1.         Samarra Archaeological City (Iraq) (C 276rev)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  2007

Criteria  (ii)(iii)(iv)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger   2007-present

Threats for which the property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger

State of conflict in the country that does not allow the responsible authorities to assure the protection and management of the property.

Corrective measures identified

a) Establishment of a local management coordination unit on the site;

b) Preparation and implementation of a Conservation and Management Plan;

c) Maintenance and emergency conservation activities.

Previous Committee Decisions  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/276/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved: USD 0
For details, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/276/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

Total amount provided to the property: USD 100,000 from the Nordic World Heritage Fund for training and documentation aiming at the preparation of the Nomination File.

Previous monitoring missions

N/A

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

a) Weathering and lack of maintenance affecting the fragile structures;

b) State of conflict in the country that does not allow the responsible authorities to assure the protection and management of the property.

Illustrative material  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/276/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2010

The State Party submitted a report dated 21 January 2010, which noted that a maintenance and management plan was being prepared for the property.

The report further noted that during 2009, excavation and maintenance work had been carried out on one of the main palaces of the city of Samarra, Bayt al-Zakharif, near the Malwiya Mosque. The report also noted that it expected to protect the excavated remains with a metal roof. The State Party report indicates that it expects to carry out maintenance work on the buildings of Qasr al-Khalifa (the Caliph’s Palace), al-Birka al-Dairiya (the circular pool), Qasr al-Hayr (the GardenPalace) and the Malwiya Mosque during 2010. However, no update on the state of conservation and on the damages mentioned in the 2009 report is provided in the present report.

The State Party report mentions that a request for building a new museum and site headquarters near the Malwiya Mosque had been submitted to the Salah ad-Din governorate and was currently under evaluation.

The State Party report calls for provision of international assistance for the property and stresses that after six years of neglect the buildings require evaluation by international experts so that a clear strategy can be drawn up for the commencement of maintenance and conservation. The report suggests additionally the need for grants, conservation workshops and preparing a site management plan. ..

It should be acknowledged that the World Heritage Committee, at its 33rd session, encouraged the State Party to submit an International Assistance request for technical cooperation in order to address the damages to the property, and the need to develop remedial strategies which take into account the geographical extent of the property and its present security conditions; the State Party has not yet submitted such a request.

Finally, the State Party expresses its wish to retain Samarra on the World Heritage List in Danger because of continuing violations of the country’s antiquities, a lack of respect for the Antiquities Law and illegal digging. .

The State Party participated in the Periodic Reporting exercise and submitted an incomplete Statement of Outstanding Universal Value for the property on 13 January 2010 which was returned for revision.

The mission requested by the World Heritage Committee could not take place due to the overall situation in the country and the complexity of security and logistical requirements.

The World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies commend the State Party for its efforts to improve conservation of the property and to initiate management and maintenance planning, but are concerned by the lack of support available for maintenance and conservation measures. .

The World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies further support the need to carry out a reactive monitoring mission at the earliest opportunity, as and when local security conditions will permit. 

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

N/A

Decision Adopted: 34 COM 7A.19

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Having examined Document WHC-10/34.COM/7A,

2. Recalling Decision 33 COM 7A.17, adopted at its 33rd session (Seville, 2009),

3. Requests the State Party, should the situation allow it, to implement the corrective measures identified:

a) Establishment of a local management unit on the site,

b) Preparation and implementation of a conservation and management plan,

c) Maintenance and emergency conservation activities;

4. Reiterates its request to the State Party to develop, in consultation with the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies, a proposal for the Desired State of Conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger and to finalize the Statement of Outstanding Universal Value for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 35th session in 2011;

5. Encourages the State Party to submit an International Assistance Request for technical cooperation in order to address the damages to the property and the need to develop remedial strategies, which take into account the geographical extent of the property and its present security conditions;

6. Calls upon the international community to assist, in every way possible, the State Party in the protection of this property;

7. Also requests the State Party, should the conditions allow, to invite a joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS reactive monitoring mission to Samarra to assess the state of conservation of the property;

8. Further requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2011, a report for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 35th session in 2011;

9.  Decides to retain Samarra Archaeological City (Iraq) on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

Decision Adopted: 34 COM 8C.2

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Following the examination of the state of conservation reports of properties inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger (WHC-10/34.COM/7A, WHC-10/34.COM/7A.Add and WHC-10/34.COM/7A.Add.2),

2. Decides to retain the following properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger: