Year of inscription on the World Heritage List
Group of Monuments at Hampi: 1986
Group of Monuments at Hampi: (i)(iii)(iv)
Previous Committee Decisions:
See page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/475
See page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/475
Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger
Threats for which the property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger The inclusion of the Groups of Monuments at Hampi on the List of World Heritage in Danger was prompted by the construction of two suspension bridges which dominate the natural environment and threaten the World Heritage site's integrity. The construction of a road towards one of the bridges will result in a major increase in heavy goods traffic and has already resulted in the dismantling and reconstruction of an important historic monument - a mandapa (a pillared stone rest-house) within the borders of the site. This dislocation signifies serious problems in the implementation of cultural heritage policies and regulations.
Threats for which the property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger
The inclusion of the Groups of Monuments at Hampi on the List of World Heritage in Danger was prompted by the construction of two suspension bridges which dominate the natural environment and threaten the World Heritage site's integrity. The construction of a road towards one of the bridges will result in a major increase in heavy goods traffic and has already resulted in the dismantling and reconstruction of an important historic monument - a mandapa (a pillared stone rest-house) within the borders of the site. This dislocation signifies serious problems in the implementation of cultural heritage policies and regulations.
Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger
Corrective measures identified
Requests Approved: 0
Total Amount Approved: 92,370USD
|2003||Emergency assistance to elaborate a management plan for Hampi World Heritage site in Danger||75,000 USD|
|2001|| Study trip of Indian site management authorities of Hampi W H Property in Danger to U K to increase national and local capacity for enhanced management (NOT IMPLEMENTED)
Reapproval: 09 Apr, 2002 (n°1522 - 17,370 USD)
UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds
Total amount provided to the property: Funding under the France-UNESCO Co-operation Agreement for expert missions (2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008 and 2009) for a total amount of 20,000 Euros.
Previous monitoring missions
2000: World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS reactive monitoring mission; 2001: expert technical assessment mission; 2003 and 2004: World Heritage Centre and expert advisory missions; August 2005: World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS advisory mission; January 2007: World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS mission; March 2009: UNESCO New Delhi Office technical mission to the property.
|2007||Report on the joint UNESCO – ICOMOS reactive monitoring mission to the group of monuments at Hampi (Karnataka, India) 11 - 18 January 2007|
Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports
a) Lack of an operational site management plan;
b) Lack of traffic regulations limiting heavy duty vehicular traffic.
Current conservation issues
On 1 February 2010, the State Party submitted a draft Integrated Management Plan (IMP) for the “Hampi World Heritage Area” with two annexes and some maps. However, the State Party did not submit a report on the state of conservation of the property providing information on the progress achieved with regard to the issues raised by the World Heritage Committee in its decision taken at the 33rd session.
The State Party did not either submit a draft Statement of Outstanding Universal Value nor a request for the extension of the boundaries of the property and its buffer zone, as requested by the World Heritage Committee in Decision 33 COM 7B.71.
With regard to the Integrated Management Plan (IMP), the draft submitted by the State Party is an impressive document of over 500 pages, complemented by a “Tourism Development Strategy”, a study on transportation in Hampi, a ”Heritage conservation & development plan for the Anegundi Village”, as well as several annexes and maps. The draft Management Plan is structured around 14 chapters, including consideration for the conservation of the archaeological areas, community development and tourism. It contains also an extensive Action Plan and provisions for monitoring.
The World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies understand that the IMP has not yet been adopted and needs to be finalised by the Hampi World Heritage Area Management Authority, in conjunction with the Archaeological Survey of India and other stakeholders.
Whilst revealing a considerable range of aspirations and significant challenges that need to be addressed in the management and future well-being of the property, the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies consider that the draft IMP – a profoundly detailed material - does not make for easy interpretation of what actual managerial, technical, pragmatic and operational actions will be taken to resolve the plethora of issues raised in the property. For ease of working, implementation and monitoring, the relevant recommendations covering the plan period need to be comprehensively prioritised, condensed from the weighty documentation, and set out in a summary of the operational IMP document. The draft IMP, moreover, does not seem to provide details on building regulations applicable for each category of zones within the new proposed boundaries of the property and its buffer zone, as well as the related urban design guidelines, as requested by the Committee. It does not either contain a clear proposal on traffic regulations limiting heavy duty vehicular traffic (requested by the World Heritage Committee by its Decision 32 COM 7B.70).
With regard to the other issues raised by the World Heritage Committee in its Decision 33 COM 7B.71, notably the encouragement to demolish the remaining pillars of the collapsed bridge, the consideration of a new more appropriate location for the bridge, and the concern over illegal constructions and other developments within the areas that are being considered for the possible extension of the property, no information has been provided by the State Party.
The World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies express concern that the Statement of Outstanding Universal Value has not been submitted, that the IMP has not yet been fully adopted, implemented and resourced. They note that the property boundary has now been delineated, significantly larger than the one defining the inscribed property, although no request has been submitted by the State Party to obtain formal approval by the Committee for an extended World Heritage site and buffer zone.
Many of these issues relate to the recommendations of the 2007 mission report. Given the vulnerability of this property from development and the commitment expressed by the State Party when the property was removed from the List of World Heritage in Danger, in 2006, that the IMP would be finalised and fully implemented, the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies consider that the decisions taken by the Committee at its 31st, 32nd and 33rd sessions have not yet been fully implemented. These works need to be undertaken with some urgency in order to have in place robust management systems that can address the conservation, protection, development and management challenges.
Decision Adopted: 34COM 7B.67
The World Heritage Committee,
1. Having examined Document WHC-10/34.COM/7B.Add,
2. Recalling Decision 33 COM 7B.71, adopted at its 33rd session (Seville, 2009),
3. Notes the progress made by the State Party in developing a draft Management Plan;
4. Requests the State Party, as a matter of urgency, to:
a) Prepare a draft Statement of Outstanding Universal Value and submit it to the World Heritage Centre, for examination by the World Heritage Committee, by 1 February 2011;
b) Submit an official request for the extension of the buffer zone boundaries of the property according to the procedure of the Operational Guidelines by 1 February 2011;
c) Complete the Integrated Management Plan (IMP) and submit it to the World Heritage Centre by 1 February 2011 together with a condensed synthesis and, prioritization of the existing recommendations and intentions, for examination by the World Heritage Committee;
d) Provide confirmation that the IMP has been approved, is fully resourced and will be implemented;
e) Stop illegal constructions within the property and the buffer zone area (namely in Hampi Village and Virupapura Gada Island), and control and manage other planned developments, such as social housing projects, to ensure that they do not have a negative impact on the integrity of the landscape;
5. Recalls its request to the State Party to:
a) Demolish and remove the remaining debris, pillars and carriageway of the collapsed bridge;
b) Consider a new more appropriate location for a vehicular bridge outside of the current and possible future boundaries of the property;
6. Also requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre by 1 February 2011 a report on progress made in the implementation of the above recommendations for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 35th session in 2011.