Year of inscription on the World Heritage List
Coro and its Port: 1993
Coro and its Port: (iv)(v)
Previous Committee Decisions:
See page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/475
See page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/475
Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger
Threats for which the property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger Heavy rains between November 2004 and February 2005 caused severe damage to a great number of structures. The situation is aggravated by the deteriorated condition of numerous historic structures, as well as the construction of inappropriate walls and fences. In addition, the construction of a new monument, a beach walkway and an entrance gate to the city is planned in Colina (the port of La Vela). These are located along the beach in the buffer zone of the World Heritage site, and in their present form could have a considerable impact on the values of the site and disrupt the relation of the port city with the water.
Threats for which the property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger
Heavy rains between November 2004 and February 2005 caused severe damage to a great number of structures. The situation is aggravated by the deteriorated condition of numerous historic structures, as well as the construction of inappropriate walls and fences. In addition, the construction of a new monument, a beach walkway and an entrance gate to the city is planned in Colina (the port of La Vela). These are located along the beach in the buffer zone of the World Heritage site, and in their present form could have a considerable impact on the values of the site and disrupt the relation of the port city with the water.
Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger
a) Presidential signature of the PLINCODE (Plan Integral de Conservación y Desarrollo para Coro y La Vela), submitted to the authorities in August 2006;
b) Effective functioning of the management structure and institutional arrangements foreseen in the PLINCODE, with sufficient allocated resources;
c) Completion of comprehensive drainage systems as well as the rehabilitation of underground networks, public spaces, sidewalks and streets in the historical area;
d) Prioritized implementation of a comprehensive conservation plan.
Corrective measures identified
a) Obtain official approval of the PLINCODE at the presidential level;
b) Reinforce the Framework Agreement for Emergency Intervention in the area of Coro and La Vela, signed by the IPC, mayors of the municipalities of Miranda and the regional government on 14 February 2006;
c) Create a Council to assist the Technical Office (OTAE) to plan the investment of resources, and to formulate and revise intervention projects on the infrastructure, buildings and public spaces of the property;
d) Formulate and prioritize a comprehensive conservation plan to complement the existing PLINCODE by defining a precise course of action with intervention criteria and monitoring mechanisms to assess its effectiveness and implementation;
e) Strengthen capacity building for conservation and restoration through existing opportunities of workshops with the schools of conservation in La Vela and Coro;
f) Create awareness in the local community through exhibitions and community involvement.
Timeframe for the implementation of the corrective measures
a) The Presidential Commission was established in 2005 and the Framework Agreement with the local government was signed in February 2006.
b) A conservation plan was developed in 2007, and priority actions are currently being implemented (2008). Since PLINCODE has not been officially signed, the definitive timeframe has not been established. Following the Presidential signature to ensure its ratification, the necessary corrective mechanisms of PLINCODE can be fully implemented.
Requests Approved: 0
Total Amount Approved: 0USD
UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds
Total amount provided to the property: USD 20,000 (Spanish Funds-in-Trust) for the planning, implementation and subsequent publications of participatory workshops and meetings with artisans and civil society in Coro and La Vela.
Previous monitoring missions
December 2003: Roundtable in conservation and management; September 2006: Evaluation of the state of conservation Mission; July-August 2002, April 2005 and May 2008: Joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS reactive monitoring missions
|2008||Estado de Conservación de Coro y su Puerto, Venezuela, sitio del Patrimonio Mundial. Reporte de la tercera Misión UNESCO - ICOMOS 9 al 13 de mayo de 2008|
Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports
a) Serious deterioration of materials and structures;
b) Deterioration of the architectural and urban coherence and integrity of the property;
c) Lack of adequate management, planning and conservation mechanisms;
d) Absence of communication from the State Party since 2007.
Current conservation issues
The State Party did not submit a state of conservation report in 2009 and 2010, as requested by the World Heritage Committee at its 32nd (Quebec City, 2008) and 33rd (Seville, 2009) sessions respectively, despite official correspondence to the State Party in August and December 2009 and in January 2010. These letters have remained unanswered.
From 26 to 28 November 2009, the “Workshop on the preparation of the Retrospective Inventory and Retrospective Statements of Outstanding Universal Value (of the properties included on the World Heritage List) and an introduction to the Second Cycle of the Periodic Reporting for the Latin America and Caribbean Region” took place in Buenos Aires (Argentina). Participants were briefed on the future activities regarding the launching of the Second Cycle of the Periodic Reporting exercise for the Latin America and Caribbean Region. There was no cultural representative from Venezuela.
The World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies remain deeply concerned about the lack of reporting over the past two years from the State Party, particularly in light of the site’s listing on the List of World Heritage in Danger and the state of conservation highlighted in past reports. Keeping in mind Article 6 of the World Heritage Convention which recognises that it is the duty of the international community as a whole to cooperate in the protection of World Heritage, the World Heritage Committee has a duty to explore all possible options for the benefit of the property within the framework of the World Heritage Convention. If the lack of communication persists, and no response is provided to the decisions of the World Heritage Committee including the absence of an invitation by the State Party for a reactive monitoring mission to assess the state of conservation of the property, the World Heritage Committee should explore at the highest political level all possible means to avoid the deletion of this property from the World Heritage List.
Decision Adopted: 34COM 7A.31
The World Heritage Committee,
1. Having examined Document WHC-10/34.COM/7A.Add,
2. Recalling Decision33 COM 7A.30, adopted at its 33rd session (Seville, 2009),
3. Regrets that the State Party did not submit the required state of conservation report for the second consecutive year in spite of the requests made by the World Heritage Committee;
4. Takes note of the letter sent to the World Heritage Centre on 20 July 2010 informing of the decision to set up a new management structure, in full coherence with the National Constitution and the Organic Law of Public Administration in force;
5. Requests the State Party to inform the World Heritage Committee of the official approval of the new management tool by the relevant authorities, and subsequently submit the new management plan and the related measures to the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies;
6. Also requests the State Party to invite a joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS reactive monitoring mission to the property to assess the progress made in the implementation of the corrective measures aimed at achieving the Desired State of Conservation, and to collaborate with the State Party in finalizing the property's Retrospective Statement of Outstanding Universal Value;
7. Further requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2011, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 35th session in 2011;
8. Decides to retain Coro and its Port (Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela) on the List of World Heritage in Danger.
Decision Adopted: 34COM 8C.2
The World Heritage Committee,
1. Following the examination of the state of conservation reports of properties inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger (WHC-10/34.COM/7A, WHC-10/34.COM/7A.Add and WHC-10/34.COM/7A.Add.2),
2. Decides to retain the following properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger: