1.         The Persian Qanat (Iran (Islamic Republic of)) (C 1506)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  2016

Criteria  (iii)(iv)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1506/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved: USD 0
For details, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1506/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds


Previous monitoring missions


Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Factors identified at the time of inscription in 2016:

Illustrative material  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1506/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2018

On 4 December 2017, the State Party submitted a state of conservation report, which is available at http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1506/documents/. The report presents the State Party’s progress with a number of conservation issues addressed by the Committee at its previous sessions, as follows:

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

The State Party reports that many efforts have been made since the inscription of this still-active serial property to engage the stakeholders and local communities and encourage them to implement an integrated management system. The State Party specifically highlights an addition to the plans proposed within the 2016 Management Plan to include references to sustainable tourism management and risk management, though limited progress has been reported concerning this important recommendation made by the Committee at the time of inscription. Recalling the fundamental value of an overarching integrated management system and of appropriate control mechanisms for the property, it is recommended that the Committee urge the State Party to include, as a matter of priority, risk management and sustainable tourism management sections in the integrated management system. Moreover, these sections should be strategic in character, with clear objectives that are related to sustaining the Outstanding Universal Value (OUV), including authenticity and integrity, of the property, and with indicators to measure the success of each strategy.

While some progress has been made regarding the other recommendations made by the Committee at the time of inscription, actions such as improving the collection and accessibility of data, improving the monitoring system and permanently marking the boundaries of the property and its buffer zones have yet to be fully realized. It is recommended that the Committee reiterate its previous recommendations concerning these important activities and request information on the expected timeframe(s) for their completion.

Decision Adopted: 42 COM 7B.9

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC/18/42.COM/7B,
  2. Recalling Decisions 40 COM 8B.21 and 41 COM 8B.49 adopted at its 40th (Istanbul/UNESCO, 2016) and 41st (Krakow, 2017) sessions respectively,
  3. Urges the State Party to include, as a matter of priority, sections on strategic risk management and sustainable tourism management in the integrated management system, with clear objectives related to the Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) of the property, notably its authenticity and integrity, and relevant monitoring indicators;
  4. Reiterates its recommendations to the State Party to:
    1. Continue enriching the documentation centres with collected data related to each qanat in the relevant regional offices of the Iranian Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts & Tourism Organization (ICHHTO), and ensure the availability of this data to members of the local communities and internationally,
    2. Extend the monitoring system to identify the responsible authority for each key indicator,
    3. Complete the permanent marking of the boundaries of property components and buffer zones on the ground;
  5. Requests the State Party to provide an indication of the expected timeframe(s) for the completion of the above-mentioned actions;
  6. Also requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 December 2019, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 44th session in 2020.