1.         Archaeological Site of Carthage (Tunisia) (C 37)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1979

Criteria  (ii)(iii)(vi)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/37/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1980-2001)
Total amount approved: USD 213,315
For details, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/37/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

Total amount provided to the property: International Safeguarding Campaign, 1973-1989

Previous monitoring missions

1980 to 2011: 15 technical missions; January 2012: joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring mission

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/37/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2018

On 9 April 2018, the State Party submitted a report on the state of conservation of the property, available at http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/37/documents/. Progress achieved regarding a certain number of conservation problems treated by the Committee at its previous sessions is presented in this report, as follows:

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

The State Party has increased its efforts in a relatively difficult global context and implements the recommendations of the 2014 Commission report to ensure the conservation, protection and management of the property.  It acts successfully against illegal activities and controls the land issues located within the property – in the areas reclassified by their acquisition – and this despite their high cost. However, it remains necessary that the State Party provides its Action Plan relating to the land issues of declassification/reclassification of some archaeological zones within the property, together with a timetable. It is therefore recommended that the Committee commend the State Party for its efforts to protect and conserve the property and to have found the statue of Ganymede and asks for a plan of action on the land issues of declassification / reclassification of certain archaeological areas within the property together with the timetable.

The revision process for the boundaries of the property and the buffer zone is ongoing, but it is regrettable that the criteria defining the buffer zone, as well as the regulations and measures that govern it, have not yet been submitted to the World Heritage Centre.

Measures concerning the PPMV, the Enhancement Plan and the tourism management plan for the property, the management and conservation structure of the property with a clear definition of the mandates and prerogatives, indicate a worrying delay and require urgent action for their finalization, adoption and implementation.

The projects prepared for the study and enhancement of the Roman Circus and that of the study and archaeological investigations and conservation strategy for the property, as well as the Heritage Impact Evaluation (EIP), must be submitted to the World Heritage Centre for examination by the Advisory Bodies, in conformity with paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines, before irreversible decisions are taken, to enable the Committee to assist in seeking appropriate solutions to fully conserve the Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) of the property.

Decision Adopted: 42 COM 7B.60

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC/18/42.COM/7B.Add,
  2. Recalling Decision 40 COM 7B.29, adopted at its 40th session (Istanbul/UNESCO, 2016),
  3. Warmly welcomes the progress achieved in the protection and conservation of the property, despite a relatively difficult global context;
  4. Commends the State Party for the successful efforts towards recovering the Ganymède statue stolen from the site museum in 2013;
  5. Takes note of the efforts undertaken by the State Party for land control of the area located in the classified zone and invites it to pursue and strengthen them;
  6. Also takes note of the revision process for the property boundaries and the buffer zone and invites the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre the criteria for definition of the latter, as well as the regulations and measures that govern it;
  7. Also requests the State Party:
    1. To adopt and implement the Protection and Enhancement Plan (PPMV) of the property,
    2. To prepare a presentation plan and tourism management plan that will prevent the informal proliferation of commerce within the property, notably at the “UNESCO Square” and around the Antonin Baths,
    3. To conceive and implement an archaeological and conservation strategy for the property,
    4. To coordinate the management and preservation structures of the property, as well as the roles of the different concerned stakeholders;
  8. Further requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, in conformity with Paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines, the study and enhancement projects for the Roman Circus and the Study and Archaeological Investigations and Conservation Strategy for the property, as well as the Heritage Impact Evaluations (HIE), before irreversible decisions are taken, for examination by the Advisory Bodies;
  9. Finally requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 December 2019, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 44th session in 2020.