1.         Great Burkhan Khaldun Mountain and its surrounding sacred landscape (Mongolia) (C 1440)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  2015

Criteria  (iv)(vi)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1440/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved: USD 0
For details, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1440/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds


Previous monitoring missions


Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Factors identified at the time of inscription of the property:

Illustrative material  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1440/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2019

On 3 December 2018, the State Party submitted a state of conservation report on the property, which is available at http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1440/documents.The report addresses progress made on the implementation of the previous Committee Decision and presents additional information on activities undertaken to support and enhance the understanding and management of the property, as follows:

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

The management of the property and its buffer zone is currently the responsibility of the Khan Khentii State Protected Area Administration, but will be transferred to a new statutory body, to be established in 2020.

The State Party reports much progress made in researching, demarcating and controlling the property, including on its legislation. The Khan Khentii State Protected Area Administration has undertaken meetings and conferences, in close collaboration with the Mongolian National Commission for UNESCO, the Japan World Heritage National Committee, and the Department of History and Archaeological Studies of the Mongolian Academy of Sciences. These interactions have included exchanging experiences on the management of this and other similar properties.

Research has focused mainly on natural heritage and on assessing the status and dynamics of hydrology, plant and animal populations. Collaboration with the Japan World Heritage National Committee and other institutes, including Japanese universities have resulted in expert meetings on the conservation and management of sacred landscape, but have not yet led to fieldwork research into the cultural heritage of the property, including archaeological heritage. These studies and international exchanges are commendable and the Committee may wish to congratulate all parties involved.

The State Party also highlights the steps taken to legislate the protection of the property and its buffer zone, including the 2014 legislation of cultural heritage memorial sites to include World Heritage. New legislation, implemented since the inscription of the property on the World Heritage List in 2015, includes the implementation of a series of sanctions that can be imposed, should illegal activities be undertaken within the boundaries and buffer zones of cultural heritage memorial sites, and therefore also the property. However, these sanctions are not sufficiently dissuasive.

Other positive actions include the establishment of a better fire control infrastructure, a formalized property entrance, the demarcation of the property, the publication of material on the history and heritage of the property, and better accommodation for the rangers of the property. However, these activities have not yet led to:

It would be beneficial for the property if these aspects could be addressed even before the establishment of the new statutory management authority in 2020, as they may have an influence on the nature, organizational structure, and specific skill required for such an authority.

Decision Adopted: 43 COM 7B.69

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC/19/43.COM/7B,
  2. Recalling Decision 39 COM 8B.15, adopted at its 39th session (Bonn, 2015),
  3. Commends the State Party and its partners for the actions undertaken to further the conservation of the property;
  4. Requests the State Party to:
    1. Align the boundaries of Khan Khentii State Protected Area with the property boundary,
    2. Clarify the nature of the protection that the buffer zone should offer the property and provide further protective measures for the buffer zone, including appropriate regulatory process to limit land use and new construction,
    3. Submit an updated draft Management Plan with a timeline for its implementation for review by the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies,
    4. Develop and submit a Research and Conservation Plan for the cultural and natural heritage of the property, for review by the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies;
  5. Also requests the State Party to ensure that the new authority for the management and conservation of the property and its buffer zone, to be established in 2020, is allocated appropriate resources to implement an updated and approved Management Plan and Research and Conservation Plan for the property and its buffer zone;
  6. Finally requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 December 2020, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 45th session in 2021.