The Climats, terroirs of Burgundy (France) (C 1425)
Year of inscription on the World Heritage List 2015
Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger N/A
Previous Committee Decisions see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1425/documents/
Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved: USD 0
For details, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1425/assistance/
UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds
Previous monitoring missions
Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports
Threats identified at the time of inscription of the property:
- Impacts of tourism/visitor/recreation
- Legal Framework
Illustrative material see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1425/
Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2018
On 29 November 2017, the State Party submitted a state of conservation report, which is available at http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1425/documents/ and addresses the following:
- Legal protection has been improved, namely through two new “sites classés” (Côte de Nuits and Côte Nord de Beaune), new areas for the enhancement of architecture and heritage (AVAP) for 15 municipalities (14 established in 2014; 1 in 2015), and specific protection measures presented in Local Urban Plans (PLU). Eventually, some 66% of the property’s territory will enjoy strong legal protection, the extant part being protected through Natura 2000 declarations, Controlled Denomination of Origin appellations (AOC), and planning tools. Awareness-raising has taken place in 25 municipalities lacking protection mechanisms;
- The landscape study for the Comblanchien Quarry District’s Landscape Plan was completed, actions, priorities and sources of funding were identified, and specific degraded situations were improved;
- Regarding circulation and visitor management, a mobility study was carried out (May – December 2015), resulting in proposals for strengthening public and intermodal transportation, promoting soft mobility;
- The Department of Saone-et-Loire has been a member of the Association of the Climats de Bourgogne since 2016, participating in all the property’s management bodies. The State Party encourages municipalities to consider the property’s status when elaborating/revising their (PLUs, while an ad-hoc body verifies the PLUs’ coherence with regional territorial plans (SCOTs);
- The Framework Convention 2017 – 2019, signed in July 2017 by political and wine producers’ representatives with the objective of implementing 30 various projects, also addresses biocultural diversity issues through knowledge, safeguarding and enhancement activities;
- The site’s management as a cultural landscape is guaranteed by the overall management framework, and particularly by the Commission for Urbanism and Landscape, which meets as needed under the authority of the sub-prefect of Beaune. An inventory of vineyard landscape features and boundaries of Climats, and Light detection and ranging (LIDAR) cartography, complement the tools for landscape management;
- The current Quarry Scheme “Côte d’Or” has not been updated. However, a regional Quarry Scheme should enter into force in 2020. It is envisaged that the scheme will prohibit quarrying if negative impacts on Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) are identified. Since inscription, only one request for the renewal of quarrying activities has been received (Ladoix-Serrigny), for which additional information was requested.
Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM
The State Party has acted upon and made progress in implementing all the World Heritage Committee recommendations that complemented the decision to inscribe the property on the World Heritage List in 2015.
The State Party’s commitment to strengthen legal and planning protection instruments and improve the management framework and its mechanisms is welcomed. Many interrelated actions have been initiated, and some key ones have been achieved, namely the signature of the Framework Convention 2017 – 2019 and the inclusion of the Department of Saône-et-Loire in the management system and related bodies. However, it should be noted that the majority of procedures for reinforcing legal protection through “sites classés” and AVAPs, although having progressed, are still underway and the State Party has not provided a definitive timeframe for their conclusion. Additionally, the State Party reports that 25 municipalities are not equipped with protection instruments like AVAPs. The new Law n° 2016-925 of 7 July 2016 on creativity, architecture and heritage replaces AVAPs with a new easement established by the State Party, (Remarkable Heritage Sites - SPR) for which local actors prepare a regulatory and management document under State control. This new instrument will offer opportunities to further strengthen and expand the legal and regulatory protection of the property.
Advancements have been achieved in developing the Landscape Plan for the Comblanchien Quarry District; however, there is still much to be done to achieve its implementation. It is important that all proposed projects (e.g. by enterprise SEPT) have no negative impacts on the property.
Many municipalities’ planning instruments are currently under revision, due to administrative and legal reforms: this offers an opportunity to make them coherent with the aim of safeguarding the OUV of the property, and therefore the process should be sustained and finalized.
The State Party explains that the Framework Convention 2017 – 2019 has been signed with the aim of implementing 30 selected projects: information should be provided, in conformity with Paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines. Additionally, the potential impacts of these projects on the attributes of OUV of the property must be properly assessed, possibly by integrating the methodological approach suggested by the ICOMOS Guidelines on Heritage Impact Assessments for World Heritage cultural properties into the specific Impact Assessments elaborated according to the law in place.
Decision Adopted: 42 COM 7B.23
The World Heritage Committee,
- Having examined Document WHC/18/42.COM/7B,
- Recalling Decision 39 COM 8B.23, adopted at its 39th session (Bonn, 2015),
- Welcomes the ongoing progress made by the State Party in strengthening the legal, planning and management framework of the property;
- Recommends the State Party to continue its efforts, giving particular attention to the following:
- Finalize the approval procedure of the “sites classés” and of the Aires de Valeur de l’Architecture et du Patrimoine (AVAP) currently under elaboration,
- Finalize the revision of the planning instruments so that their planning provisions are coherent with the safeguarding of the Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) of the property and its supporting attributes,
- Initiate the process of designating Remarkable Heritage Sites according to the 7 July 2016 Law, particularly in those municipalities lacking adequate protection mechanisms for the attributes supporting the OUV of the property,
- Continue and expedite the implementation of the Landscape Plan for the Quarry District of Comblanchien and ensure that the projects proposed in the Plan have no negative impacts on the property’s OUV,
- Integrate the methodological approach suggested by the ICOMOS Guidelines on Heritage Impact Assessments for World Heritage cultural properties into the Impact Assessments developed for planned projects, and also use this approach for projects that may not be subject to Environmental Impact Assessments according to national law;
- Requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 December 2020, an updated progress report on the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies.