1.         Diyarbakır Fortress and Hevsel Gardens Cultural Landscape (Turkey) (C 1488)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  2015

Criteria  (iv)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1488/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved: USD 0
For details, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1488/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

N/A

Previous monitoring missions

N/A

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Concern over the situation prevailing in Diyarbakir

Illustrative material  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1488/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2017

On 27 June 2016, the World Heritage Centre sent to the State Party the information received from third parties regarding the state of conservation of the property, in particular regarding the destruction in the Surici District, within the buffer zone of the property.

On 1 February 2017, the State Party submitted a state of conservation report, which is available at https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1488/documents/ and addresses the recommendations made by the World Heritage Committee in its Decisions 39 COM 8B.32 and 40 COM 7B.60, and provided information on the state of conservation on Surici District as follows:

In the report, the State Party identifies several other current conservation issues, which may have an impact on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (OUV), such as the amendment to the law regarding the repair of non-movable cultural properties under private ownership, and the urban design project for Cevatpaşa Neighbourhood Iç Kale Valley.

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

According to information received from third parties on the situation, the World Heritage property and its buffer zone have been exposed to widespread attacks and consequent security operations in the past two years. As such, it has been reported that the historic structures of the property, and in particular a number of historic buildings and monuments in the buffer zone suffered serious damages.

In its report, the State Party provided information on the state of conservation on Surici District within the buffer zone, which included emergency measures to address damages. It is encouraged that the State Party continue the work related to rehabilitation of the Surici District.

The security situation in Diyarbakir remains challenging for heritage preservation. Notwithstanding these difficulties, some progress has been made with small-scale conservation initiatives. The State Party’s initiatives in ensuring that the OUV of the property - including authenticity and integrity - is sustained, are to be noted.

It is recommended that the Committee request the State Party to continue to take all possible measures to safeguard the property to prevent further damage, and to submit a Master Plan for restoration and rehabilitation activities for all buildings within the property, which should include information and documentation on technics and materials. It is also recommended that the Committee request the State Party to carry out Heritage Impact Assessments (HIAs) for urban design projects such as “Urban Design Project for Cevatpaşa Neighborhood Iç Kale Valley”, which may threaten the OUV of the property, in conformity with the ICOMOS Guidelines on HIAs for World Heritage cultural properties.

It is further recommended that the Committee request the State Party to invite, when the situation allows, a joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring mission to the property to evaluate the nature and extent of any threats and propose appropriate measures to be taken.

Decision Adopted: 41 COM 7B.50

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC/17/41.COM/7B,
  2. Recalling Decisions 39 COM 8B.32 and 40 COM 7B.60, adopted at its 39th (Bonn, 2015) and 40th (Istanbul/UNESCO, 2016) sessions respectively,
  3. Acknowledges the efforts made by the State Party to implement the recommendations made by the Committee in previous Decisions, as well as the initiatives taken by the State Party to protect the property and its buffer zone and underlines the importance of preventing any further damage to the property;
  4. Encourages the State Party to continue with work related to rehabilitation of Surici District within the buffer zone,
  5. Requests the State Party to initiate the elaboration of a Master Plan for restoration and rehabilitation activities within the property, which should include information and documentation on techniques and materials;
  6. Also requests the State Party, to carry out Heritage Impact Assessments (HIAs) for urban design projects such as “Urban Design Project for Cevatpaşa Neighborhood Iç Kale Valley”, which may threaten the Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) of the property, in conformity with the ICOMOS Guidelines on HIAs for World Heritage cultural properties;
  7. Further requests the State Party to invite, when the situation allows, a joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring mission to the property to evaluate the nature and extent of any threats and to propose appropriate measures to be taken;
  8. Finally requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 December 2018, a report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 43rd session in 2019.