Year of inscription on the World Heritage List 2003
Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger 2003-present
Threats for which the property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger
Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger
a) Site security ensured;
b) Long-term stability of the Giant Buddha niches ensured;
c) Adequate state of conservation of archaeological remains and mural paintings achieved;
d) Management Plan and Cultural Master Plan (the protective zoning plan) implemented.
Corrective measures identified
a) Ensure site security by:
(i) exerting strict control of illicit excavations and looting through hiring of adequate number of trained site guards, and
(ii) clearing unexploded ordnances and anti-personnel mines from the property;
b) Ensure long-term stability of the Giant Buddha niches by installing a permanent monitoring system;
c) Ensure adequate state of conservation of archaeological remains and mural paintings by:
(i) completing the conservation of the fragments of the Giant Buddha statues;
(ii) completing the conservation of the mural paintings in the prioritized Buddhist caves;
d) Implement the Management Plan and the Cultural Master Plan (the protective zoning plan) by developing institutional capacity, notably for the Ministry of Culture and the intersectoral Bamiyan Cultural Landscape Coordination Committee (BCLCC).
Timeframe for the implementation of the corrective measures
The authorities of Afghanistan proposed the desired state of conservation should be attained by 2013, if security conditions allow, during the 8th Expert Working Group for the Preservation of the Bamiyan site, Munich, Germany, 25 - 26 March 2010.
Previous Committee Decisions see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/208/documents/
Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved: USD 30,000
For details, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/208/assistance/
UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds
Total amount provided to the property: USD 4,781,737 (2003-2010) through the Japanese Funds-in-Trust.
Previous monitoring missions
No reactive monitoring missions have been carried out, but UNESCO expert missions have been sent every year since 2002 in the context of the implementation of specific projects.
Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports
a) Risk of imminent collapse of the Giant Buddha niches;
b) Irreversible deterioration of the mural paintings;
c) Looting, illicit traffic and illegal excavations of cultural heritage assets;
d) Continued use of certain heritage areas for military posts;
e) Anti-personnel mines and unexploded ordinances (i.e. munitions).
Illustrative material see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/208/
Current conservation issues
Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM
The World Heritage Committee,
1. Having examined Document WHC-15/39.COM/7A,
2. Recalling Decision
2. Heading 7
a) Heading 8
(i) Heading 9
2. Requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2016, an updated report, including a 1-page executive summary, on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 40th session in 2016;
2. Decides to retain Cultural Landscape and Archaeological Remains of the Bamiyan Valley (Afghanistan) on the List of World Heritage in Danger.