1.         Tombs of Buganda Kings at Kasubi (Uganda) (C 1022)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  2001

Criteria  (i)(iii)(iv)(vi)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger    2010-present

Threats for which the property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger

Fire that resulted in the destruction of part of the property

Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger

Adopted, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/4351

Corrective measures identified

Adopted, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/4351 

Timeframe for the implementation of the corrective measures

Adopted, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/4351

Previous Committee Decisions  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1022/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1998-2018)
Total amount approved: USD 135,363
For details, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1022/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

Total amount granted: 2011-2012: USD 68,365 from the Japanese FIT for an Expert Appraisal Mission; 2013-2016 (project on hold pending completion of the Master Plan): USD 650,000 from the Japanese FIT for the project: Technical and financial assistance for the reconstruction of Muzibu-Azaala-Mpanga, architectural masterpiece of the Tombs of Buganda Kings at Kasubi, Uganda, World Heritage property in Danger; 2017: USD 5,400 from the World Heritage Fund for ICOMOS Advisory consultancy for the finalization of the elaboration of the Master Plan

Previous monitoring missions

April 2010, August 2011, November 2011 and August 2013: World Heritage Centre mission; November 2010: Joint UNESCO/ICOMOS/ICCROM Reactive Monitoring mission; April 2012: Joint ICOMOS/ICCROM Reactive Monitoring mission; February 2015: Joint UNESCO/ICOMOS/ICCROM Reactive Monitoring mission. Since 2014, regular missions by UNESCO Office in Nairobi

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1022/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2018

On 28 February 2018, the State Party submitted a report on the state of conservation of the property, which is available at http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1022/documents/ and reports the following:

In April 2018, the State Party also submitted a matrix for the corrective measures and timeframe for implementation of the Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger (DSOCR) as well as a workplan.

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

The State Party has addressed many factors affecting the property, including the reconstruction of the Muzibu-Azaala-Mpanga, the development of a functioning managing system and a Master Plan for the property. The State Party has also been in constant contact with UNESCO and the Advisory Bodies with regard to the firefighting installation and the development of disaster risk management plan and a Master Plan. In relation to the latter, progress has been sufficient to expect the Master Plan to be completed in 2018.

The revision of the management structure now accommodates the various important role-players, including the traditional custodians and craftspersons, and includes the Buganda Kingdom and university researchers as an essential part of the management team. The decision to extend the life of the National Technical Committee indefinitely in the monitoring and management structure is welcome and will fortify the management of the property. While the State Party does not explicitly report on the progress to date in achieving the DSOCR, the new management structure and draft management plan will improve the role and profile of custodians and craftspersons in relation to their knowledge of traditional practices. The new plan includes a disaster risk management strategy and capacity-building strategy and aims to embed the values of the property locally. The UNESCO Regional Office for Eastern Africa has played a crucial and constant supporting and guiding role in the development of these plans and strategies.

The timeframes for the completion of the reconstruction of the Muzibu-Azaala-Mpanga as submitted in 2017 remain feasible. However, the deterioration of the Bujjabukula is of grave concern. The Advisory Bodies share the State Party’s sense of urgency regarding the stabilization and restoration of this highly significant structure.  The World Heritage Centre and Advisory Bodies discussed the International Assistance Request at the panel meeting.  After ascertaining that sufficient material and skills were available to work on both the Muzibu-Azaala-Mpanga and the Bujjabukula contemporaneously, it received a positive recommendation and was approved in April 2018.

The Master Plan process has led to a number of inappropriate proposals for the property being modified or cancelled, and has helped to sensitise the Kampala Capital City Authority to the importance of the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (OUV). The Master Plan, once completed, needs to be embedded in the city’s own policies and plans. Many questions on the urban scale remain, especially with regard to the management of the buffer zone, its urban densities, and the development of Masiro and Hoima roads. The research conducted on traditional Ganda materials and techniques should continue unabated, and further efforts should be made to document and disseminate the results of this research.

Decision Adopted: 42 COM 7A.16

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC/18/42.COM/7A.Add,
  2. Recalling Decision 41 COM 7A.31, adopted at its 41st session (Krakow, 2017),
  3. Welcomes the progress made in the reconstruction of the Muzibu-Azaala-Mpanga and that the work is on track to be completed in 2019, and notes the importance of funds being released from the Japanese extrabudgetary project as a matter of urgency in order to implement the disaster management system;
  4. Also welcomes the progress made in developing a disaster risk strategy, appropriate management structure, draft management plan and draft Master Plan, in cooperation with the Buganda Kingdom Heritage and Tourism Board, the traditional custodians, the architects with knowledge of traditional building practices, and representatives of the Ministry of Tourism, Wildlife, and Antiquities, and commends the State Party for the collaborative nature in which these plans, strategies and systems have been developed;
  5. Further welcomes the progress made to submit a matrix with the corrective measures and a timeframe for implementation of the Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger (DSOCR) as well as a workplan;
  6. Acknowledges the constructive contribution of all parties, including state and non-state agents, in achieving the progress to date;
  7. Encourages the State Party and all of the stakeholders involved in the management and use of the property to continue this active engagement, with support and guidance from the Advisory Bodies, with a view to implementing these strategies and plans at the earliest possible time, thereby achieving as soon as possible the DSOCR;
  8. Expresses its concern however at the rapid deterioration of the Bujjabukula, and also acknowledges the State Party’s willingness to address the state of conservation of this highly significant structure;
  9. Requests the State Party to:
    1. Urgently research and document the Bujjabukula, its construction and the individual elements that compose it,
    2. Urgently develop plans for its stabilization and restoration for submission to the Advisory Bodies,
    3. Implement the stabilization and restoration of the Bujjabukula as soon as possible and in parallel with the continuing process of the reconstruction of the Muzibu-Azaala-Mpanga;
  10. Also requests the State Party to further develop guidelines for the buffer zone of the property and reassess and align the development of Masiro and Hoima roads with the values for which the property was inscribed on the World Heritage List, and to duly reflect the urban dimension of the property and its OUV in the policies, measures and tools adopted by the State Party and the Kampala Capital City Authority, to ensure adequate conservation, using, if necessary, the approach carried by the Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape (2011);
  11. Further requests the State Party to keep the World Heritage Centre informed of any change to the 2017 timeline for reaching the DSOCR;
  12. Requests furthermore the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2019, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 43rd session in 2019;
  13. Decides to retain the Tombs of Buganda Kings at Kasubi (Uganda) on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

Decision Adopted: 42 COM 8C.2

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined the state of conservation reports of properties inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger (WHC/18/42.COM/7A, WHC/18/42.COM/7A.Add and WHC/18/42.COM/7A.Add.2),
  2. Decides to retain the following properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger: