;

e) Planned rehabilitation of the National Road RN4 crossing the property, for which no proper Environmental Impact Assessment was conducted. 

Illustrative material  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/718/

Current conservation issues

350 words

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre and IUCN

500 words

Draft Decision: 42 COM 7A.

The World Heritage Committee,

1.         Having examined Document WHC/18/42.COM/7A,

2.         Recalling Decision

2.         Heading 7

a)         Heading 8

(i)         Heading 9

2.         Requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2019, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 43nd session in 2019;

2.         Decides to retain Okapi Wildlife Reserve (Democratic Republic of the Congo) on the List of World Heritage in Danger.