1.         Garamba National Park (Democratic Republic of the Congo) (N 136)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1980

Criteria  (vii)(x)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger   1984-1992, 1996-present

Threats for which the property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger

Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger

Not yet drafted; In progress; Drafted; proposed for adoption in the draft Decision below ; Adopted, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/xxxx/

Corrective measures identified

The following corrective measures were recommended by the 2006 World Heritage Centre / IUCN mission and approved by the World Heritage Committee at its 30th session (Vilnius, 2006):

a) Ensure the protection of the border between the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Sudan within and adjacent to the property ;

b) Improve the efficacy of the military brigade posted around the property to secure the Park and adjacent hunting areas by replacing the current brigade by a brigade that went through the reunification and retraining programme and by ensuring they are adequately equipped;

c) Ensure that the ICCN guard force is properly equipped and, in particular, has adequate arms and ammunition;

d) Undertake, in cooperation with the United Nations Organization Mission to the DRC (MONUC), a disarmament campaign within the communities living around the property, whilst at the same time improving the security situation in the region;

e) Reinforce cooperation with the Government of Sudan to better control incursions of armed groups into the DRC and the property;

f) Maintain and strengthen anti-poaching efforts, in particular in the southern sector of the Park where the presence of Northern white rhino was confirmed by the 2006 survey;

g) Strengthen efforts to improve relations with local communities surrounding the Park, particularly through developing and implementing a community conservation progamme;

h) Take urgent measures to reinforce and reinvigorate the Garamba Park guard force;

i) Reinstate detailed monitoring of the rhino population in the property through a specialized monitoring team, building on the know-how available in ICCN and the African Rhino Specialist Group (AfRSG);

j) Establish a trust fund for the rehabilitation of the DRC World Heritage properties. 

Timeframe for the implementation of the corrective measures

Not yet identified; In progress; Identified; proposed for adoption in the draft Decision below ; Adopted, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/xxxx

Previous Committee Decisions  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/136/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1980-2000)
Total amount approved: USD 248,270
For details, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/136/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

Total amount provided to the property : Conservation Programme for the RDC World Heritage properties ("RDC Programme") financed by the UNF, Belgium and Italy: (2001-2005) approximately USD 400,000; (2005-2008): USD 600,000. Two additional amounts from the Rapid Response Facility (totalling USD 60,000) training of guards and more recently replacement of communication equipment. 

Previous monitoring missions

2006: World Heritage Centre/IUCN monitoring mission. Several UNESCO missions in the framework of the « DRC Programme ». 

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

a) Armed conflict and political instability;

b) Poaching by nationals and Sudanese;

c) Ill-adapted management capabilities.

Illustrative material  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/136/

Current conservation issues

350 words

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre and IUCN

500 words

Draft Decision: 42 COM 7A.

The World Heritage Committee,

1.         Having examined Document WHC/18/42.COM/7A,

2.         Recalling Decision

2.         Heading 7

a)         Heading 8

(i)         Heading 9

2.         Requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2019, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 43nd session in 2019;

2.         Decides to retain Garamba National Park (Democratic Republic of the Congo) on the List of World Heritage in Danger.