1.         City of Quito (Ecuador) (C 2)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1978

Criteria  (ii)(iv)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/2/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1981-1999)
Total amount approved: USD 391,800
For details, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/2/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

N/A

Previous monitoring missions

March 2009: joint WHC /ICOMOS reactive monitoring mission

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

(a) Development pressures which impact the authenticity of the site;

(b) Weaknesses in the decision making process regarding conservation.

Illustrative material  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/2/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2010

On 8February 2010, the World Heritage Centre received a state of conservation report submitted by the State Party, detailing the progress made in implementing Decision 33 COM 7B.136 adopted by the World Heritage Committee at its 33rd session (Seville, 2009) as well as the recommendations made by the Joint WHC/ICOMOS Expert Mission in March 2009, as follows:

a) Reconstruction of the Church Tower Monumental Complex Compañía de Jesús of Quito

The State Party has reported that the World Heritage Committee’s request to help with the works has been communicated to the relevant parties, in accordance with Decision 33 COM 7B.136. However the report further stated that the Compañía de Jesús is “interested in developing a project that considers the intervention of the whole Jesuit Complex and to fundamentally include the bell tower, the study is also to install a conventual hotel and Jesuit Musem”. The State Party indicated that preliminary information of this project was to be submitted in April 2010.

b) Multisectorial evaluation of the architectural complex :

The State Party recorded the signing of an agreement between the Municipality of Quito and the Compañía de Jesús to work on the evaluation of the Jesuit Complex and also in establishing the attributes that contribute to the Outstanding Universal Value of the property. The objectives of this agreement are :(1) to coordinate actions to preserve the physical and historical integrity of the Building of the Compañía de Jesús; and (2) to set up a high level technical team to conduct the necessary integral study, as requested by the World Heritage Committee, that will allow historical buildings of the Compañía de Jesús to be used as a church tower, a hotel and a museum, and included within the existing ensemble.

c) The use of the structure as a bell tower:

The State Party has indicated that an alternative to the previous proposals will be submitted to the World Heritage Centre as soon as studies are concluded in the second semester of 2010.

d) Tourism operation and related security measures

The State Party reports that the terms of reference for contracting the touristic operations studies is being developed by the Municipality of Quito, and has indicated that the final report by the contracting party will be concluded September 2010, which will then be submitted to the World Heritage Centre. There is no indication as to the role of the National Institute for Cultural Heritage (INPC) in this regard.

e) Submission of information as per Paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines

Studies for future interventions started in December 2009 will be completed in August 2010 by the Commission. When this is finished, the State Party has indicated that it will be sent to the World Heritage Centre. No documentation has been submitted regarding the decision making process or calendar for planned future interventions.

f) Retrospective Statement of Outstanding Universal Value

From 26 to 28 November 2009 the “Workshop on the preparation of the Retrospective Inventory and Retrospective statement of Outstanding Universal Value (of the properties included on the World Heritage List) and an introduction to the Second Cycle of the Periodic Reporting for the Latin America and Caribbean Region” took place in Buenos Aires, Argentina. The participants (of which Ecuador was represented) were trained on how to develop the Retrospective Statement of Outstanding Universal Value to be submitted by 31 July 2010.

The INPC in collaboration with the Municipality of Quito and FONSAL have signed an agreement to develop the Retrospective Inventory and the Retrospective Statement of Outstanding Universal Value.

g) Definition of the boundaries of the property and related legal frameworks

The State Party reported that it initiated the actualization and definition of limits in December 2009, and this information will be concluded in August 2010. No relevant legal framework has been submitted.

h) National and local responsibilities at the property

The State Party gave very little information on this matter and reported that it is presently reviewing its legal and administrative framework, one of which is the modification of the Culture Law which will establish the basis for the new national culture system. Approval for this Law has been extended to February 2010. No reference has been made as to how the implementation of the World Heritage Convention could be affected.

i) Principles and regulations for interventions on on built heritage

The state of conservation report stated that ordinances will be developed as part of the report on the Retrospective Inventory. The State Party has informed through its report, that these will be submitted to the World Heritage Centre when completed. No established timeframe for completion has been indicated. There is also no mention of the reactive monitoring mission’s recommendation regarding the formulation of a conservation plan for the religious ensembles of Quito.

j) Communication with the World Heritage Committee

The State Party has informed that they will follow established communication mechanisms between the State Party and UNESCO - that of working through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the State Party’s Delegation to UNESCO. No information was included for defining the decision making process on World Heritage matters at the property at the local and national levels.

k) Other Conservation Issues

The State Party has not elaborated on recommendations made by the 2009 reactive monitoring mission with regards to the Legislative Palace. There is also no further information on the ‘Tren Ligero’ public transportation project. No information was received on the inventory of built cultural heritage.

The World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies consider that any interventions should be assessed in relation to their potential impacts on the Outstanding Universal Value of the property. For this reason the multisector evaluation of the architectural complex and the evaluation of its attributes should be submitted to the World Heritage Centre for review alongside the draft retrospective Statement of Outstanding Universal Value as a basis for future decision making.

The World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies understand that the works have been suspended until the study of the Jesuit Complex has been finalized. No substantial advances were developed in response to the recommendations of the reactive monitoring mission in particular to the decision making process at the property.

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

N/A

Decision Adopted: 34 COM 7B.109

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Having examined Document WHC-10/34.COM/7B,

2. Recalling Decision 33 COM 7B.136, adopted at its 33rd session (Seville, 2009),

3. Acknowledges the suspension of reconstruction works in the Tower of the Companía de Jesús and awaits the submission of the new proposal to restore the use of the bell tower;

4. Also acknowledges that the State Party will conclude definitions to the limits of the inscribed property and buffer zone, and that the appropriate cartography and legal framework for protection will be submitted for approval within the framework of the Retrospective Inventory for the Latin America and Caribbean Region;

5. Requests the State Party to implement the recommendations of the 2009 reactive monitoring mission and submit as a priority:

a) A clear definition of the national and local responsibilities for the property in the decision making process,

b) The review of the legal and administrative framework, particularly modifications to the Cultural Law and how they will impact the implementation of the World Heritage Convention,

c) The touristic studies on the operation of the Monument Complex to ensure that international standards and security measures are in place;

6. Also requests the State Party to ensure that the comprehensive evaluation of the values and the related attributes of the Jesuit Complex and how they contribute to the integrity and authenticity of the property is developed alongside the drafting of a retrospective Statement of Outstanding Universal Value;

7. Encourages the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies the following information:

a) The development of a conservation plan for the religious ensembles of Quito, and to conduct an inventory of built cultural heritage within the inscribed property,

b) In accordance with Paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines, technical documentation on the Tren Ligero public transportation project, including an environmental impact assessment to consider the potential impacts on the Outstanding Universal Value of the property;

8. Further requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2011, a detailed report on the state of conservation of the property and on the progress made in the implementation of the above recommendations as well as a timetable of planned activities for 2011, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 35th session in 2011.