1.         Palestine: Land of Olives and Vines – Cultural Landscape of Southern Jerusalem, Battir (Palestine) (C 1492)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  2014

Criteria  (iv)(v)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger    2014-present

Threats for which the property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger

Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger

Adopted; see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/6245 

Corrective measures identified

Adopted; see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/6245

Timeframe for the implementation of the corrective measures

Adopted; see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/6989

Previous Committee Decisions  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1492/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 2016-2016)
Total amount approved: USD 30,000
For details, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1492/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

N/A

Previous monitoring missions

N/A

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1492/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2019

On 6 February 2019, the State Party submitted a state of conservation report, which is available at https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1492/documents. Progress in a number of conservation issues previously addressed by the Committee is presented, as follows:

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

After taking into account the April 2018 ICOMOS technical review, the State Party has improved the draft Management and Conservation Plan (MCP), on which the Advisory Body may provide additional comments as necessary. It is recommended that the World Heritage Committee congratulate the State Party on this achievement, and encourage it to take a participatory approach to the MCP’s implementation, whereby the municipality, local inhabitants, and stakeholders are fully involved and committed (e.g. by means of a signed declaration or inter-institutional agreement).

It is also recommended that the Committee express satisfaction with the new Decree Law on Tangible Cultural Heritage’s requirement that HIAs and/or EIAs be prepared for all potential developments within the State Party’s World Heritage properties in order to evaluate effectively the potential impacts on their Outstanding Universal Value (OUV).

The State Party continues to work on the implementation of the corrective measures adopted in 2015 to achieve the DSOCR, among them the finalization of the MCP and rehabilitation of the agricultural terraces and dry-stone walls.

It is reported that little progress has been made on the development of a sufficient sewage system, though a Water and Sewage Unit has been established to manage sewage water within the property and to seek funds to develop an adequate system. It is recommended that the Committee urge the State Party to continue seeking, on a priority basis, the required funds for this corrective measure. It is also noted that the dismissal of plans to build a “Wall” along the property, or within its surroundings, is essentially beyond the State Party’s control.

Finally, it is recommended that the Committee request the State Party to inform the World Heritage Centre of any proposed plans for major restoration or new construction projects that may affect the OUV of the property, in accordance with Paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines, before making any decisions that would be difficult to reverse.

Considering the above-mentioned information, it is recommended that the Committee retain the property on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

Decision Adopted: 43 COM 7A.30

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC/19/43.COM/7A.Add,
  2. Recalling Decision 42 COM 7A.29 adopted at its 42nd session (Manama, 2018),
  3. Acknowledges the efforts made by the State Party to improve the state of conservation of the property;
  4. Congratulates the State Party for its progress towards finalizing the Management and Conservation Plan (MCP), and encourages the State Party to take a participatory approach to its implementation, whereby the municipality, local inhabitants, and stakeholders are fully involved and committed;
  5. Notes with satisfaction that the State Party’s new Decree Law on Tangible Cultural Heritage includes a requirement for the preparation of Heritage Impact Assessments (HIA) and/or Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA) to evaluate effectively the impact of potential developments on the Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) of its World Heritage properties;
  6. Welcomes the efforts being made by the State Party to implement the corrective measures to achieve the Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger (DSOCR), and urges the State Party to continue seeking, on a priority basis, the required funds to undertake the development of a sufficient sewage system and the adequate restoration of the irrigation system;
  7. Requests the State Party to inform the World Heritage Centre of any proposed plans for major restoration or new construction projects that may affect the OUV of the property, in accordance with Paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines, before making any decisions that would be difficult to reverse;
  8. Also requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2020, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 44th session in 2020;
  9. Decides to retain Palestine: Land of Olives and Vines – Cultural Landscape of Southern Jerusalem, Battir (Palestine) on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

Decision Adopted: 43 COM 8C.2

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined the state of conservation reports of properties inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger (WHC/19/43.COM/7A, WHC/19/43.COM/7A.Add, WHC/19/43.COM/7A.Add.2, WHC/19/43.COM/7A.Add.3 and WHC/19/43.COM/7A.Add.3.Corr),
  2. Decides to retain the following properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger: