Year of inscription on the World Heritage List 1981
Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger 2004 -2014
Threats for which the property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger
Deterioration and decay leading to the collapse of the historical and archaeological structures for which the property was inscribed
Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger
The following desired state of conservation was adopted by the World Heritage Committee at its 32nd session (Quebec City , 2008):
a) Rehabilitation of at least 70% of the heritage monuments;
b) Surveyed and demarcated boundaries as well as the extension of the property to include Kilwa Kivinje and Sanje Ya Kati;
c) Established proper land-use plan;
d) Demonstrated progress in the implementation of the management and the conservation plan;
e) Fully established on-site administrative structures;
f) Halted sea-wave action.
Corrective measures identified
The following timeframe was adopted by the World Heritage Committee at its 32nd session (Quebec City, 2008):
a) Implement urgent measures to halt sea-wave action;
b) Survey and demarcate the boundaries of the property including extension;
c) Improve and implement the management and conservation plans;
d) Provide for on-site management staff;
e) Halt the vegetation growth within and around monuments;
f) Halt of illegal removal of monuments’ stone for private constructions.
Timeframe for the implementation of corrective measures
The following corrective measures were adopted by the World Heritage Committee at its 32nd session (Quebec City, 2008):
a) Changes within two years:
Delineation of the boundaries of the property and buffer zones. This should also include the extension of the property to include Kilwa Kivinje and Sanje Ya Kati, the boundaries and the extension to be submitted for consideration by the 35th session of the World Heritage Committee;
b) Changes within three years:
(i) Implementation of the management plan should be advanced, and there should be signs of rehabilitation of architectural heritage;
(ii) Management structures should be well established in each serial site with an operational office and staff;
(iii) Establishment of a proper land-use plan to protect sites integrity and resolve future land conflicts;
c) Changes within five years:
Recovery of most of the architectural heritage should be completed (though full recovery will take much longer and will require sustained effort for over a decade).
Previous Committee Decisions see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/144/documents/
Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved: USD 56,053
For details, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/144/assistance/
UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds
Total amount provided to the property: The Norwegian Funds-in-Trust provided support for UNESCO rehabilitation project (USD 201,390).
Previous monitoring missions
February 2004: ICOMOS mission; June 2008 and March 2009: Joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS reactive monitoring missions.
Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports
a) Lack of approved boundaries for core and buffer zones linked to the land-use plans and appropriate protection;
b) Deterioration of the architectural heritage fabric;
c) Sea wave erosion;
d) Theft of stone from ruins for use as building material;
e) Lack of functioning local consultative committee;
f) Lack of implementation of the conservation and management plans.
Illustrative material see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/144/
Current conservation issues
Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM
The World Heritage Committee,
1. Having examined Document WHC-15/39.COM/7A,
2. Recalling Decision
2. Heading 7
a) Heading 8
(i) Heading 9
2. Requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2016, an updated report, including a 1-page executive summary, on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 40th session in 2016;
2. Decides to retain Ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Ruins of Songo Mnara (United Republic of Tanzania) on the List of World Heritage in Danger.