1.         Archaeological Site of Leptis Magna (Libya) (C 183)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1982

Criteria  (i)(ii)(iii)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger    2016-present

Threats for which the property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger

Conflict situation prevailing in the country

Corrective measures identified

Not yet identified

Timeframe for the implementation of the corrective measures

Not yet identified

Previous Committee Decisions  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/183/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1988-1990)
Total amount approved: USD 45,500
For details, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/183/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

N/A

Previous monitoring missions

1988: UNESCO mission

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/183/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2017

The State Party did not submit the state of conservation report, which was requested by the World Heritage Committee at its 40th session (Istanbul/UNESCO, 2016). No recent information on the state of conservation of the property is available.

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

In the UNOSAT Interim Activity Report of 20 December 2016, an analysis of satellite images taken on 20 August 2011 and 20 April 2016 shows 580 new constructions in Leptis Magna. However, the absence of a clear official map showing the precise boundaries of the property and its buffer zone makes it very difficult to assess to what extent this urban encroachment affects the property. It is therefore recommended that the elaboration of such a map be given priority by the State Party.

The prevailing situation continues to raise high concern about the capacity of the responsible authorities to ensure the protection and conservation of the property. It is recommended that the Committee reiterate its request to the State Party to submit information about the situation at the property as soon as the security conditions permit, and to invite a joint World Heritage Centre/Advisory Bodies Reactive Monitoring mission in order to assess the state of conservation of the property and elaborate, in cooperation with the relevant stakeholders, an action plan for the property. It is also recommended that the Committee reiterate the call made at its 40th session for the international community to provide support to the State Party, especially in the implementation of the measures identified during the International Meeting on the Safeguard of Libyan Cultural Heritage (Tunis, May 2016). The report is available at the following web address: https://whc.unesco.org/en/news/1496.

Other sources report that there are organized initiatives by the civil society to protect the property from potential attacks. Awareness needs to be harnessed to promote understanding of the decision of the Committee, taken at its 40th session, to inscribe the property, as well as the other four Libyan World Heritage Sites on the List of World Heritage in Danger, as a means of raising awareness of its problems and mobilizing the support of the international community.

Decision Adopted: 41 COM 7A.38

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC/17/41.COM/7A.Add,
  2. Recalling Decision 40 COM 7B.106, adopted at its 40th session (Istanbul/UNESCO, 2016),
  3. Regrets that the State Party did not submit a report on the state of conservation of the property, as requested by the Committee at its 40th session;
  4. Reiterates its call for an increased mobilization of the international community to provide more financial and technical support to the State Party, including through the UNESCO Emergency Fund for Heritage, to implement the short- and medium-term measures identified during the International Meeting on the Safeguard of Libyan Cultural Heritage (Tunis, May 2016);
  5. Requests the State Party to inform the World Heritage Centre of any evolution of the situation at the property as well as of measures undertaken to ensure its protection and conservation;
  6. Also requests the State Party to collaborate with the World Heritage Centre towards the elaboration of a map indicating the precise boundaries of the property and of its buffer zone, as well as the location of the main threats to the property and its environment;
  7. Reiterates its request that the State Party invite the World Heritage Centre and ICOMOS to carry out a mission to the property as soon as the security conditions permit;
  8. Further requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2018, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 42nd session in 2018;
  9. Decides to retain the Archaeological Site of Leptis Magna (Libya) on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

Decision Adopted: 41 COM 8C.2

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined the state of conservation reports of properties inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger (WHC/17/41.COM/7A, WHC/17/41.COM/7A.Add and WHC/17/41.COM/7A.Add.2),
  2. Decides to retain the following properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger: