1.         Ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Ruins of Songo Mnara (United Republic of Tanzania) (C 144)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1981

Criteria  (iii)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger   2004-2014

Threats for which the property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger

Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger

a) Rehabilitation of at least 70% of the heritage monuments;

b) Surveyed and demarcated boundaries as well as the extension of the property to include Kilwa Kivinje and Sanje Ya Kati;

c) Established proper land-use plan;

d) Demonstrated progress in the implementation of the management and the conservation plan;

e) Fully established on-site administrative structures;

f) Halted sea-wave action; 

Corrective measures identified

a) Implement urgent measures to halt sea-wave action;

b) Survey and demarcate the boundaries of the property including extension;

c) Improve and implement the management and conservation plans;

d) Provide for on-site management staff;

e) Halt the vegetation growth within and around monuments;

f) Halt of illegal removal of monuments stone for private constructions.

Timeframe for the implementation of the corrective measures

Not yet identified; In progress; Identified; proposed for adoption in the draft Decision below ; Adopted, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/xxxx

Previous Committee Decisions  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/144/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1983-2009)
Total amount approved: USD 56,053
For details, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/144/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

Total amount provided to the property: Support from the French and Japanese governments to UNESCO project (USD 1,438,000). The Norwegian Funds-in-Trust provided support for UNESCO rehabilitation project (USD 201,390).

Previous monitoring missions

February 2004: ICOMOS mission; June 2008 and March 2009: Joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS reactive monitoring missions.

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

a) Deterioration of the architectural heritage fabric;

b) Lack of approved statement of outstanding universal value;

c) Lack of using the management plan as the main vehicle for managing the property;

d) Lack of approved boundaries for the property and its buffer zone linked to the land-use plans and appropriate protection;

e) Need to extend the property to include Kilwa Kivinje and Sanje Ya Kati;

f) Lack of functioning local consultative committee;

g) Lack of implementation of the conservation and management plans. 

Illustrative material  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/144/

Current conservation issues

350 words

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

500 words

Draft Decision: 42 COM 7A.

The World Heritage Committee,

1.         Having examined Document WHC/18/42.COM/7A,

2.         Recalling Decision

2.         Heading 7

a)         Heading 8

(i)         Heading 9

2.         Requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2019, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 43nd session in 2019;

2.         Decides to retain Ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Ruins of Songo Mnara (United Republic of Tanzania) on the List of World Heritage in Danger.