1.         Archaeological Areas of Pompei, Herculaneum and Torre Annunziata (Italy) (C 829)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1997

Criteria  (iii)(iv)(v)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/829/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved: USD 0
For details, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/829/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

Total amount granted: USD 183 487: Italian Funds-in-Trust

Previous monitoring missions

December 2010 and January 2011: Joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS Advisory mission; January 2013: Joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring mission; November 2014: Joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring mission 

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/829/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2017

On 1 December 2016, the State Party submitted a progress report on the state of conservation of the property, as well as the completed Management Plan. Both documents are available at https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/829/documents/.  Progress in a number of conservation issues addressed by the Committee at its previous sessions is presented in this report as follows:

A request for a minor boundary modification, including a proposed change to the buffer zone, was resubmitted to the World Heritage Centre, in accordance with the recommendations of the Decision 38 COM 8B.51. It was considered incomplete by the Secretariat, who advised the State Party on a future submission.

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

The State Party’s efforts to address the conservation and management issues have led to substantial improvements of the property. Overall, the Management Plan has many excellent features and is an improvement on the previous draft seen by ICOMOS. However, there are still some major gaps in its content. In particular, the management of the property is not linked to the protection of Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) through use of the draft Statement of OUV or the identification of attributes. There is a lack of detail about the condition of the components and the Action Plan or programme of works need further improvement. The Management Plan also identifies some issues relating to the management structure for the property.

The creation of an independent Herculaneum Archaeological Park at first sight appears to weaken the overall management of this serial property, and clarification is needed on how effective coordinated management will be achieved. It would also be helpful to have more clarification on how coordination is achieved between the site managers and the Great Pompei Unit, which is responsible for what happens in the buffer zone and more widely. A clear statement on where responsibility lies for the implementation of the Management Plan is highly desirable.

While the prolongation of the GPP until 2019 and the extensive financial contributions are very much welcome, it is essential that beyond 2019 long-term resources, both human and financial, are identified and ensured to adequately deal with the continuing needs for conservation and visitor management at the property. The inclusion of the five threatened buildings within the GPP is noted, and it is hoped that consolidation and restoration works progress according to schedule. Justifiably, the structural stability of the buildings at the property receive priority treatment, however, it is recommended that the Committee encourage the State Party to develop a programme for long-term conservation and restoration of the decorative surfaces.

The State Party has resolved almost all legal issues and the necessary safeguarding, and restoration works at Schola Armaturarum have been commenced. It is recommended that the Committee also encourage the State Party to continue to resolve the remaining issue at Porta Nola, in order to complete the conservation of the major storage building.

Works to address the drainage issues in Regions III and IX have almost been completed. It is recommended that these works be carefully monitored and that the mitigation measures in the Regions I, III and IX, IV and V of the archaeological site be shared with the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies.

It is further recommended that the design for the service building at Villa A of Torre Annunziata be sent as soon as possible to the World Heritage Centre, for review by the Advisory Bodies.

Decision Adopted: 41 COM 7B.47

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC/17/41.COM/7B,
  2. Recalling Decision 39 COM 7B.80, adopted at its 39th session (Bonn, 2015),
  3. Acknowledges the efforts of the State Party to address the conservation and management issues that have led to substantial improvements of the state of conservation of the property;
  4. Noting the improvements made to the Management Plan, requests the State Party to address the following issues, which need further clarification, detail and further improvement:
    1. The linking of the management of the property to the protection of Outstanding Universal Value (OUV),
    2. The condition of the components and the Action Plan or programme of works,
    3. The coordinated management between the site managers and the Great Pompei Unit and the responsibility for the implementation of the Management Plan;
  5. Welcomes the prolongation of the Grande Progetto Pompei (GPP) until 2019 and the extensive financial contributions, and also requests the State Party to ensure that both human and financial resources are identified beyond 2019, to adequately deal with the continuing needs for conservation and visitor management at the property;
  6. Also welcomes the consolidation and restoration works of the five threatened buildings within the GPP, and encourages the State Party to develop a programme for long-term conservation and restoration of decorative surfaces;
  7. Also encourages the State Party to continue to resolve the remaining issue at Porta Nola, in order to complete the conservation of the major storage building;
  8. Notes the progress reported on drainage works, and further requests the State Party to carefully monitor the mitigation measures foreseen in the Regions I, III, IX, IV and V of the archaeological site and provide results to the World Heritage Centre for review by the Advisory Bodies;
  9. Requests furthermore the State Party to provide the World Heritage Centre with the design for the service building at Villa A of Torre Annunziata, as soon as possible, for review by the Advisory Bodies;
  10. Requests moreover the State Party to provide more detailed information and clarifications on the coordinated management of the Herculaneum Archaeological Park, the Great Pompei Unit and the Torre Annunziata;
  11. Finally requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 December 2018, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination of the World Heritage Committee at its 43rd session in 2019.