Year of inscription on the World Heritage List
Group of Monuments at Hampi: 1986
Group of Monuments at Hampi: (i)(iii)(iv)
Previous Committee Decisions:
See page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/475
See page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/475
Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger
Threats for which the property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger The inclusion of the Groups of Monuments at Hampi on the List of World Heritage in Danger was prompted by the construction of two suspension bridges which dominate the natural environment and threaten the World Heritage site's integrity. The construction of a road towards one of the bridges will result in a major increase in heavy goods traffic and has already resulted in the dismantling and reconstruction of an important historic monument - a mandapa (a pillared stone rest-house) within the borders of the site. This dislocation signifies serious problems in the implementation of cultural heritage policies and regulations.
Threats for which the property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger
The inclusion of the Groups of Monuments at Hampi on the List of World Heritage in Danger was prompted by the construction of two suspension bridges which dominate the natural environment and threaten the World Heritage site's integrity. The construction of a road towards one of the bridges will result in a major increase in heavy goods traffic and has already resulted in the dismantling and reconstruction of an important historic monument - a mandapa (a pillared stone rest-house) within the borders of the site. This dislocation signifies serious problems in the implementation of cultural heritage policies and regulations.
Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger
Corrective measures identified
Requests Approved: 0
Total Amount Approved: 92,370USD
|2003||Emergency assistance to elaborate a management plan for Hampi World Heritage site in Danger||75,000 USD|
|2001|| Study trip of Indian site management authorities of Hampi W H Property in Danger to U K to increase national and local capacity for enhanced management (NOT IMPLEMENTED)
Reapproval: 09 Apr, 2002 (n°1522 - 17,370 USD)
UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds
Total amount provided to the property: Funding under the France-UNESCO Co-operation Agreement for expert missions (2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009 and 2010) for a total amount of 24,000 Euros.
Previous monitoring missions
2000: World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS reactive monitoring mission; 2001: expert technical assessment mission; 2003 and 2004: World Heritage Centre and expert advisory missions; August 2005: Joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS advisory mission; January 2007: World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS mission; since 2003 regular France-UNESCO Co-operation Agreement and UNESCO New Delhi Office technical missions to the property.
|2007||Report on the joint UNESCO – ICOMOS reactive monitoring mission to the group of monuments at Hampi (Karnataka, India) 11 - 18 January 2007|
Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports
a) Lack of an operational site management plan;
b) Lack of traffic regulations limiting heavy-duty vehicular traffic.
Current conservation issues
On 1 February 2011, the State Party submitted a brief report providing information on the progress achieved with regard to the requirements outlined in Decision 34 COM 7B.71.
a) Preparation of a draft Statement of Outstanding Universal Value
The State Party submitted a draft Statement of Outstanding Universal Value. However this is incomplete.
b) Extension of the buffer zone boundaries of the property by 1 February 2011
The State Party reports that following the recommendations of the 2005 Joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS advisory mission, it was decided by the site manager that the property boundary will remain unchanged and that the buffer zone boundaries will be increased. The proposal for boundary modification will be submitted to the World Heritage Centre.
c) Completion of the Integrated management plan (IMP)
The State Party reports that the final Integrated management plan (IMP) is under preparation and will be submitted in 2011, along with a sythesis of previous documentation. The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) has initiated a consultative process to seek views and consensus of different stakeholders for the finalization and implementation of the plan. The State Party will provide confirmation when the IMP has been approved, is fully resourced and will be implemented.
d) Illegal constructions and control of development
The State Party reports that previous encroachements and illegal construction is under scrutiny by the Government of Karnataka, and that implementation of Orders is underway. No new constructions are permitted without authorization, and immediate necessary action is being taken in case of encroachment with reference to section 3 of the Karnataka Public Premises Act-1974 (Eviction of Un-authorized Occupants) through a recently appointed authority.
e) Demolition and removal of the remaining debris, pillars and carriageway of the collapsed bridge;
The State Party reports that the central government is addressing this issue with the appropriate agencies of the Karnataka State government.
f) Location for a vehicular bridge outside of the current and possible future boundaries of the property
It is reported that a Cultural Impact Assessment Study is being initiated to relocate the bridge outside of the property. Appropriate decisions will be taken, based on this study.
The World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies understand that the Integrated management plan has not yet been adopted and needs to be finalised by the Hampi World Heritage Area Management Authority, in consultation with ASI and other relevant stakeholders. The World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies express concern that the IMP has not yet been fully adopted, implemented and resourced. They further note that no satisfactory request has been submitted by the State Party to obtain formal approval by the World Heritage Committee for an extended World Heritage property buffer zone. In order to approve the considerable extension to the property, the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies encourage the State Party to prepare and submit a satisfactory boundary modification request of the property together with the relevant maps and information.
Many of the issues relate to the recommendations of the 2007 joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS mission. Given the vulnerability of this property in terms of development, and the commitment expressed by the State Party, at the time of removal from the List of World Heritage in Danger in 2006, with regards to the finalisation and the full implementation of the IMP, the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies consider that the previous decisions of the World Heritage Committee have not yet been fully implemented. These issues need to be addressed and pursued with some urgency in order to have in place robust management systems that can address the conservation, protection, development and management challenges of the property.
Decision Adopted: 35COM 7B.66
The World Heritage Committee,
1. Having examined Document WHC-11/35.COM/7B,
2. Recalling Decision 34 COM 7B.71, adopted at its 34th session (Brasilia, 2010),
3. Reiterates its request to the State Party to inform the World Heritage Centre regarding the progress on:
a) the demolition and removal of the remaining debris, pillars and carriageway of the collapsed bridge;
b) appropriate decisions of a new more suitable location for a vehicular bridge outside the current and possible future boundaries of the property;
4. Requests the State Party to:
a) submit a satisfactory proposal for the extension of the buffer zone boundaries of the property;
b) submit to the World Heritage Centre the completed Integrated Management Plan together with a synthesis and a prioritisation of existing recommendations and intentions, for review by the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies;
c) provide confirmation that the finalized and approved Integrated Management Plan is fully resourced, and will be implemented;
5. Also requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2013, a report on progress made in the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 37th session in 2013.