Year of inscription on the World Heritage List 2011
Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger N/A
Previous Committee Decisions see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1060/documents/
Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved: USD 45,000
For details, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1060/assistance/
UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds
Total amount granted: USD 17,283 from UNESCO Regional Office for Eastern Africa (2015-2016)
Previous monitoring missions
Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports
Illustrative material see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1060/
Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2019
On 1 February 2019, the State Party submitted a state of conservation report on the property, which is available at http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1060/documents/. Annexed to the report, the State Party submitted the draft Lake Elementaita Wildlife Sanctuary Ecosystem Management Plan 2017-2027 and an update of the 2016 Lake Elementaita Wildlife Sanctuary Boundary Survey Report. The UNESCO Office in Nairobi has provided co-funding to both reports.
The State Party informs that the Survey of Kenya has requested the boundary survey to be repeated to reflect the flooding situation, whereas the draft Management Plan already includes a map with the boundaries and proposed zoning scheme, including a buffer zone.
The State Party also reports the following:
On 15 February 2019, the World Heritage Centre requested from the State Party further details on the state of conservation report, and on 28 February 2019, requested the State Party’s comments on the concerns expressed by a member of the Endorois Welfare Council over the state and governance of the property in relation to the Endorois community. No response has been received yet at the time of writing this report.
Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre and IUCN
Similar to the 2017 report, the State Party regrettably provides very limited updated information on implementation of the Committee’s past decisions and the property’s state of conservation.
The State Party provides no response to the Committee’s requests to strengthen the protection of the areas between Lakes Nakuru and Elementaita, to ensure the removal of any existing illegal developments, to carry out the ecological restoration of affected areas, and to develop and implement strict and clear regulations to prohibit developments in close proximity to fragile habitats and in the critical buffer zone of the property (Decisions 39 COM 7B.5 and 41 COM 7B.21). No information is available on the progress or proposed timing of the boundary re-survey of the Lake Elementaita Wildlife Sanctuary following the 2016 survey.
However, the draft Management Plan of Lake Elementaita offers a good basis to manage this component of the property and its buffer zone, rightly confirming the importance of securing the lake’s riparian area. Nevertheless, the results of the boundary re-survey and regulations on encroachment and construction should be further reflected in the Management Plan, including as part of the proposed boundary configuration and zonation scheme. The currently available maps are not detailed enough to ensure effective monitoring and enforcement. In order to formalise any changes to the property’s boundaries and its buffer zone, it is recommended that the State Party submit a proposal for minor boundary modification in line with Paragraph 164 of the Operational Guidelines for the Committee’s approval as soon as the re-survey and consultations are complete. The World Heritage Centre and IUCN are prepared to provide advice as needed.
While the State Party informs that no plan exists for geothermal exploration in Lake Elementaita and Lake Bogoria, no information is provided on the status of potential projects in the third component, Lake Nakuru National Park.
It is positive that the Endorois Welfare Council and the Baringo County Government are collaborating to develop a joint integrated Management Plan for the Lake Bogoria National Reserve ecosystem. This process is an opportunity to ensure the full and effective participation of the Endorois in the management and decision-making of Lake Bogoria, in accordance with the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights (ACHPR) Endorois ruling. Additionally, as indicated in the scoping meeting report of March 2016, this is also an opportunity to model access and benefit-sharing in accordance with the Nagoya Protocol (https://www.cbd.int/abs/). However, the State Party has provided no information on the development of the Management Plan since the March 2016 meeting, at which the completion date was set for December 2016.
Decision Adopted: 43 COM 7B.33
The World Heritage Committee,