1.         Rainforests of the Atsinanana (Madagascar) (N 1257)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  2007

Criteria  (ix)(x)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger    2010-present

Threats for which the property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger

Illegal logging of precious wood species (ebony and rosewood) and its secondary impacts; poaching of endangered lemurs were identified as threats for the site’s integrity.

Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger

Adopted, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/4344

Corrective measures identified

Adopted, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/4344  

Timeframe for the implementation of the corrective measures

Adopted, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/4344  

Previous Committee Decisions  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1257/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 2000-2010)
Total amount approved: USD 155,000
For details, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1257/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

Total amount granted: USD 1,890,000 from the United Nations Foundation and the Nordic World Heritage Foundation.

Previous monitoring missions

May 2011: Joint monitoring mission World Heritage Centre / IUCN 

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1257/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2014

The State Party submitted a detailed report on the state of conservation of the property on 3 February 2014; the summary is available at the Internet address: https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1257/documents/

The implementation of the corrective measures and progress achieved concerning some conservation problems are indicated in the report, as follows:

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre and IUCN

The Committee is invited to warmly commend the political will of the State Party, as expressed by the President of the Republic of Madagascar, to undertake strong measures to halt the traffic of rosewood. The important progress in the implementation of the corrective measures should be noted, particularly the development of a management and clean-up strategy for the precious wood sector by the Steering Committee and the establishment of appropriate mechanisms and tools for the conservation, surveillance and monitoring of the components of the property.  Note should be taken of the steps proposed for the sale and exportation procedures of the illegal stocks of precious wood. An eventual decision for the sale should be based on the results of the three studies mentioned above and take into account the recommendations of the CITES Secretariat.

There is concern as regards the resumption of illegal logging since the end of 2013; the notifications provided by the CITES Secretariat on 4 September 2013 and 26 February 2014 confirm that the illicit exportation of wood continues despite the embargo established in the framework of the CITES action plan.

However, in this regard one must be content with the request of the President of the Republic of Madagascar of 18 February 2014 to the diplomatic missions and consulates to inform the port and airport authorities of their respective capitals on the fraudulent nature of the exportation of rosewood from Madagascar.

The Committee is recommended to request the State Party of Madagascar as well as the recipient State Parties of the illicit traffic of rosewood to strengthen efforts to respect the embargo established in the framework of the action plan and to request the State Party of Madagascar to postpone the sale and exportation of the illegal stocks until receiving the endorsement of the CITES Permanent Committee. The reinforcement of the surveillance mechanism that was weakened since the elections is also recommended.

It should also be noted that the elimination of illegal logging, stocks and movement of wood constitutes a key condition for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger. It is recommended that the Committee also request the State Party to invite a joint UNESCO/IUCN monitoring mission to the property to evaluate progress with these actions and progress achieved in the Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger, and to update, if necessary the corrective measures and the timetable for their implementation.

Decision Adopted: 38 COM 7A.44

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC-14/38.COM/7A,
  2. Recalling Decision 37 COM 7A.11, adopted at its 37th session (Phnom Penh, 2013),
  3. Commends the efforts undertaken by the State Party in the implementation of the corrective measures and the commitments contained in the action plan annexed to the decision of the Conference of Parties of CITES in Bangkok (COP16);
  4. Welcomes the clear political will of the State Party as expressed by the President of the Republic of Madagascar to undertake the necessary measures to halt the illegal traffic of rosewood;
  5. Notes with concern an increase in illegal logging since end-2013 and the continued illegal exportation despite the embargo established in the framework of the CITES action plan and requests the State Party to strengthen the surveillance mechanism that has been weakened since the elections;
  6. Urges the State Party of Madagascar as well as the recipient States Parties of the illegal traffic to reinforce efforts to respect the embargo and to inform the port and airport authorities of their respective capitals of the fraudulent nature of the exportation of rosewood from Madagascar;
  7. Also requests the State Party to postpone the sale and exportation of the illegal stocks until the results of the current studies as well as the endorsement of the CITES Permanent Committee have been obtained and reiterates the importance of the consultation process with all the stakeholders;
  8. Also reiterates that the elimination of illegal logging in the components of the property and the illegal stocks constitute a key condition for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger;
  9. Further requests the State Party to continue its efforts in the implementation of the corrective measures and the recommendations of the 2011 joint UNESCO/IUCN mission that have not yet been entirely implemented;
  10. Requests furthermore the State Party to invite a joint UNESCO/IUCN reactive monitoring mission to the property to assess this progress and the progress achieved in the Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger, and to update, if necessary, the corrective measures and the timetable for their implementation;
  11. Requests moreover the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2015, a detailed report, including a 1-page executive summary on the state of conservation of the entire serial property, including an evaluation of the implementation of the corrective measures, and information on progress made towards achieving the Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 39th session in 2015;
  12. Decides to retain the Rainforests of the Atsinanana (Madagascar) on the List of World Heritage in Danger

Decision Adopted: 38 COM 8C.2

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined the state of conservation reports of properties inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger (WHC-14/38.COM/7A and WHC-14/38.COM/7A.Add),
  2. Decides to retain the following properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger: