1.         Ancient City of Nessebar (Bulgaria) (C 217)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1983

Criteria  (iii)(iv)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/217/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1991-1995)
Total amount approved: USD 23,000
For details, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/217/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

N/A

Previous monitoring missions

November 2010: joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS reactive monitoring mission 

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

a) urban development pressure

b) lack of a management plan, of an urban master plan and of a conservation master plan of monuments and archaeological sites

Illustrative material  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/217/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2011

During its 34th session (Brasilia, 2010), the World Heritage Committee expressed its deep concern regarding the overall state of conservation of the property, urged the State Party to immediately adopt all necessary measures and to immediately halt “any development projects which may affect the Outstanding Universal Value, integrity and authenticity of the property. 

A joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS reactive monitoring mission visited the property from 29 November to 1 December 2010, as requested by the World Heritage Committee at its 34th session. A report of the mission is available online at the following Web address: http://whc.unesco.org/en/sessions/35COM

Following consultations with all stakeholders and in the light of on-site visit to the World Heritage property, the mission considered that despite the various problems and challenges identified by the mission the value for which this property was inscribed on the World Heritage List is substantially maintained. However, the mission underlines that the property is vulnerable and the current problems if not dealt with in the short term could represent a threat to the property.

The mission considers that a set of measures developed by the mission in close coordination with the national authorities should be implemented by the authorities, as a matter of urgency in order to maintain the Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) of the property. 

The mission observed at the time of the visit that the negative urban developments within the property have stopped and that the existing developments/constructions could be considered as reversible in principle. The mission notes the initiation of a process by the national authorities for the removal of illegal constructions or inadequate adjustments to existing structures, in order to prevent serious deterioration of architectural and urban planning coherence.

Despite some recent improvement in protective legislation, the mission noted that implementation is lagging due to the lack of updated decrees, regulations and directives without which the existing normative acts while adequate, are still inapplicable for solving problems of management, conservation and urban planning. 

The mission considered that the following measures should be taken by the national and local authorities as a matter of urgency: