1.         Memphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur (Egypt) (C 86)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1979

Criteria  (i)(iii)(vi)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/86/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1991-1995)
Total amount approved: USD 81,450
For details, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/86/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

N/A

Previous monitoring missions

N/A

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/86/

Information presented to the Bureau of the World Heritage Committee in 1999

Summary of previous deliberations: The Secretariat reported to the Bureau at its twenty-second extraordinary session that, at the request of the Egyptian authorities, a mission from UNESCO proceeded to Cairo on 3 October 1998 and worked on the Ring-Road issue with the Supreme Council of Antiquities and the concerned ministries. A joint communiqué, signed by the Supreme Council of Antiquities, the Ministry of Housing and Reconstruction and UNESCO urged for a full implementation of the Convention and reconfirmed the alternative route selected during the previous UNESCO mission in 1995 (diversion through the Maryoutiyah and Mansouriyah Canals). The Bureau examined the report and requested the Secretariat to continue co-operating with the Egyptian authorities on the issue of diversion of Ring Road as well as on the overall management of the site and to report on the progress of the work to the Bureau at its twenty-third session. The World Heritage Committee, at its twenty-second session in December 1998, noted the decision of the last Bureau.

New information: In March 1999, in response to the request of the Secretary General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities in Egypt, a monitoring mission visited the site of Memphis and its Necropolis to identify short and long term actions to enhance the integrity, protection and presentation of the site. The mission recommended following: (1) Initiate the Egyptian GIS project by using this World Heritage site (WHS) as the initial model training site to prepare the boundary and base maps necessary for decision-making and management planning; (2) Initiate an integrated interdisciplinary General Management Plan (GMP) training project for the entire WHS including Memphis, and additionally, Abu Rawash; (3) Use the GMP process to address conflict issues and community conditions at Giza and Memphis in particular; (4) Also using the GMP process, develop specific action plans and schedules to address site development, monitoring, maintenance, visitor management and an integrated presentation programme including interpretative themes at appropriate locations distributed in the WHS; (5) Consider the need for expanded on-site laboratory facilities and equipment for emergency conservation and preservation situations (6) The initiation of a site-specific WHS Friends Programme (NGO) and World Heritage Young Peoples Programme adapted for Egypt; (7) Develop a rapid and flexible means to address small scale site management requirements; and, (8) Acknowledge WHS inscription and status with appropriate plaques and information.

The Secretariat supports the above recommendations, in particular items (1) – (4), considering the urgent need to have the GMP for the site.

Action Required

The Bureau, having examined the report of the Secretariat, considers that a general management plan should be established together with a complete mapping of the site. The Bureau recommends to the State Party to study the recommendations of the report and to take actions for the establishment of the integrated interdisciplinary General Management Plan. The Bureau requests the State Party to submit a progress report on the actions taken by 15 September 1999 for examination by the Bureau at its twenty-third extraordinary session.

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 1999

N/A

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

N/A

Decision Adopted: 23 BUR IV.B.56

After having examined the report of the Secretariat, the Bureau considered that a General Management Plan should be established with a complete mapping of the site.  The Bureau recommended to the State party to study the recommendations of the mission report of March 1999 and to take actions for the establishment of an integrated interdisciplinary General Management Plan.  The Bureau requested the State party to submit a progress report on the actions taken by 15 September 1999 for examination by the Committee at its twenty-third session.